History of Georgia Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1000


    The paleo used spears to hunt large animals. They hunted animals such as the mammoth, bison, the groud sloth and the sabor tooth tiger. The Paleo Indians originated about 12,000. They mainly stayed in groups and their main weapons were spears.
  • Jan 1, 1000


    They improved fishing. Deer, turkey, and bear is what they hunted. They traded the bowls to people in other regions for tools and utensils.
  • Jan 1, 1000


    They began to clear fields and plant and harvest crops. They planted crops like sunflowers, squash, gourds, beans, and maize, and early types of corn. Farming produced more than enough food for one season.
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    They had corn and beans and other harvest crops. They had axes. These fertile growing conditions allowed them to produce a new kind of corn from Mexico.
  • Mar 1, 1540

    Hernando de Soto

    Hernando de Soto
    De Soto and his crew brought many diseases. He died on the journey and didnt find any gold. They had no immunity. They captured and killed many natives making them resentful of future explororers. He died in Louisiana.
  • Charter of 1732 issued by King George 2

    Charter of 1732 issued by King George 2
    A charter is a legal document that grants special rights and privlages. The charter of 1732 states that all lands between Savannah and Altahama Rivers extending west to the Pacific Ocean to James Oglethorpe and the trustees. Trustees couldn't own land, hold office, or be given money for work. Blacks, liquor dealers, lawyers, and catholics weren't allowed. Trustees could only have authority for a limited time.
  • Highland Scotts Arrive

    Highland Scotts Arrive
    They were fat and red headed. They like to fight with people also. They had a fort called Fort King George but later renamed it. They were put on the New Colony borders to protect them from the Spanish and French colonies.
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    Henry Ellis

    Henry Ellis was the second founder of Georgia. He developed self-government, and also the first to develope counties in Georgia. Ellis developed a friendship with the Creek Nation. Poor health later forced him out of office.
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    James Wright

    James Wright was the third governor of Georgia. He was a very popular governor. Wright helped keep down the revolution after it started. He enforced the stamp in Georgia, which set off the revolution. He fled Georgia in 1776, but later returned in 1779 to Savannah.
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    American Revolution

    There were four causes to the American Revolution. The French and Indian War lasted 9 years, and the French were allies with the Indians. In the Proclamation of 1763 stated that the British prohibited settlement west of the Appalachain Mountains. During the Intolerable Acts they closed part of Boston until the tea was paid. The Declaration Of Independence stated reason the colony should be free from British rule.
  • Elijah Clarke and the Battle of Ketle Creek

    Elijah Clarke and the Battle of Ketle Creek
    Elijah Clarke led the troops at Kettle Creek and defeated a group of 800 British soldiers. The patriots took needed weapons and horses, and raised the spirits of the Georgia militia after the Battle of Kettle Creek. They named a county after him called Clarke County near Atherns, Georgia.
  • Austin Dabney

    Austin Dabney
    Austin Dabney was a freeborn mulato. A mulato is a mixed person. He was the first black to fight in the Revolution from Georgia. Dabney was injured in battle. He recieved land in Madison County for his service in the Georgia miltia.
  • Articles of Confederation ratified by all 13 states

    Articles of Confederation ratified by all 13 states
    The Articles of Confederation was an agreement among the 13 founding states as a confederation of the states and served as its first constitution. Its drafting began in mid-1776, and an approved version was sent to the states for ratification in late 1777. The formal ratification by all 13 states was completed in early 1781
  • Constitutional Convention of 1787

    Constitutional Convention of 1787
    The Constitutional Convention took place from May 25 to September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was to address problems in governing the United States of America, which had been operating under the Articles of Confederation following ndependence from Great Britain. James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, were to create a new government rather than fix the existing one.
  • Invention of the Cotton Gin

    Invention of the Cotton Gin
    The Cotton Gin is a machine that can seperate cotton from the seed very quickly. It was invented by Eli Whitney. Before, it took hundreds of man hours to clean cotton. After, there were 50 pounds of cotton cleaned daily. Th demand started to double each decade. With the production increasing, Georgia began to rely heavily on slave labor.
  • Yazoo Land Fraud

    Yazoo Land Fraud
    People were selling land that wasnt theirs or that didnt even exist. The legislature and governors were bribed into selling land also. They sold the land between the Mississippi River and Yazoo River to the private land companies. Georgia gave up claims to land in Mississippi and Alabama to repay the federal government as a penalty.
  • Salzburgers arrive

    Salzburgers arrive
    They're a charity.
  • Missouri Compromise

    The purpose was to maintain balance between free and slave states. Issue starting to divide the nation. Maine was admitted as a free state. Missouri was admitted as a slave state. The 3630 line was a border between free and slave states.
  • Dahlonega Gold Rush

    Dahlonega Gold Rush
    Gold was discovered in Dahlonega in the summer of 1829. The discovery of gold is what sped up the indian removal. There was a law that wouldnt allow Cherokee to speak to against a white male. Their land was put under state control. There was violence against the Cherokee. Indians had no rights to gold and lost homes, land, and legal rights.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The Indian Removal Act was passed during the presidency of Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830. The act allowed him to negotiate with the Indians for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in the exchange of their homelands. The act was strongly supported by non-native people of the South. Christian missionaries however, protested against it.
  • Worchester v. George

    Worchester v. George
    All whites living on Cheroke land were required to take on an oath of alligience to the governor. The missionaries refused, including Samuel Worchester, And took the case to the US Supreme Court. The president and governor refused to enforce the rolling.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    Many Indians died the first summer from diseases and starvaton. Some Cherokees arrive and hid in the North Carolina Mountains. The rest rounded up and moved out West.
  • Compromise of 1850

    The Compromise of 1850 was created to keep the balance of the states. California wanted to enter the Union. Many Georgians didn't agree with the plan. The constitutional Union party was formed to get Georgians to accept the compromise of 1850.
  • Georgia secedes from the union

    Georgia’s decision in 1861 to leave the United States had unintended consequences for all Georgians.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    The 15th Amendment granted black men the right to vote. It was ratified as the third and last of the Reconstructive Amendments. This amendment prohibits the governments from denying any citizen the right to vote based on their race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
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    World War I is also known as the First World War. It was initially called the Europeon War. More than 9 million combatants were killed. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history. There were two alliances; the Allies and Central Powers.
  • County Unit System

    County Unit System
    The County Unit Sysytem was established in 1917, when the Georgia Legislature passed the Neill Primary Act. The 159 counties of Georgia were divided by population into three categories. The largest 8 counties were classified as Urban, the next-largest 30 counties were classified as Town, the remaining 121 counties were classified as Rural. Urban counties were given 6 unit votes, Town counties recieved 4, and the Rural counties were given 2 unit votes.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    Black Tuesday was the most catastrphic stock market crash in the history of the United States. The price of stocks completely collapsed. This event led to the Great Depression. The banks were buying up the stocks in hopes to try to correct the problem. Everyone lost confiedence in the stock market and wanted out.
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    Great Depression

    The Great Depression was a hard time for many Americans. It was a severe worldwide economic depression. There were devasting effects to the country, to those both rich and poor. Cities all around the worls were hit hard.The negative effects of the Great Depression lasted until after the end of World War 2.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt Elected

    Franklin D. Roosevelt Elected
    The United States presidential election of 1932 was the 37th quadrennial presidential election. This election took place among the Great Depression. Roosevelt united all wings of his party. He repeatedly blamed Hoover for the Depression and bad economy. Franklin won by a landslide in both the electorial and popular vote for a Democratic nominee.
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    The Holocaust was a mass murder of approximately six million Jews during World War II by the Nazis. The leader was Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.
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    Mayor Hartsfield

    William Berry Hartsfield, Sr was an american politician who served as the 49th and 51st mayor of Atlanta. He was the longest serving of his native Atlanta. Hartsfield is credited with developing Atlanta's airport into a national aviation center and ensuring a good water supply with the completion of the Buford Dam.
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    World War II

    World War II is also known as the Second Wrold War, it was a global war. It involved majority of the world's nations. There were two sides: the allies and the axis powers. It was the most widespread war in history, and involved more than 100 million people, from more than 30 different countries.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    Pearl Harbor is a lagoon on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu. The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military attack by the Japanese Navy. This happened on the morning of December 7, 1941. This attack led to the United States joining WW2.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt dies in Warm Springs

    Franklin D. Roosevelt dies in Warm Springs
    Franklin D. Roosevelt passed away after four terms in office, leaving Haryy Truman as president. He died in Warm Springs, Georgia on a warm spring day. He was at the retreat with him mistress, two cousins, and his dog, while a artist was painting his portrait. It was around 1 p.m. when the president said he had a terrific pain in the back of his head then collapsed onto the ground unconsiously.
  • Brown vs. Board of Education

    Brown vs. Board of Education
    A black seven year old, named Linda Brown, tried to enroll in an all-white school. When her entry was denied, the NAACP helped her father sued the Topeka Board of Education. The case reached the Suprene Court. The court ordered racial integregation of schools.
  • 1956 State Flag

    1956 State Flag
    In 1955 John Sammons Bell began a campaign to substitute the square Confederate battle flag for the red and white bars on Georgia's state flag. He was also the Atlanta attorney and state Democratic Party leader.
  • Sibley Commission

    In 1960 governor Ernest Vandiver Jr. was forced to decide between closing public schools or to desegregate them. The committee was charged with gathering the state residents' thoughts n desegregating school and then reporting it back to the governor. The report issued by the Sibley Commission ended the resistance to desegregate schools.
  • First black students at the University of Georgia

    First black students at the University of Georgia
    In 1961, the desegregation of the UGA by Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter is considered a defining moment in history. It led to the desegregation of many other schools in the South. On Monday, January 9, the two students arrived on North Campus. There were riots and mobs because of the two being there. They were trying to withdraw them from UGA for the safety of everyone, but more than 400 faculty members disagreed and wanted them back.
  • Albany Movement

    Albany Movement
    The Albany Movement was a desegregation group formed in Albany, Georgia on November 17, 1961. It was started by local activists, the SNCC and the NAACP. The organization was led by William G. Anderson. In December of 1961 MLK, Jr and the SCLC became involved in the movement with protests against racial-segregation.
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    Mayor Allen

    Allen guided the city through the turbulence of racial integration without the violence. He served as governor of Atlanta for 8 years. Mayor Allen began a lifelong commitment to progress and service at Georgia Tech by serving as student body president.
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    The March on Washington

    Thousands of americans headed to Washington on Tuesday, August 27, 1963. The march on Washington was one of the largest political rallies for human Rights in the US history. On Wednesday, August 28, 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. stood in front of the Lincoln Memorial and gave his "I have a dream" speech in which he called for an end to racism. The march was organized by a group of civi rights, labor, and religious organizations. An estimate of 200,000 to 300,000 people came, 75-80% were black.
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    Maynard Jackson

    Maynard Jackson was born March 23, 1938 in Dallas, Texas, then later moved to Atlanta. He was elected mayor of Atlanta in 1973. He was the first black person to serve as mayor of a large southern city. Jackson served 8 years and returned for his 3rd term in 1990. He helped bring the Olympic Games to Atlanta.
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    Jimmy Carter as president

    Jimmy Carter was the 39th president and the only one from Georgia. He was born October 1, 1924 in Plains, Georgia. He won his party's nomination on the first ballot at the 1976 Democratic National Convention and was elected president on November 2, 1977. He campaigned Human Rights. throughout the world. Carter only served one term.
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    1996 Summer Olympic Games

    Atlanta hosted the 1996 Summer Olympic Games. This event was without a doubt the largest undetaking in the city's history. Preporations for the Games took more than 6 years.
  • Roosevelt's New Deal

    Roosevelt's New Deal
    The New Deal was a series of programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1936. Thee programs were in response to the Great Depression. The New Deal created a political realignment. This made the Democratic Party the majority. The Republicans were split with conservatives and liberals.
  • 13th Amandement

    13th Amandement
    The 13th amendment of the United States abolished slavery. It was passed by the senate on April 8, 1865. It was the first of the three Reconstruction Amendments adopted following the American Civil War.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The 14th Amendent was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments. The amendment adresses citizen rights and equal protection of the laws.