Farming timeline

  • Period: Jan 1, 1300 to Jan 1, 1400

    The Middle Ages

    The land the Lord owned was his domain. He would let peasants on his to land to cultivate – these people became his tenants. Each tenant would have a half of acre of land to tend to.
  • Population

    farmers made up 90% of the population. Craddles and, Scythes were also invented.
  • The Public land act

    The Public land act
    The public land act is passed. Land can be sold to the public in minimum of 640 acres at $2 per acre of credit.
  • Iron Plow

    Iron Plow
    The first cast-iron plow is invented by Charles Newbold.
  • New land act

    New land act
    New land act passed. Purchasers can now buy as low as 80 acres of land for $1.50 per acre. The credit system was eliminated.
  • Plows

    Plows faced with steel saw blades start to be manufactured by John Lane
  • Population

    Farmers makes up 69% of the population now
  • Preemptive rights

    Preemptive rights
    Preemptive rights gave squatters first rights to buy land
  • Grain elevator

    Grain elevator
    The first grain elevator is invented in Buffalo, NY
  • Chemicals

    Chemical fertilizer mixtures began to start being sold commercialy
  • Praire Farming

    Praire Farming
    Succesful farming starts to begin in the praires. The gold rush caused more railroads to be created and further expanded farming. Pershiable goods were able to be sent further without going bad.
  • Graduation act

    Graduation act
    The graduation act reduced the price of unsold public land.
  • Homestead act

    Homestead act
    The homestead act was passed. This would award 160 acres of land to a person who had worked it for 5 years.
  • Period: to

    Sharecropping System

    Sharecropping sytem replaced the old style salvery system
  • Period: to

    Cattle Boom

    Cattle boom increased the settle of the great plains. This also caused wars to break out between farmers and ranchers.
  • Population

    Farmers now made up 49% of the population
  • Period: to


    Most imigrants at this point were from southeastern Europe
  • Census

    A census at the time showed that frontier settlement was over. The combine also came into play. This reduced the ammount of work one person could do from 37 hours to 6.5 hours. Vastly increasing the farming production.
  • Population

    Farmers no made up about 27% of the population
  • Immigration act

    Immigration act
    The imigration act greatly reduced the number of imigrants coming into the country
  • Period: to


    Droughts and dust-bowls began to develop
  • Population

    Farmers now only made up 16% of the population but with increased production and machinery farmers were producing more foor than ever before.
  • State legislation

    State legislation
    State legislation increased to keep land in farming
  • Population

    The ammount of farmers in the population got as low as 6.4%
  • Genetics

    Genetic modification was discovered. We are now able to make plants more resistant grow faster and, grow larger.
  • Immigration

    Japanese and European began to buy large areas of land for ranches and farming.
  • Southeast droughts

    Southeast droughts
    The southeats worst summ drought ever. This had huge negative affects on many farmers.
  • Global Warming

    Global Warming
    Scientists claim the global warming could have huge affects on american farming. Also one of the worst droughts ever on midwestern farmers.