Georgia Colony Timeline

  • Charter Granted

    Charter Granted
    King Charles I granted charter to Sir Robert Heath. The charter included north of St. Augustine and present-day Georgia.
  • King Charles II Gives a Charter

    King Charles II Gives a Charter
    King Charles II gives the 1629 charter to Earl of Claredon, Duke of Albemarle, Sir George Cartaret and 5 others.
  • Treaty is Signed

    Treaty is Signed
    Madrid Treaty between Spain and England is signed. It gave ownership of land in eastern half of North America (Georgia) to Spain.
  • James Oglethorpe Founds Georgia

    James Oglethorpe Founds Georgia
    Oglethorpe founds Georgia as a refuge for people in debt. The government of England wanted to use Georgia as a military outpost because of Florida being so close Georgia. At the time Florida was owned by Spain.
  • Georgia Divided into 2 Counties

    Georgia Divided into 2 Counties
    Trustees divide Georgia into 2 counties; Savannah and Frederica were the 2 counties. William Stephens was the leader in Savannah and James Oglethorpe was in charge of Frederica.
  • The Battle of Bloody Marsh

    The Battle of Bloody Marsh
    The Battle of Bloody Marsh was the Spanish's last action in the War of Jenkins' Ear. Main landmarks in this war were Glynn County, Georgia and Fort Frederica.
  • Slavery Legalized

    Slavery Legalized
    Georgia decides to legalize slavery.
  • Declaration of Independence is Signed

    Declaration of Independence is Signed
    The Declaration of Independence is signed by all colonies and took away links with Britain. the document is printed on broadsides for spreading it to the states.
  • First Constitution Made

    First Constitution Made
    Georgia makes its first state constitution which is approved unanimously.
  • 4th State of America

    4th State of America
    Delegates at Augusta Convention sign letter of ratification making Georgia the 4th state to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • Milledgeville Becomes Capitol

    Milledgeville Becomes Capitol
    the state capital of Georgia is named after John Milledge.
  • Boundary Established

    Boundary Established
    The boundary between Georgia and North Carolina is established and separates the two colonies with a specific boundary.
  • The War of 1812 Begins

    The War of 1812 Begins
    The war of 1812 began between U.S. and Britain for independence of our nation.
  • Gold Found in Georgia

    Gold Found in Georgia
    Gold was found in Georgia and the gold rush began in California which sent many people to the west hoping to find wealth.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    Andrew Jackson was removing Indians mainly including the Cherokee nation. They were sent to present-day Oklahoma. It was a sad time for the Cherokee nation thus the name Trail of Tears.
  • Civil War Begins

    Civil War Begins
    The Civil war began between the north and the south due to their very different lifestyles. Georgia was in the south and had slavery in their colony but the north didn't.
  • Confederate Constitution

    Confederate Constitution
    Georgia Ratified the Confederate constitution.
  • U.S. Mint

    U.S. Mint
    Georgia took over the U.S. mint at Dahlonega.
  • Capitol of Georgia

    Capitol of Georgia
    Atlanta becomes the capitol of Georgia.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    Jim Crow laws enacted (Georgia) in the southern colonies over the color of one’s skin.
  • Atlanta Riot

    Atlanta Riot
    Atlanta Race Riot continued for 4 days after the election of Hoke Smith, who said that blacks would lose their right to vote. Whites started these riots and also blamed black for it. Officially 12 were killed but there were most likely many more.
  • Fire in Augusta

    Fire in Augusta
    A huge fire in Augusta, Georgia destroys about 600 homes and commercial buildings. It ocurred over a 25 block area in downtown Augusta.
  • Reorginization Act of 1931

    Reorginization Act of 1931
    Georgia was facing large debt because of decreased income during the Great Depression. So they reorganized a large group into 18 departments and agencies to save money.
  • Plane Crash

    Plane Crash
    Eddie Rickenbacker was flying from New York to Atlanta on a Silversleeper. It crashed just outside of Atlanta. Nine people were killed and eight were injured. Eddie lived but had to stay the night in the wreckage because he was trapped and he was rushed to the hospital the next day.
  • Segregation Ends

    Segregation Ends
    United States District Court Judge Frank H. Hooper wants to end segregation. He ends up ordering Atlanta City Schools to desegregate.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. is Arrested

    Martin Luther King Jr. is Arrested
    Martin is arrested during a sit-in a restaurant. He isn't the only one who was arrested but others too were arrested for protest.
  • University of Georgia Desegregates

    University of Georgia Desegregates
    William Bootle forces the University of Georgia to desegregate. His action is ruled "improvidently granted" by an Atlanta judge.
  • Civil Rights Act is Upheld

    Civil Rights Act is Upheld
    In Atlanta, the U.S. Supreme Court upholds the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This affects Georgia because of their high black population because of slavery in the south.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. is Assassinated

    Martin Luther King Jr. is Assassinated
    James Earl Ray assassinates Martin. The funeral of King Jr. is later held in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • Georgia Resident Announces Bid

    Georgia Resident Announces Bid
    Newt Gingrich announced his bid for Republican nomination for President. Gingrich was a former house speaker and then ran for President.