History of Georgia Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1000

    Paleo

    Paleo
    the paleo period existed akmost 12,000 years ago. To hunt, they used very large broad spears known as clovis point spears. they were nomads, meaning that they had no stationary home. they ate large game such as bison and mammoth. this is why their spears were so large. social habits are unknown, although we do know that they traveled in groups.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Archaic

  • Jan 1, 1000

    Woodland

  • Period: Jan 1, 1000 to

    Mississippian

  • Mar 1, 1540

    Hernando De Soto Enters Georgia

    hernando goes into georgia in search of gold. They came in contact with the natives. they captured and killed many natives. the spanish brought many diseases with them and the indians had no immunity to them. these diseases killed many of the indians as well.
  • Charter Issued by King George 11

    Charter Issued by King George 11
    a charter is a legal document stating ownership of land or property. This charter gave James Oglethorpe and his trustees ownership to the land between the savvanah and the athatma river extending west to the pacific ocean.
  • Georgia Founded by James Oglethorpe

    Georgia Founded by James Oglethorpe
    The colony of Georgia was officially founded on this date. James oglethorpe, the founder, and his trustees watched over this newly formed colony.
  • Highland Scotts

    Highland Scotts
    They were recruited to protect the colony. The big,burly, ruthess scotts were not afraid of trhe spanish. They were placed at the border with the spanish to keep the spanish from attacking because they were not afriad of the spanish like the english were.
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    John Reynolds

    John was the first royal governor of georgia. he was a weak governor because he resisted change and any challenge to authority. he did establish the court system in Georgia. many people were unhappy with the way he ran things in the colony.
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    Henry Ellis

    Henry Ellis was the sencond royal govorner of Georgia. he established self government. he was aquaintanced with the creek indians which helped geaorgia greatly during the french and indian war. he developed the first counties in Georgia. he had poor health which sadly, forced him out of office early.
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    James Wright

    James Wright was the third and last royal governor of Georgia. he was very popular and helped keep the revolution out of Georgia. he encouraged fronteir settlement, another reason he was so popular. he enforced the stamp act which was a very unpopular chioce with the settlers. he fled georgia in 1776 but returned in 1779
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    American Revolution

    the american revolution started for many reasons. these reasons are the french indian war, the proclomation od 1763, the intolerable acts. these are a few of the major reasons, although there are many more not just including georgia. georgia was fed up with paying rediculously large taxes. things that triggered the revolution in georgia are the boston tea party, the quatering acts, and the delaration of independence.
  • Elijah Clarke and the Battle at Kettle Creek

    Elijah Clarke and the Battle at Kettle Creek
    Clarke led the troops to the battle where he defeated 800 british soldiers. Clarke was rewarded with many acres of land. Clarke has a county named after him,(Clarke County) he became a militia general.
  • Articles of Conferderation Ratified by all 13 States

    Articles of Conferderation Ratified by all 13 States
    THe articles of confederation was the first form of a governed plan for the newly formed free colonies. it was very weak. it had no central government to collect taxtes, enforce laws, or make sure the colonies did what they were supposed to do. each colony could have its own currency making trading difficult. many colonies did not have consequences on taxes and refused to pay for shipped goods. in the end, all 13 states agreed to revise this artice thus creating the Constitution.
  • University of GA established

    University of GA established
    the first state supported university in the u.s. located in Athens GA. Abraham Baldwin was the first president at UGA. Only white males over 18 could attend.
  • Austin Dabney

    Austin Dabney
    austin dabney was a freeborn mullato. he was the first non-white man to fight the revolution. he was the only black man that was granted land due to his bravery during the war.he was one of the few to receive a military pension. he is beleived to be the only black man to fight at kettle creek.
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    Constitutional Convention

    this took place when the colonies realized that the articles of conferderation were not a strong enough central government. although the covention was held to revise the articles, they ended up wrighting an entire new pact. they named it the constitution. this document established a central government, an executive, and many other things. the constitution was much sturdier as it still exists today
  • GA ratifies the US constitution.

    GA ratifies the US constitution.
    GA ratifies the constitution for selfish reasons. they recieved more power, and drove the natives off their land. abraham baldwin and william few signed the constitutin for georgia. we were the fourth state to ratify the constitution on Jan, 2, 1788
  • Invention of the cotton gin

    Invention of the cotton gin
    when eli whitney intevnted the cotton gin, cotton production went up. the cotton business went up and took over most of georgia. with more production of cotton, more slaves were needed to help plant and harvest it. more slaves, more production, and with help from the cotton gin, about 50 pounds of cotton could be made in a day
  • Yazoo land fraud

    Yazoo land fraud
    the legislature was bribed to sell land to companies for little to no cost. the companies would sell the land for very high prices. they often sold land that was not theirs to sell. as a punishment ofr this, the government took part of the land away creating georgias current borders.
  • Capital moved to Louisville

    Capital moved to Louisville
    The capital of georgia has moved twice before coming to louisville. first it was located in savannah and then in augusta. it was moved to louisville for a more central location based on population. king louie was a war ally so it was named after him.
  • missouri compromise

    missouri compromise
    the missouri compromise was the settlement of the states. it stated that all states south of missouri were slave states. all states above missouri were free states
  • Dehlonega goldrush

    Dehlonega goldrush
    the gold rush is exactly what it states. gold was found on cherokee land and the people wanted it. they forced the cherokee off of their land and mined gold there. the cherokee were forced to travel elsewhere. many people traveled from far and near to get a chance to get rich from the gold mines
  • Indian removal act

    Indian removal act
    located near delhonega, the indians lived. this act removed them from their land. they were removed due to the gold that was found on their land
  • worchester vs georgia

    worchester vs georgia
    worchester was a missionary living with the natives. there was a law that was passed that made it illegal for non-natives to live on native land without alliegance. worchester would not take the oath, causing them to go to court.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    This compromise stated that all states south of missouris border were slave states. All states north of missouri were free states. this created equal slave states and equal free states.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    the compromise that stated that california would be a slave state. the north and south were offered equal benifits. the south got the "fugitive slave law" so if any slaves escaped to the north, they would have to be returned to the owner. they also got the right to vote on if a state would be free or not.
  • fugitive slave law

    this law was created so that slaves that ran north to the free states, would be returned to the owners in the south. the law was put in place as part of the acts that made california a free state
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    the fight of deciding kansas and nabraska should be free or not. this voided the missouri compromise because it placed a slave state in the north, and a free state in the south. many battles were fought for this, often called "bloody Kansas"
  • dred scott case

    dred scott case
    dred scott was a slave whos owner took him into the free states with him. when they returned to the slave states, dred scott sued his owner for his freedom. the north supported dred scott as b=much as they could, but because blacks were not considered citizens, he lost and was returned to his owner.
  • election of 1860

    the election of 1860 was the election of lincoln. lincoln was very popular to the aboloitionists. lincoln was the 16th president of the usa.
  • Ga seceeds from the union

    Ga seceeds from the union
    During lincolns presidency, ga was going through secession. There was a confrence set up. this divided those who did and didn't want to seceed. in the end ga seceded.
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    Andersonville

    andersonville was a confederate war camp, where they kept union soldiers. the conditions here were very poor and many people died. this camp was very unsanitary and cramped. many people would be in small spaces with too many people. this camp is considered the bloodiest and is now a museum.
  • Antietam

    Antietam
    Antietam was the bloodiest battle during the civil war. it was between the confederates and the union. the war was started because of abraham's emancipation proclomation. the confederates retreated, leaving the union with victory.
  • chickamaugua

    chickamauga was the attack of the railroad. the union forces attacked the trains carrying supples to the confederates. this was a succeded attempt to make the confederates surrender
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    March to the sea

    the march to the sea was when sherman, a general for the union, set ablaze the confederate cities. he marched towards the atlantic, burning everything in sight. his soldeirs often stole from the houses of peoples villages that they were burning. he marched from atlanta and ended at savannah, sparing only one city.
  • 13th amendment

    13th amendment
    this amendment freed all slaves. this did not allow them to vote or become citizens. it made slavery illegal in all states.
  • 14th amendment

    the fourteenth amendment made a/f's citizens. this gave them the right to own shops, and stores. although the amendment stated that these freedoms were allowed, many a/f's were kept from owning buisneses by the jim crowe laws.
  • 15th amendment

    the 15th amendment gave a/f's the right to vote. the jim crowe laws interfered here too, keeping them from voting. they went out of their way just to make sure that they could not vote.
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    Jim crowe laws

    Jime crowe laws were created when slaves were freed and allowed to be citizens and voters. they segregated whites and blacks. they kept blacks from voting or participating in elections, running businesses, or using the same areas as white people. they resricted their rights until the point of it almost being slavery all over again. jim crowe laws were finaly, many years later, considered unconstitutional and were done away with.
  • International cotton expo

    International cotton expo
    the cotton expo was created in attempt to bring new businesses to georgia. it was supposed to help industrialize georgia and help grow the economy. created by henry grady. it showed off the cotton business after reconstruction. it succeded to bring new businesses to georgia and help the economy. ever since the first expo, there has been an annual one each year
  • Plessy vs Ferguson

    Plessy vs Ferguson
    plessy vs ferguson was a trial to try and prove that jim crowe laws were unfair. a man with a small percentage of black in him, got on the white cart on a train. he was arrested, as he knew he would be, and went to court. he tried to prove that the laws were unfair and unreasonable. he lost and jim crowe laws remained.
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    The Leo Frank Case

    on april 26th, 1913, Leo Frank was accused of murdering little mary phagan. he and jim conley both worked in the pencil factory. after coming to pick up her pay, she was found dead in the basement that night. evidence suggests that jim, or leo were at fault. they went to court, and leo franks execution date was set for oct. 10th in 1913, but new evidence unearthed. two years later, as Leo sat in a prison, the towns people took it upon themselves to drive to the jail, kidnap leo, and hang him.
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    WWI

    world war one was (obviously) the first world war. the war was between europe. it is rumored that the war was started over a woman. this war was very devastating. about 10 million military soldiers died.
  • County Unit System

    County Unit System
    the county unit system was a system that made all the counties smaller. this gave georgia more recocknition while voting in elections. still in place today with 159 counties.
  • Rebecca felton

    Rebecca felton
    rebecca was the first woman to serve on the senate. she was a white supremeist. she was 87 years of age when she was sworn into senate. she served a short 24 hours, and was forced to leave. she was the oldest person to ever be elected for senate.
  • black tuesday

    black tuesday was the day of the stock market crash. stocks from all around flatlined as people from everywhere tried to sell their stocks. the stocks were being sold for much less than they had been paid for. this is a major reason for the great depression.
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    Holocaust

    the holocaust was when hitler was trying to make a "perfect" world. he gassed and killed, non-whites, diabled, gay, jewish, and other minorities in the pursuit for perfection. 6,000,000 jews were killed, not counting the many other minorities punished and often killed.
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    new deal

    the new deal was fdr's plan to fix the government from the depression. he implemented many programs to strengthen the economy. he made the ccc,aaa,and rea. these all benefited georgia well. he helped industrialize georgia, so we didnt have to rely on cotton farming.some of the acts from the new deal are still functioning today, such as the social security act.
  • Pearl Harbor Attack

    Pearl Harbor Attack
    the japanese attacked pearl harbor on that sunday. they snuck into the harbor with mini submarines. they flew overhead. the bombed the ships in the harbor at all angles. many ships sunk. a memorial is in the harbor today.
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    World War II

    the war had started before 1942, but the united states did not join until after the pearl harbor attack. the war lasted three years and devestated people world wide. bombs were dropped, innocent people were shot, and people feared for their lives. when hitler died and germany finally surrendered, the war was over. germany was left with the debt of the war to pay. the day they surrendered is nationally known as "d-day"
  • FDR dies in warm springs

    FDR came to Warm Springs many times because of his polio. He said that the springs made the pain go away. He soon died.
  • Brown vs BOE

    Brown vs BOE
    brown vs BOE was an argument about the school being segregrated . this battle was over the fact that blacks were not getting the same education as whites because they could not go to the same schools. the schools were desegregated and many schools shut down simply because they would not teach black children.
  • State flag changes

    State flag changes
    in 1956 the state flag changed. people did not like the former flag with a battle emblem on it and they wanted it changed. the state changed the flag and added another emblem to it. fortunatley, no one noticed
  • hamtliton holmes and charlayne hunter first black students at UGA

    hamtliton holmes and charlayne hunter first black students at UGA
    UGA was an all white, male, college. these students were the first black people to study on campus. more importantly one was a girl. girls at the time had little to no rights, so the fact that a black woman was going to school was miraculous.
  • Hamilton holmes an charlayne hunter of uga

    Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter were the first African American students to attend UGA. . At first UGA was trying to find any reason to not accept them. After much delibration, they were accepted.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    a large group of black people marched through washington. they marched for freedom, citizenship, and equal rights. they marched through washington disrupting busineses among other things
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    jimmy carter

    jimmy carter was inagurated on jan. 20th 1977. many people blamed him for the high unemployment rate. to say the least, he was not a good president.. he only served one term and was never re-elected.
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    1996 summer olympics

    the summer olympics were held in Atlanta georgia. this led to new buildings, buisneses, and money. the visitors would stay in hotels and tour georgia, spending their money and raising our economy. atlanta is still the capital of georgia and has many of the buildings from the games still in use.