Georgia: Colonial Period

  • Period: to

    Georgia Colonial Events

  • Georgia recieved its official charter

    Georgia recieved its official charter
    They received it from the British Government. The charter specified Georgia's boundaries, its form of government, the power of its officials, and the rights of its settlers.
  • First Colonists Sail to Georgia

    James Oglethorpe and 114 settlers sailed from England on the ship Anne.
  • Georgia Day (Arrival)

    Colonists arrive at Yamacraw Bluff after negotiation with Tomochichi.
  • Georgia's First Settlement

    The first settlement was Savannah, named after for the nearby river.
  • James Oglethorpe returned to England

    Oglethorpe returned to England to talk to the trustees on Georgia's status, and with him he brought Tomochichi.
  • Oglethorpe sailed back to Georgia

    Oglethorpe and 257 new colonists sailed back to Georgia to build a second fort on St. Simons Island.
  • Fort Augusta

    Oglethorpe ordered Fort Augusta to be built on the Savannah river to control fair trade between the Native Americans.
  • Oglethorpe left Georgia to return to England

    He appealed to Parliament for money to fund the colony for another year.
  • Britain declared war on Spain

    Oglethorpe was ready to invade Florida and destroy the Spanish fortress at St. Augustine.
  • Oglethorpe led an invasion south into Florida

  • Several thousand Spanish soldiers appeared on the horizon

    Georgia's defenders were badly outnumbered and pulled back to Fort Frederica.
  • Battle of Bloody Marsh

    Georgian defenders took the enemy by surprise. Then they surprised them once more and mad the Spaniards retreat.
  • French and Indian War ends

    British parliament turns its attention to regulating the colonies in America.
  • Georgia's southern boundary is defined

  • Parliament passes the Stamp Act

    Colonists in North America are now required to pay taxes on printed papers and other items. The first tax applies equally to all colonies. To American Colonists, the Stamp act is a denial of their rights. The law was protested against, and in several colonies, stamp distributors were threatened and forced to resign.
  • Declaratory Act

    Parliament repeals the Stamp Act but instead passes the Declaratory Act, which says that Parliament has the right to tax the colonies.
  • Parlianment Passes Townshend Duties

    Townshend Duties levy taxes on colonists for imports of tea, glass, paper, lead, and paint
  • Boston Massacre

    British troops in Boston fire into a crowd of colonists, resulting in five deaths. The event was called "Boston Massacre" by the angry colonists.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Angry colonists protest the Tea Act by dumping more than three hundred chests of tea into the Boston Harbor.
  • The Intolerable Acts (The Coercive Acts)

    This includes the Boston Port Bill, prohibiting ships from loading or unloading in Boston until the city pays for the damages from the destruction of the tea in December 1773.
  • First Continental Congress

    They convened in Philadelphia with representatives from 12 colonies. Soon afterward, the continental Association, a non-importation agreement that will halt trade with Britain, is drafted and signed.
  • Royal Government in Georgia loses power, AMERICAN REVOLUTION BEGINS

  • The first battles of the Revolutionary War take place at Lexington and Concord

    The siege of Boston by American troops begins
  • New Reaches the American Colonies that King George has declared all the colonies in rebellion

  • Georgia Gov. Wright flees to Georgia

    The Patriots adopts a temporary constitution
  • Thomas Paine's pamphlet "Common Sense" is published

    It strongly influences the American colonists to favor independence from Great Britain
  • Georgia Signers Sign the Declaration of Independence

    Lyman Hall, George Walton, and Button Gwinnett sign Declaration of Independence
  • Declaration

    The Declaration of Independence was approved by Congress and America broke free from Britain.
  • Georgia adopts First State Constitution

  • General Washington leads troops across the Delaware River a second time, attacking a British force in Princeton.

  • The Articles of Confederation are approved by the Congress and sent to the states for ratification

  • General Washington's army settles in winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania

  • British capture Savannah, Governor James Wright comes back to Georgia

    Only city captured back to British hands
  • France joins Patriots fight against British

    They probably joined the Patriots because they were mad at the British for taking all their land in the French and Indian War.
  • Royal Government reestablished

  • Battle of Kettle Creek

    -Patriot Win
    -Morale Boost
    -Resupply of weapons
  • British Surrender to General Washington at Yorktown

  • Articles of Confederation ratified

  • Treaty of Paris

    -ends American Revolution
  • The Treaty of Paris is signed.

    They are negotiated by American Delegates John Adams, John Jay, and Ben Franklin
  • The U.S. Constitution is ratified and becomes law.

  • Georgia ratifies U.S. Constitution