computer history timeline-cierra jamison

  • Period: Sep 13, 700 to

    Computer History Timeline – cierra jamison

  • Sep 13, 724

    Liang Ling-Can:

    Liang Ling-Can:
    Can invents the first fully mechanical clock
  • Sep 13, 1492

    Leonardo da Vinci:

    Leonardo da Vinci:
    Drawings by Leonardo da Vinci depict inventions such as flying machines, including a helicopter, the first mechanical calculator and one of the first programmable robots
  • John Napier:

    John Napier:
    John Napier invents a system of moveable rods (Napier's Rods) based on logarithms which was able to multiply, divide and calculate square and cube roots
  • William Oughtred:

    William Oughtred:
    William Oughtred develops slide rules
  • Calculating Clock:

    Calculating Clock:
    Calculating Clock: Invented by Wilhelm Schickard
  • Blaise Pascal:

    Blaise Pascal:
    Blaise Pascal invents the the "Pascaline", a mechanical adding machine
  • Gottfried Leibniz:

    Gottfried Leibniz:
    Gottfried Leibniz is known as one of the founding fathers of calculus
  • Joseph-Marie Jacquard:

    Joseph-Marie Jacquard:
    Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents an automatic loom controlled by punched cards
  • Arithmometer:

    Arithmometer:
    The Arithmometer was the first mass-produced cal
  • Charles Babbage:

    Charles Babbage:
    Charles Babbage designs his first mechanical computer
  • Analytical Engine:

    Analytical Engine:
    The Analytical Engine was invented by Charles Babbage
  • Morse code:

    Morse code:
    Samuel Morse invents Morse code
  • Boolean algebra:

    Boolean algebra:
    Boolean algebra is invented by George Boole
  • Tabulating Machine:

    Tabulating Machine:
    Per Georg Scheutz and his son Edvard invent the Tabulating Machine
  • William Stanley Jevons:

    William Stanley Jevons:
    William Stanley Jevons designs a practical logic machine
  • Ramon Verea:

    Ramon Verea:
    Ramon Verea invents a fast calculator with an internal multiplication table
  • Alexander Graham Bell:

    Alexander Graham Bell:
    Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone called the Photophone
  • Comptometer: Comptometer:

    Comptometer: Comptometer:
    The Comptometer is an invention of Dorr E. Felt which is operated by pressing keys
  • Herman Hollerith:

    Herman Hollerith:
    Herman Hollerith invents a counting machine which increment mechanical counters
  • Guglielmo Marconi:

    Guglielmo Marconi:
    Radio signals were invented by Guglielmo Marconi
  • Tabulating Machine Company:

    Tabulating Machine Company:
    Herman Hollerith forms the Tabulating Machine Company which later becomes IBM
  • Nikola Tesla:

    Nikola Tesla:
    Remote control was invented by Nikola Tesla
  • Lee De Forest:

    Lee De Forest:
    Lee De Forest invents the electronic tube
  • IBM:

    IBM:
    IBM is formed on June 15, 1911
  • Philo Farnsworth:

    Philo Farnsworth:
    Television Electronic was invented by Philo Farnsworth
  • John Logie Baird: nvented by John Logie Baird

    John Logie Baird:  nvented by John Logie Baird
    Electro Mechanical television system was invented by John Logie Baird
  • Walther Bothe:

    Walther Bothe:
    Walther Bothe develops the logic gate
  • Vannevar Bush:

    Vannevar Bush:
    Vannevar Bush develops a partly electronic Difference Engine
  • Kurt Godel:

    Kurt Godel:
    Kurt Godel publishes a paper on the use of a universal formal language
  • Alan Turing: Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine

    Alan Turing: Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine
    Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine
  • Konrad Zuse:

    Konrad Zuse:
    Konrad Zuse creates the Z1 Computer a binary digital computer using punch tape
  • George Stibitz:

    George Stibitz:
    George Stibitz develops the Complex Number Calculator - a foundation for digital computers
  • Hewlett Packard:

    Hewlett Packard:
    William Hewlett and David Packard start Hewlett Packard
  • John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry:

    John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry:
    John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry develop the ABC (Atanasoft-Berry Computer) prototype
  • Enigma: Enigma:

    Enigma: Adolf Hitler uses the Enigma encryption machine
  • Colossus:

    Alan Turing develops the the code-breaking machine Colossus
  • Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper:

    Howard Aiken and Grace Hopper designed the MARK series of computers at Harvard University
  • ENIAC:

    John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly: John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly develop the ENIAC ( Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer)
  • Computer Bug: as first used by Grace Hopper

    The term computer ‘bug’ as computer bug was first used by Grace Hopper
  • F.C. Williams: be (CRT) storing device the forerunner to random-access memory (RAM)

    F.C. Williams develops his cathode-ray tube (CRT) storing device the forerunner to random-access memory (RAM)
  • Pilot ACE:

    Pilot ACE:
    Donald Watts Davies joins Alan Turing to build the fastest digital computer in England at the time, the Pilot ACE
  • William Shockley:

    William Shockley:
    William Shockley invents the transistor at Bell Labs
  • Douglas Engelbart:

    Douglas Engelbart:
    Douglas Engelbart theorises on interactive computing with keyboard and screen display instead of on punchcards
  • Andrew Donald Booth:

    Andrew Donald Booth invents magnetic drum memory
  • Frederic Calland Williams & Tom Kilburn:

    Frederic Calland Williams  & Tom Kilburn:
    Frederic Calland Williams & Tom Kilburn develop the SSEM "Small Scale Experimental Machine" digital CRT storage which was soon nicknamed the "Baby"
  • Claude Shannon:

    Claude Shannon builds the first machine that plays chess
  • Howard Aiken:

    Howard Aiken develops the Harvard-MARK III
  • Hideo Yamachito: The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito

    Hideo Yamachito: The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito
    The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito
  • Alan Turing:

    Alan Turing:
    Alan Turing publishes his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence which helps create the Turing Test.
  • LEO: T. Raymond Thompson and John Simmons develop the first business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) at Lyons Co

    T. Raymond Thompson and John Simmons develop the first business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) at Lyons Co
  • UNIVAC:

    UNIVAC:
    UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was introduced - the first commercial computer made in the United States and designed principally by John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
  • EDVAC:

    EDVAC:
    The EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) begins performing basic tasks. Unlike the ENIAC, it was binary rather than decimal
  • The IBM 701 becomes available and a total of 19 are sold to the scientific community.

    The IBM 701 becomes available and a total of 19 are sold to the scientific community.
    The IBM 701 becomes available and a total of 19 are sold to the scientific community.
  • John Backus & IBM:

    John Backus & IBM:
    John Backus & IBM develop the FORTRAN Computer Programming Language
  • Bell Labs introduces its first transistor computer.

    Bell Labs introduces its first transistor computer.
    Bell Labs introduces its first transistor computer.
  • Optical fiber was invented by Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss

    Optical fiber was invented by  Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss
    Optical fiber was invented by Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss
  • Sputnik I and Sputnik II:

    Sputnik I and Sputnik II are launched by the Russians
  • ARPA

    (Advanced Research Projects Agency) and NASA is formed
  • Silicon chip:

    The first integrated circuit, or silicon chip, is produced by the US Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
  • Paul Baran:

    Paul Baran theorises on the "survivability of communication systems under nuclear attack", digital technology and symbiosis between humans and machines
  • COBOL:

    The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language is invented.
  • Unimate:

    General Motors puts the first industrial robot, Unimate, to work in a New Jersey factory.
  • The first computer game:

    The first computer game Spacewar Computer Game invented BY Steve Russell & MIT
  • The first computer game: The first computer game Spacewar Computer Game invented BY Steve Russell & MIT

    The first computer game Spacewar Computer Game invented BY Steve Russell & MIT
  • The Computer Mouse:

    Douglas Engelbart invents and patents the first computer mouse (nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end)
  • The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is developed to standardize data exchange among computers.

    The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is developed to standardize data exchange among computers.
  • Word processor:

    Word processor:
    IBM introduces the first word processor BASIC: John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Language (BASIC)
  • Hypertext:

    Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson coin the term "hypertext"
  • Floppy Disk:

    Floppy Disk:
    IBM creates the first floppy disk
  • Seymour Cray:

    Seymour Cray develops the CDC 7600, the first supercomputer
  • Gary Starkweather:

    Gary Starkweather invents the laser printer whilst working with Xerox
  • ARPANET:

    The U.S. Department of Defense sets up the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET ) this network was the first building blocks to what the internet is today but originally with the intention of creating a computer network that could withstand any type of disaster.
  • RAM:

    Intel introduces the world's first available dynamic RAM ( random-access memory) chip and the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004.
  • E-mail:

    E-mail was invented by Ray Tomlinson
  • Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ):

    Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ) was invented by James Fergason
  • Pocket calculator:

    Pocket calculator was invented by Sharp Corporation
  • Floppy Disk:

    Floppy Disk was invented by David Noble with IBM - Nicknamed the "Floppy" for its flexibility
  • First Video Game:

    First Video Game:
    Atari releases Pong, the first commercial video game
  • The CD:

    The compact disc is invented in the United States.
  • Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs:

    Robert Metcalfe creates the Ethernet, a local-area network (LAN) protocol
  • Personal computer:

    The minicomputer Xerox Alto (1973) was a landmark step in the development of personal computers
  • Gateways:

    Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn develop gateway routing computers to negotiate between the various national networks
  • SQL:

    IBM develops SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language ) now known as SQL
  • WYSIWYG:

    Charles Simonyi coins the term WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) to describe the ability of being able to display a file or document exactly how it is going to be printed or viewed
  • Portable computers:

    Altair produces the first portable computer
  • Microsoft Corporation:

    The Microsoft Corporation was founded April 4, 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800
  • Apple:

    Apple Computers was founded Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs
  • Apple Computer’s Apple II, the first personal computer with color graphics, is demonstrated

    Apple Computer’s Apple II, the first personal computer with color graphics, is demonstrated
  • MODEM:

    Ward Christensen writes the programme "MODEM" allowing two microcomputers to exchange files with each other over a phone line
  • Magnetic tape:

    The first magnetic tape is developed in the US
  • Over half a million computers are in use in the United States.

    Over half a million computers are in use in the United States.
  • Paul Allen and Bill Gates:

    IBM hires Paul Allen and Bill Gates to create an operating system for a new PC. They buy the rights to a simple operating system
  • Microsoft:

    MS-DOS Computer Operating System incre
  • WordPerfect:

    WordPerfect Corporation introduces WordPerfect 1.0 a word processing program
  • Commodore 64:

    The Commodore 64 becomes the best-selling computer of all time.
  • SMTP:

    SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is introduced
  • Domain Name System (DNS):

    Domain Name System (DNS) pioneered by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge. Seven 'top-level' domain names are initially introduced: edu, com, gov, mil, net, org and int
  • Windows:

    Microsoft Windows introduced eliminating the need for a user to have to type each command, like MS-DOS, by using a mouse to navigate through drop-down menus, tabs and icons
  • Apple Macintosh:

    Apple introduces the Macintosh with mouse and window interface
  • Cyberspace:

    William Gibson coins the word cyberspace when he publishes Neuromancer
  • Paul Brainard:

    Paul Brainard introduces Pagemaker for the Macintosh creating the desktop publishing field.
  • Nintendo:

    The Nintendo Entertainment System makes its debut
  • Microsoft introduces Microsoft Works

    Microsoft introduces Microsoft Works
  • Perl:

    Larry Wall introduces Perl 1.0
  • Larry Wall introduces Perl 1.0

    Larry Wall introduces Perl 1.0
  • The Internet, World Wide Web & Tim Berners-Lee:

    Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau propose a 'hypertext' system starting the modern Internet Microsoft and IBM stop working together to develop operating systems
  • The World Wide Web:

    The World Wide Web is launched to the public on August 6, 1991
  • At the beginning of the year only 50 World Wide Web servers are known to exist

    At the beginning of the year only 50 World Wide Web servers are known to exist
  • 1994 The World Wide Web Consortium is founded by Tim Berners-Lee to help with the development of common protocols for the evolution of the World Wide Web YAHOO: YAHOO is created in April, 1994.

    1994 The World Wide Web Consortium is founded by Tim Berners-Lee to help with the development of common protocols for the evolution of the World Wide Web
    YAHOO: YAHOO is created in April, 1994.
  • Java:

    Java is introduced
  • Amazon:

    Amazon.com is founded by Jeff Bezos
  • EBay:

    EBay is founded by Pierre Omidyar
  • Hotmail:

    Hotmail is started by Jack Smith and Sabeer Bhatia.
  • WebTV:

    WebTV is introduced
  • Altavista introduces its free online translator Babel Fish

    Altavista introduces its free online translator Babel Fish
  • Google:

    Google is founded by Sergey Brin and Larry Page on September 7, 1998
  • PayPal is founded by Peter Thiel and Max Levchin

    PayPal is founded by Peter Thiel and Max Levchin
  • Xbox:

    Bill Gates introduces the Xbox on January 7th 2001.
  • Approximately 1 billion PCs been sold PayPal is acquired by eBay

    Approximately 1 billion PCs been sold
    PayPal is acquired by eBay
  • September 12: eBay acquires Skype

    September 12: eBay acquires Skype
  • Skype announces that it has over 100 million registered users

    Skype announces that it has over 100 million registered users