Expansion of Islam

  • Jan 1, 632

    Mohammed's death

    Mohammed died in Mecca
  • Period: Sep 2, 632 to Sep 2, 661

    The Rightly Guided Caliphs

    The first four caliphs are known as the Rightly Guided Caliphs. Three of them were murdered.
  • Period: Sep 2, 750 to Sep 2, 1055

    The Caliphate of the Abbasids

    After a civil war the Abbasid famimly came to power. Abu'l Abbas became the first Abbasid caliph. Arabic language became the official language in all countries in the Islamic Empire. they made Iraq the centre of the empire. Baghda became the new capital in 763 before being destroyed in 1258
  • Sep 2, 1091

    Baghdad made capital again

    The Caliphate of the Seldjuks made Baghdad the capital of the empire again.
  • Sep 2, 1096

    First Crusadde

    Pope Urban began te first crusade during 1906
  • Sep 2, 1118

    Seldjuk empire had broken into small states

    by 1118, the Seldjuk Empire had broken up, creating small states.
  • Period: Sep 2, 1171 to Sep 2, 1193

    Saladin's rule

    Between 1171-93 saladin ruled the Islamic Empire
  • Period: Sep 2, 1258 to Sep 2, 1517

    The Mamluks

    gtribes from Central Asia invaded the Islamic world. In 1258 Baghdad was destroyed by Hulegu. The centre of Islamic life moved out of Iraq to Damascus in Syria and Cairo in Egypt.