Evolution of the School Library

  • 1st school library plan

    Benjamin Franklin includes a library in plans for his academy.
  • Period: to

    Early legislation is passed.

    Between 1835-1879, 19 states had passed some sort of law designed to promote public school libraries by allocating funds to build collections.
  • Birth date of the modern American library movement

    The American Library Association (ALA) was created by librarians.

    First issue of "Library Journal" was published.
    An extensive report titled: "Public Libraries in the United States of America: Their History, Condition, and Management" was issued by the U.S. Bureau of Education.
  • Bill drafted by Melvil Dewey and Andrew Draper

    The bill was passed in 1892 and it allowed for the growth of school libraries in New York State and served as a model for library legislation in other states.
  • School Libraries Division is formed.

    New York Sate formed it School Libraries Division within the Department of Public Instruction.
  • National Education Association creates library section.

    The National Education Association (NEA) created its Library Section due to work done by John Cotton Dana (then the president of the ALA) and Melvil Dewey.
  • New York Department of Education issues library standard.

    A tentative standard was issued for libraries in elementary schools for the first time.
  • 1st graduate of a library school in the US

    Served as an employee in Eramus Hall His School in New York City as the school librarian.
  • ALA founds School Library Section

    The ALA created a committee to cooperate with NEA's Library section by founding its own School Library Section.
  • Equal status with teachers in position and salary

    New York's board of education adopted regulations that made salaries of qualified high school librarians comparable to those of teachers and also recommended that prospective librarians should be graduates of a one-year course in an approved library school.
  • New curriculum structures emerged

    The Winnetka Plan, the Dalton (Massachusett) Plan, and many others grew from the influence of John Dewey and his progressive education movement that emphasized the need in schools for a variety of educational materials which resulted in growth of school libraries.
  • The Certain report is approved

    The Certain report created the first national school library standards for secondary schools and provided an evaluation tool for libraries
  • A second Certain report is published

    Created the first standards for Elementary school libraries
  • 2nd set of standards are published

    "School Libraries for Today and Tomorrow" is developed by the ALA Committee. These standards reflect a progressive and forward-looking view concerning the role of the school library.
  • New set of national standards are published

    The "Standards for School Library Programs" were developed by the AASL and published but the ALA. Made an impact on development and expansion of state and local standards
  • Period: to

    The decade of the 1960s

    It is considered one of the greatest periods of school library growth.
  • Increased funding from federal sources

    the National Defense Education Act of 1958, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act in 1965 provided more funds for school library development
  • First Joint Standards are produced

    The first joint standards called "Standards for School Media Programs" are developed by AASL & DAVI and they stressed the necessity of unified media programs administered through a school library media center.
  • Media Programs: District and School is published

    resulting document of two joint task forces that were created by the AASL and the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT), placed emphasis on the media center's role in planning and executing the school's instructional program instead of being a passive support service
  • White House Conference

    the first White House Conference on Library and Information Science was held in Washington which resulted in 64 recommendations that ranged from the passage of a national library act to the guarantee of adequate media services in each public school
  • Pico vs. Island Trees Supreme Court case

    the Court limited the power of public school officials to remove books simply because they found them objectionable.
  • Information Power is written

    the result of an alliance between AECT and AASL, "Information Power: Guidelines for School Library Programs" was published. It was designed to be a guideline for quality school media programs and focused on the definition of the roles of school media specialists and the redefinition of the mission of the school media program as it relates to physical and intellectual access to information utilizing technology.
  • Period: to

    Decade of the 1990s

    The 1990s were a period of rapid technological growth for school media centers. At the end of the decade, the majority of school media centers were automated and Internet access was commonplace.
  • 2nd White House Conference held

    The second White House Conference on Library and Information Services was held on July 9-13, 1991 by the NCLIS in Washington DC. Total attendance was 2,000 and 97 recommendations were drafted.
  • Information Power

    standards that focus on information literacy skills
  • AASL Task Force formed

    an AASL Task Force for the Recruitment of Media Specialists to the profession was formed address the expected gap in people to fill jobs in the field.
  • CIPA upheld by supreme court

    The Children's Internet Protection Act was upheld by the Supreme Court in June 23, 2003. It requires schools receiving federal funding to install blocking filter software on all online workstations.
  • National Library Legislative Day

    approximately 525 participants from 47 states came to Washington, DC to talk to congresspeople about library issues
  • Standards for the 21st-Century Learner

    Book launched at the AASL Conference which focuses on the learning process rather than information literacy skills
  • Learning4Life

    Book published for the purpose of implementing a national plan to launch the learning standards and the guidelines by identifying key audiences to address, communication strategies to gather feedback, and ways to evaluate or sustain the process.
  • Standards for the 21st-Century Learner in Action

    includes indicators, benchmarks, models, and assessments to support the first book.
  • Empowering Learners: Guidelines for School Library Media Programs

    book that covers more aspects of the library media program and is designed to be a guideline for media specialists to follow in the future