Ancient Egypt's Timeline

  • 2700 BCE

    The Pyramid of Djoser

    The Pyramid of Djoser
    Around 2700 BC The Pyramid of Djoser or The Step Pyramid was built built by Djoser subjects. It is located in Memphis. Djoser was the last pharaoh of the 3rd Dynasty.
  • Period: 2700 BCE to 2200 BCE

    Old Kingdom

    This period is when the dynasties 3-6 took place, the Pyramids of Giza were built, the Sphinx was built and more.
  • 2600 BCE

    The Great Pyramid of Giza

    This pyramid was built in Giza by Khufu of the 4th Dynasty. It is the largest pyramid in the world and today is one of the 7 wonders of the world.
  • 2500 BCE

    The Sphinx

    This structure was built in Giza during the rule of Khafre. The Sphinx was built around 2558 BC - 2532 BC.
  • 2400 BCE

    The First Pyramid Texts

    Found in Unas's pyramid, were the first ever words inscribed in a pyramid. They are also the earliest funeral and religious text.
  • 2200 BCE

    End of the Old Kingdom

    The Old Kingdom ended with the first illness, poor harvest, warfare, and lawlessness occurred. The people lost faith in the pharaohs because they thought this was happening because the gods were angry with them.
  • Period: 2080 BCE to 1640 BCE

    Middle Kingdom

    Stability was restored and the pharaohs were brought back to power. They tried to keep the people happy, encouraged trade and built some of cool inventions
  • 2041 BCE

    The Unison of Upper and Lower Egypt

    Mentuhotep II was a pharaoh. He was known as the father of the Middle Kingdom because he brought Upper and Lower Egypt together.
  • 1991 BCE

    Amenemhet I

    Amenemhet I
    He was the first king of the 12th dynasty. During his reign, he built a wall that strengthened Egypt's defenses against Asia.
  • 1991 BCE

    Nubian Army

    From the 12th dynasty and onward the Egyptians had an army ready encase of invasion. Amenemhet I was the one responsible for its begining.
  • 1950 BCE

    Akhmim Wooden Tablets

    These 2 wooden tablets contained arithmetic problems on them. The problems were called Hekat.
  • 1640 BCE

    End of the Middle Kingdom

    The second illness occurred and the Egyptian were invaded by the Hyksos which took over Egypt.
  • Period: 1570 BCE to 1075 BCE

    The New Kingdom

    During this time Egypt started to invade other places around it to avoid getting invaded.
  • 1479 BCE

    Queen Hatshepsut

    Queen Hatshepsut
    She was the daughter of the great king Thutmose I. She was the first female pharaoh. She reign from 1479-1458. then her successor Thutmose III took the throne. She reigned with/for him until he was old enough to rule, since he was only two when he took the throne.
  • 1479 BCE

    King Thutmose III

    Starting at his rule the term pharaoh began to be used as the for whoever was king. During his reign he conquered 350 cities. Historians consider him to be a military genius. He conquered most of the Near East, the Euphrates, and Nubia. He reigned from 1479-1425 BC.
  • 1353 BCE

    King Akhenaten

    His name was originally Amenhotep IV but he changed it to Akhenaten to honor the Aten, sun god. He tried to convert Egypt to monotheism, but it only lasted until the end of his reign. Which was around 1334 BC.
  • 1075 BCE

    End of the New Kingdom

    Ramses III was the last king of the of the new kingdom. The Sea People attacked the Egyptian, but Ramses defeated them. However, their resources declined from this and caused them to loose influence and after the death of Ramses III the whole kingdom collapsed.
  • Period: 664 BCE to 332 BCE

    The Late Period

    During this time Egypt lost most of it resource and territory. However, Egypt still had some good advancements during this period.
  • 663 BCE

    The Sack of Thebes

    This was when the Neo-Assyrian Empire were at war with Egypt during the Assyrian Conquest. The Assyrians attacked, plundered, and conquered Thebes.
  • 525 BCE

    The Battle of Pelusium

    The Battle of Pelusium
    This was the first major battle against the Achaemenid Empire. The Achaemenid Empire aka Persians won the battle and took the throne from Egypt. This was the beginning of Persian rule in Egypt.
  • 450 BCE

    The Brooklyn Papyrus

    This papyrus contained medical and magical treatment for snakebites. This papyrus was created around 450 BC.
  • 332 BCE

    End of the Late Period

    The Late Period ended with the Greeks taking over Egypt because of the Persians surrendered. Thus the beginning of Hellenistic rule in Egypt and ending the Late Period.