Native American Timeline

  • Oct 12, 1492

    Columbus Discovers New World

    Columbus Discovers New World
    Colombus Discovers New WorldWhen columbus landed on shore he came across some indians. He described the indians by writing, "They all go around as naked as their mothers bore them; and also the women." He also wrote, "They could easily be commanded and made work, to sow and to do whatever might be needed, to build towns and be taught to wear clothes and adopt our ways." based on what he wrote about them and how he treated them he didn't care much about them only about the work that he could get done by them.
  • Aug 13, 1519

    Hernan Cortes conquers the Aztecs

    Hernan Cortes conquers the Aztecs
    The AztecsHernan Cortes came across the Aztec empire in a fragile state, striken with military failures, economic trouble, and social unrest. When the conflict between the Aztecs and Cortes began Montezuma(Aztec leader) had few allies. Which made it very easy for Cortes to conquer.
  • Jan 1, 1552

    Bartolome de Las Casas

    Bartolome de Las Casas
    Bartolome de Las CasasBartolome de Las Casas was the first ordained priest in the western hemisphere. He published a book about how the colonists actually treated the native americans. The book is called, 'Brief destruction of the relations of the indies'.
  • Founding of Jamestown

    Founding of Jamestown
    Founding of Jamestown Jamestown was founded by colonist of the London Company. By the end of the first year disease and starvation decreased the original population of 105 to 32 survivors.
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    Bacon's Rebellion
    Bacon's RebellionTobacco planters were denied permission to attack the Susequehannock Indians. Angry about being denied to attack the indians performing raids on the colonist settlement, they burned Jamestown and killed many indians before the order was restored in October.
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
  • Proclomation of 1763

    Proclomation of 1763
    The Proclamation of 1763The Proclamation of 1763 was issued by the British Board of Trade under King George III after the French and Indian War. The Proclamation established governments for the new territories they gained after war, and to make and keep the peace between colonists and remaining Native American tribes, and keep the colonist to the coasts to make taxing and trade easy with Britian.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris officially ended the Revolutionary War. Benjamin franklin, John Adams, and John Jay signed the treaty. Treaty of Paris of 1783
  • Treaty of Greenville

    Treaty of Greenville
    Treaty of GreenvilleThe threat of war between the colonist and the native americans was reduced by Anthony Wayne's victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. In 1795, the colonist and the native americans gathered to sign a peace treaty. One of the affects of the treaty was that the native americans had to give up some of their land.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    During the Louisiana Purchase, the United States bought approximately 828,000,000 square miles of land from the french. With the purchase of the area it doubled the land of the young republic.
    Louisiana Purchase
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Lewis and Clark Expedition
    Lewis and Clark ExpeditionAfter the Lousiana Purchase, most of the land west of the Mississippi River was unknown to the Americans. So President Jefferson chose Meritwether Lewis to go on an examine the land before people moved to the area. Lewis invited WIlliam Clark to go along with him.
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    Tecumseh and The Prophet

    Tecumseh and The ProphetTecumseh was the cheif of the Shawnees and his brother was known as the prophet. They founded Prophetstown as a place where other tribes that thought signing U.S treaties was losing their way of life could stay. He created a Confederacy with some northern tribes with the same goal. In a meeting with the governor or Ohio, William Henry Harrison, Tecumseh stated that he would not recognize U.S signed treaties. While Tecumseh and the prophet were away from Prophetstown Harrison led his troops in.
  • Creek War

    Creek War
    Creek War of 1813-14The Creek War began as a civil war mostly in the upper creek area. When the Americans were afraid that the creeks would ally with the british they went against the Red Sticks and turned the civil war into a military campaign made to destroy the creeks. The Cherokee and Choctaw joined the war on the American side to prove their loyalty. The result of the war was complete defeat of the creeks.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Indian Removal ActThe Indian Removal Act was signed into law by Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. During the fall and winter of 1838 and 1839, the Cherokees were forced to move to the west by the United States government. Approximately 4,000 Cherokees died on the Trail of Tears.
  • Worcester v. Georgia

    Worcester v. Georgia
    Worcester V. GeorgiaThe laws of Georgia prohibited non-indians from living in Indian territory. Worcester filed a case claiming his families forced removal was against his constitutional rights. He said that Georgia did not maintain jurisdiction to inforce the law in the Native land. The supremecourt ruled in favor with Worcester agreeing that they did violate Worcester's 14th amendment.
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    Trail of Tears

    The Trail of TearsEven though the supreme court ruled that the Cherokee had a right to stay on their lands, President Jackson sent federal troops to forcibly remove almost 16,000 Cherokee who had refused to move westward under the unrecognized Treaty of New Echota and had remained in Georgia. American soldiers herded most into camps where they stayed imprisioned throughout the summer andat least 1,500 died. The remainder began an 800-mile forced march to Oklahoma that fall. In all around 4,000 Cherokee died.
  • Oregon Trail

    Oregon Trail
    Oregon TrailThe Oregon Trail was a major route that people took when going to the western part of the United States. Most traveled in a long train of covered large wagons carrying their belongings.
  • Gold discovered in California

    Gold discovered in California
    Gold Discovered in CaliforniaJames W. Marshall was the first to find gold in Sutter Creek near Coloma, California while overlooking construction on a sawmill on the river. Being that there were so many false claims of gold discovery, the Gold Rush did not begin until President James Polk backed up the discover in December of 1848.
  • Passage of the Homestead Act

    Passage of the Homestead Act
    The Homestead Act of 1862When President Abraham Lincoln signed the Homestead Act into law, he created a method of westward expansion that would exist for the next 123 years and eventually be responsible for the settlement of over 270 million acres of the American landscape. The act brought changes to almost all aspects of our life and helped define how we live today.
  • Sand Creek Massacre

    Sand Creek Massacre
    The Massacre at Sand CreekThe day after the chief of the Cheyenne tribe went to the United States Army Fort to assure his people were safe. The soldiers lied to the chief because the next day they surrounded Sand Creek and scalped and shot 400 people, most being women and children.
  • Diminished Buffalo Herds

    Diminished Buffalo Herds
    The Buffalo HarvestAlthough the army was plagued by strategic failures, the near extermination of the American bison during the 1870s helped to mask the military's poor performance. By stripping many Indians of their available resources, the slaughter of the buffalo severely reduced the Indians' capacity to continue an armed struggle against the United States.
  • Gold in the Black Hills, and the Ft. Laramie Treaty

    Gold in the Black Hills, and the Ft. Laramie Treaty
    Black Hills Expedition of 1874</a>In the Treaty of Fort Laramie, the United States recognized the Black Hills as part of the Great Sioux Reservation, set aside for exclusive use by the Sioux people.
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  • Battle of Little Big Horn

    Battle of Little Big Horn
    The Battle of Little Big Horn is commonly known as "Custer's last stand". The battle was between the U.S Calvary and the Northern tribe indians( the Cheyenne, Sioux, and Arapaho). The Indians decided to go to war with the U.S Calvary because they refused to stay of tribal lands in Black Hills. They successfully fought the U.S Calvary twice in the spring of 1876.
    Battle Of Little Big Horn
  • Nez Perce War

    Nez Perce War
    Nez Perce WarThis war started when the U.S. army reacted to some American deaths along the Salmon River, that was said was committed by the Nez Perce. To avoid a battle that would have resulted in being forced onto a reservation, about 800 Nez Perce fled 1,500 miles. They were caught 30 miles south of the Canadian border. Survivors were sent to Indian Territory in Oklahoma, despite the promise of the U.S. government to allow them to return to their homeland.