Georgiahistory2

Comparative Timeline

  • (US) James Olgethorpe and 130 English colonists arrive at Charleston, South Carolina.

    (US) James Olgethorpe and 130 English colonists arrive at Charleston, South Carolina.
  • (GA) Georgia Founded by James Olgethorpe at the site of Savannah

    (GA) Georgia Founded by James Olgethorpe at the site of Savannah
    “Georgia: A Brief History,” it explained the founding of Georgia in Savannah on page 15, “Olgethorpe returned with his colonists on this date and set them to work laying out town lots constructing Savannah’s first houses. Families were assigned lots of sixty by ninety feet for their town dwellings, a five-acre garden plot on the edge of the settlement, and a forty-five-acre farm plot in the surrounding countryside.” This event is important to Georgia's history because it defines, "Georgia Day."
  • (GA) The Battle of Kettle Creek Occurred

    (GA) The Battle of Kettle Creek Occurred
    The, “GeorgiaInfo,” resource described the Battle of Kettle Creek, “Georgia and South Carolina Patriots, under the leadership of Elijah Clarke, defeated the British Loyalists at the Battle of Kettle Creek. While it was not a large military operation, the victory did help secure support for the Patriot cause."” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the battle helped solidify the resistance to the British in the Georgia back country.
  • (US) During the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Stono Ferry was fought near Charleston, South Carolina.

    (US) During the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Stono Ferry was fought near Charleston, South Carolina.
  • (US) The Treaty of Tellico was signed.

    (US) The Treaty of Tellico was signed.
  • (GA) The Treaty of Washington was signed

    (GA) The Treaty of Washington was signed
    The, “GeorgiaInfo,” resource stated the treaty, “was signed with the Creek Indians; it extended Georgia land westward to the Ocmulgee River and gave the federal government permission to build a road through Creek territory.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the treaty then resulted with the creation of the Old Federal Road on the horse path from the Ocmulgee River. This led tensions and conflict with the Creeks. The conflict resulted in their removal.
  • (GA) The Battle of Davis’s Cross Roads occurred.

    (GA) The Battle of Davis’s Cross Roads occurred.
    The, “National Parks Services,” resource explained the Battle of Davis’s Cross Roads, “After the Tullahoma Campaign, Rosecrans renewed his offensive, aiming to force the Rebels out of Chattanooga. The three corps comprising Rosecrans’s army split and set out for Chattanooga by separate routes." This event is important to Georgia’s history because the battle resulted in a strategic union victory.
  • (US) The Battle of Bayou Fourche in Arkansas occurred.

    (US) The Battle of Bayou Fourche in Arkansas occurred.
  • (US) The Chattanooga Campaign in Tennessee occurred.

    (US) The Chattanooga Campaign in Tennessee occurred.
  • (GA) The Battle of Lookout Mountain occurred.

    (GA) The Battle of Lookout Mountain occurred.
    This event is important to Georgia’s history stated in resource, “GeorgiaInfo,” as, “Union forces launched an assault up the moutain’s steep slopes. During the battle (also known as the Battle Above the Clouds), there was fierce fighting by both sides. However, by nightfall, Union troops had taken the northern crest of the long plateau that extends southward into Georgia.”
  • (GA) The Battle of Ringgold Gap occurred.

    (GA) The Battle of Ringgold Gap occurred.
    The, “National Parks Services,” explained, “Following the Union victory at Missionary Ridge and the Rebel retreat, Yankee troops set out in pursuit. Maj. Gen. Patrick Cleburne’s command fell back to Ringgold Gap where the Western & Atlantic Railroad passed through Taylor’s Ridge. Maj. Gen. Joseph B. Hooker sent his force forward to seize the ridge, which it failed to do after five hours of heavy fighting.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the battle was confederate victory.
  • (US) The Battle of Mine Run in Virginia occurred.

    (US) The Battle of Mine Run in Virginia occurred.
  • (GA) The Battle of Rocky Face Ridge occurred.

    (GA) The Battle of Rocky Face Ridge occurred.
    The, “National Parks Services,” resource described, “Gen. Joseph E. Johnston had entrenched his army on the long, high mountain of Rocky Face Ridge and eastward across Crow Valley. As Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman approached, he decided to demonstrate against the position with two columns while he sent a third one through Snake Creek Gap, to the right, to hit the Western & Atlantic Railroad at Resaca.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because it was a union victory.
  • (US) The Battle of Port Walthall Junction in Virginia occurred.

    (US) The Battle of Port Walthall Junction in Virginia occurred.
  • (GA) The Battle of Resaca occurred.

    (GA) The Battle of Resaca occurred.
    The, “National Parks Services,” explained, “Union troops were generally repulsed except on the Rebel right flank where Sherman did not fully exploit his advantage. On the 15th, the battle continued with no advantage to either side until Sherman sent a force across the Oostanula River, at Lay’s Ferry, towards Johnston’s railroad supply line. Unable to halt this Union movement, Johnston was forced to retire.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the battle resulted as inconclusive.
  • (US) The Battle of New Market in Virginia occurred.

    (US) The Battle of New Market in Virginia occurred.
  • (GA) The Battle of Adairsville occurred

    (GA) The Battle of Adairsville occurred
    The, “National Parks Services,” stated, “On the 17th, skirmish fire continued throughout the day and into the early evening. Maj. Gen. O.O. Howard’s IV Corps ran into entrenched infantry of Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee’ s corps, while advancing, about two miles north of Adairsville.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the battle had a rare result of the confederate delaying action that allowed Johnston to bait a trap at Cassville.
  • (US) The Battle of Yellow Bayou in Louisiana occurred.

    (US) The Battle of Yellow Bayou in Louisiana occurred.
  • (US) The Battle of Wilson’s Wharf in Virginia occurred.

    (US) The Battle of Wilson’s Wharf in Virginia occurred.
  • (GA) The Battle of New Hope Church occurred

    (GA) The Battle of New Hope Church occurred
    The, “National Parks Services,” resource explained the Battle of New Hope Church, “After Johnston retreated to Allatoona Pass on May 19-20, Sherman decided that he would most likely pay dearly for attacking Johnston there, so he determined to move around Johnston’s left flank and steal a march toward Dallas. Johnston anticipated Sherman’s move and met the Union forces at New Hope Church.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the battle resulted in a confederate victory.
  • (GA) The Battle of Pickett’s Mill occurred.

    (GA) The Battle of Pickett’s Mill occurred.
    The, “National Parks Services,” resource described, “After the Union defeat at New Hope Church, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman ordered Maj. Gen. O.O. Howard to attack Gen. Joseph E. Johnston’ s seemingly exposed right flank. The Confederates were ready for the attack, which did not unfold as planned because supporting troops never appeared. The Rebels repulsed the attack causing high casualties.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the battle resulted in a confederate victory.
  • (US) The Battle of Haw’s Shop in Virginia occurred.

    (US) The Battle of Haw’s Shop in Virginia occurred.
  • (GA) The Battle of Dallas occurred.

    (GA) The Battle of Dallas occurred.
    The, “National Parks Services,” stated, “The Battle of Dallas occurred on May 28 when Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee’s corps probed the Union defensive line, held by Maj. Gen. John A. Logan’s Army of the Tennessee corps, to exploit any weakness or possible withdrawal. Fighting ensued at two different points, but the Rebels were repulsed, suffering high casualties.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the battle resulted in a union victory.
  • (US) The Battle of Totopotomoy Creek in Virginia occurred.

    (US) The Battle of Totopotomoy Creek in Virginia occurred.
  • (GA) The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain occurred.

    (GA) The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain occurred.
    The, “National Parks Services,” resource explained the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, “On the morning of June 27, Sherman sent his troops forward after an artillery bombardment. At first, they made some headway overrunning Confederate pickets south of the Burnt Hickory Road, but attacking an enemy that was dug in was futile. The fighting ended by noon, and Sherman suffered high casualties.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the battle resulted in a confederate victory.
  • (US) The Battle of Sappony Church in Virginia occurred.

    (US) The Battle of Sappony Church in Virginia occurred.
  • (GA) The Battle of Peachtree Creek occurred.

    (GA) The Battle of Peachtree Creek occurred.
    The, “National Parks Services,” described, “Sherman split his army into three columns for the assault on Atlanta with George H. Thomas’s Army of the Cumberland moving from the north. Johnston had decided to attack Thomas, but Confederate President Jefferson Davis relieved him of command and appointed John B. Hood to take his place. Hood attacked Thomas after his army crossed Peachtree Creek.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the battle resulted in a union victory.
  • (US) The Battle of Rutherford’s Farm in Virginia occurred.

    (US) The Battle of Rutherford’s Farm in Virginia occurred.
  • (GA) The Battle of Ezra Church occurred.

    (GA) The Battle of Ezra Church occurred.
    The, “National Parks Services,” resource stated the Battle of Ezra Church, “Thus, on the afternoon of July 28, the Rebels assaulted Howard at Ezra Church. Howard had anticipated such a thrust, entrenched one of his corps in the Confederates’ path, and repulsed the determined attack, inflicting numerous casualties. Howard, however, failed to cut the railroad.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the battle resulted in a union victory
  • (US) The Battle of Killdeer Mountain in Dakota Territory occurred.

    (US) The Battle of Killdeer Mountain in Dakota Territory occurred.
  • (GA) The Battle of Utoy Creek occurred.

    (GA) The Battle of Utoy Creek occurred.
    The, “National Parks Services,” stated, “The delay allowed the Rebels to strengthen their defenses with abatis, which slowed the Union attack when it restarted on the morning of the 6th. The Federals were repulsed with heavy losses by Bate’s Division and failed in an attempt to break the railroad. On the 7th, the Union troops moved toward the Confederate main line and entrenched.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the battle resulted of being an inconclusive victory.
  • (US) The Battle of Moorefield in West Virginia occurred.

    (US) The Battle of Moorefield in West Virginia occurred.
  • (GA) The Second Battle of Dalton occurred.

    (GA) The Second Battle of Dalton occurred.
    The, “National Parks Services,” stated, “In the late afternoon of August 14 and demanded the surrender of the garrison. The Union commander, Col. Bernard Laibolt, refused to surrender and fighting ensued. Greatly outnumbered, the Union garrison retired to fortifications on a hill outside the town where they successfully held out, although the attack continued until after midnight." This event is important to Georgia history because it resulted in a union victory as the confederates withdrawal.
  • (US) The Second Battle of Deep Bottom in Virginia occurred.

    (US) The Second Battle of Deep Bottom in Virginia occurred.
  • (GA) The Battle of Lovejoy’s Station occurred.

    (GA) The Battle of Lovejoy’s Station occurred.
    The, “National Parks Services,” stated, “On the 20th, they reached Lovejoy’s Station and began their destruction. Rebel infantry (Cleburne’s Division) appeared and the raiders were forced to fight into the night, finally fleeing to prevent encirclement.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the battle resulted in a confederate victory and even after the destruction of the track at Lovejoy’s Station, the railroad line bounced back in full operation just two days after.
  • (US) The Second Battle of Memphis in Tennessee occurred.

    (US) The Second Battle of Memphis in Tennessee occurred.
  • (GA) The Battle of Allatoona occurred

    (GA) The Battle of Allatoona occurred
    The, “National Parks Services,” stated, “Maj. Gen. Samuel G. French’s Confederate division arrived near Allatoona at sunrise on the 5th. After demanding a surrender and receiving a negative reply, French attacked. The Union outer line survived a sustained two and a half hour attack, but then fell back and regrouped in an earthen “Star” fort of Allatoona Pass.” This is important to Georgia’s history because it resulted in a union victory and sparked the Sherman’s March to the Sea to occur after.
  • (US) The Battle of Darbytown and New Market in Virginia occurred

    (US) The Battle of Darbytown and New Market in Virginia occurred
  • (GA) The Battle of Buck Head Creek occurred

    (GA) The Battle of Buck Head Creek occurred
    “National Parks Services,” stated, "Kilpatrick’s main force crossed the creek, one regiment, supported by artillery, fought a rearguard action severely punishing Wheeler and then burned the bridge behind them. Wheeler soon crossed and followed, but a Union brigade behind barricades at Reynolds’s Plantation halted the Rebels’ drive, eventually forcing them to retire.” This is important to Georgia’s history because it resulted in a union victory and marked the second battle of March to the Sea.
  • (US) The Battle of Spring Hill in Tennessee occurred.

    (US) The Battle of Spring Hill in Tennessee occurred.
  • (GA) The Battle of Waynesboro occurred.

    (GA) The Battle of Waynesboro occurred.
    “National Parks Services,” stated, “That morning Kilpatrick’s men advanced, driving the Rebel skirmishers in front of them. The Union force then came up against a defensive line of barricades which they eventually overran. As the Union advance continued, they met more barricades which required time to overcome. Finally, the Confederates fell back to a final line of barricades within the town.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because the it resulted in a union victory.
  • (US) The Third Battle of Murfreesboro in Tennessee occurred.

    (US) The Third Battle of Murfreesboro in Tennessee occurred.
  • (GA) Fulton Bag and Cotton Mill Company incorporated by Jacob Elsas located in Atlanta, Georgia.

    (GA) Fulton Bag and Cotton Mill Company incorporated by Jacob Elsas located in Atlanta, Georgia.
    “Georgia: A Brief History,” stated, “One of the most important industries in postwar Georgia was textiles. At the time of the Civil War, Georgia had 33 textile mills, but many were destroyed during the war, particularly during General Wilson’s raid in 1865. Rebuilding took some time, but by 1870 Georgia had 34 mills, in 1890 the state had 53, and by the turn of the century 75 mills operated in Georgia.” This event is important to the history in Georgia because it is an transformation example.
  • (US) Atherton Cotton Mill in Charlotte, North Carolina was built by Daniel A. Tompkins the second cotton mill in Charlotte, the mill began in a 1-story brick building that produced cotton yarn.

    (US) Atherton Cotton Mill in Charlotte, North Carolina was built by Daniel A. Tompkins the second cotton mill in Charlotte, the mill began in a 1-story brick building that produced cotton yarn.
  • (US) The New Deal: Executive Order 7034 creates the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in the United States.

    (US) The New Deal: Executive Order 7034 creates the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in the United States.
  • (GA) The Rural Electrification Administration was created.

    (GA) The Rural Electrification Administration was created.
    This event was important to Georgia’s history that was stated in the textbook, “Georgia: A Brief History,” on page 194, “One agency that had a great impact on the state was the Rural Electrification Administration (REA), a program created to bring electricity to rural America. This was badly needed in Georgia, as 97 percent of farmers in the state did not have electricity in 1935; by the end of River’s administration Georgia led the nation in REA cooperatives.”
  • (GA) The Macon Bus Boycott began.

    (GA) The Macon Bus Boycott began.
    “Georgia: A Brief History,” stated, “King, Albernathy, and the demonstrators were arrested; in a short time King and Abernathy permitted their bond to be posted. In February 1962, both were convicted if the charges from the march and returned to Albany in July 1962 for sentencing.” This event led to the bus boycott that took place in Macon, Georgia, and an African-American church was burned. This event is important to Georgia history in the Civil Rights Era and marked the eighth incident.
  • (US) In Jackson Mississippi, they city hosts the annual state fair, a major harvest festival. It is completely segregated, the first week is for "whites only," followed by 3 days for "colored." The NJYC calls on Blacks to boycott the "second-hand fair."

    (US) In Jackson Mississippi, they city hosts the annual state fair, a major harvest festival. It is completely segregated, the first week is for "whites only," followed by 3 days for "colored." The NJYC calls on Blacks to boycott the "second-hand fair."
  • (GA) The first lottery tickets were sold in Georgia.

    (GA) The first lottery tickets were sold in Georgia.
    The textbook, “Georgia: A Brief History,” explained on page 240, “The first lottery tickets were sold in June 1993, and three months later the first HOPE scholarship was awarded.” This event is important to Georgia’s history because this was one of Governor Miller’s most popular and successful measures. Continuing on page 240 it stated, “According to the Georgia Student Finance Commission, between September 1993 and June 2011 the program awarded 1,472,608 scholarships totaling $6 billion.”
  • (US) The legislation passed in Massachusetts that authorized the lottery to launch keno games.

    (US) The legislation passed in Massachusetts that authorized the lottery to launch keno games.