Cap pc 05b

Checkpoint 2

By 1jbryan
  • University of Georgia Founded

    University of Georgia Founded
    The University of Georgia was founded on January 27, 1785 in Athens, Georgia. Abraham Baldwin was the founder of this particular university.
  • Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin
    Eli Whitney was a Massachusetts citizen that invented the Cotton Gin in the year 1793 in Georgia. The Cotton Gin's job is to set apart cotton fibers and cotton seeds.
  • Yazoo Land Fraud

    Yazoo Land Fraud
    The Yazoo Land Fraud was an event that resulted in land being given to several companies. The governor of Georgia George Mathews signed the Land document on January 7 in the year 1795.
  • Capital moved to Louisville

    Capital moved to Louisville
    Louisville became Georgia's third capital in the year 1796. The capital was named Louisville to pay homage to the French King Louis XVI for his nation's role in the Revolutionary War.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Signed by president James Monroe, the Missouri Compromise let the number of free and slave states to be the same. Missouri became a slave state, and Maine became a non-slave state. Also, some of the land acquired by the Louisiana Purchase was not allowed to have slaves.
  • Dahlonega Gold Rush

    Dahlonega Gold Rush
    The Dahlonega Gold Rush was one of Georgia's most famous events. Gold had been discovered in Dahlonega, Georgia on August 1 in the year 1829. Miners arrived in Dahlonega to strip the land of it's most valuable product: Gold.
  • Worcester v. Georgia

    Worcester v. Georgia
    Samuel Worcester was a white missionary that stayed in the Cherokee Nation. It was against the law for white people to stay in the Cherokee Nation, so the officials arrested Worcester. Later, he and Cherokee lawyers came to the U.S. Supreme Court. Although Worcester won the case, the state disregarded the court's decision, and would not set Worcester and the other missionaries free.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    Even though the chief justice John Marshall ruled that the Cherokees could stay on their land, the other court members disagreed. In 1838, president Martin Van Buren sent soldiers to the Cherokee Nation, and the Cherokees were forced to walk many miles to their new land. This long march became known as The Trail of Tears.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    The Compromise of 1850 included five bills, which were passed in September of the year 1850. It stopped the growing conflict between the slave states and the free states over the new land acquired after the Mexican-American War.
  • Georgia Platform

    Georgia Platform
    The Georgia Platform was a document that was meant to avoid the constant arguing about slavery. The Georgia Platform was written by Charles Jones Jenkins, and it let both Democrats and Whigs join together to keep the Union safe. Although the Georgia Platform was excepted, it still could not stop the problems to come.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    This act formed the states of Kansas and Nebraska. White settlers that arrived in these states would be able to decide if the states would be slave states or non-slave states.
  • Dred Scott Case

    Dred Scott Case
    Dred Scott, who was a slave brought the case to the United States Supreme Court that he was a free man, because of the fact that he lived in a non-slave state. The court, led by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney thought that it was illegal for African-Americans to be citizens, and to come to the court for freedom, so they ended the Dred Scott Case.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    The election of 1860 was the election between the Democratic nominees Stephen Douglas and John C. Breckinridge. The republican nominee was Abraham Lincoln. The Constutional Union nominee was John Bell. In the end, John C. Breckinridge won the state of Georgia. Although Breckinridge won Georgia, Lincoln won the presidency.
  • Union Blockade of Georgia

    Union Blockade of Georgia
    In the year 1862, the Union's navy had a blockade of ships off the coast of Savannah, Georgia. Jefferson Davis then ordered Robert E. Lee to protect the coast from the Union.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    This particular battle of the Civil War was between the Union forces led by Major General George McClellan and the Confederate forces led by General Robert E. Lee. This battle occurred in Sharpsburg, Maryland, and it was won by the Union.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    On January 1, 1863, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln declared that all of the southern slave states are now free states. This document created by Lincoln, was called the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    This battle of the Civil War was fought in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania from July 1, 1863 to July 3, 1863. The Confederates led by General Robert E. Lee engaged the Union troops led by General George Meade. The battle was won by the North(Union).
  • Battle of Chickamauga

    Battle of Chickamauga
    The battle of Chickamauga was the largest Civil War battle that occurred in the state of Georgia. The battle was located in Catoosa county and Walker county, Georgia. It was won by the Confederacy(South).
  • Sherman's Atlanta Campaign

    Sherman's Atlanta Campaign
    Civil War General William T. Sherman wanted the Union to take over Atlanta, Georgia, which was a very important city in the South. Sherman's enemy was General John B. Hood, who led the Confederate defense around Atlanta. On August 31, Hood left Atlanta, and Sherman won the key Southern city.
  • Andersonville Prison Camp

    Andersonville Prison Camp
    In the county of Macon, Georgia, the prisoner of war camp known as Andersonville was founded in February of the year 1864. It was the largest populated prison camp during the Civil War.
  • Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea
    After taking over Atlanta, General Sherman began a Union march that started in Atlanta, and ended in Savannah. After taking over Savannah, Sherman gave the city to President Lincoln as a present for Christmas.
  • Freedman's Bureau

    Freedman's Bureau
    The Freedman's Bureau was created by the U.S. Congress. It's purpose was to aide free slaves and poor white people.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment
    This amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified on December 6, 1865. It's main purpose was to fully erase the concept of slavery in the United States of America.
  • Ku Klux Klan Formed

    Ku Klux Klan Formed
    The Ku Klux Klan was formed on December 24, 1865 in Pulaska, Tennessee by Confederate veterans from the American Civil War. The group's targets were mainly African-Americans, but they also attacked other groups like Jews, immigrants, and Catholics.
  • Henry McNeal Turner

    Henry McNeal Turner
    Henry McNeal Turner was an African-American missionary and politician. In 1867, Turner helped create what we know today as Georgia's Republican Party. He also played a part in Georgia's constitutional convention, and became a member of the Georgia House of Representatives. Turner represented Macon, Georgia while in the House.
  • Fourteenth Amendment

    Fourteenth Amendment
    Several years after the ratification of the Thirteenth amendment, the Fourteenth amendment was created. It's ratification took place on July 28, 1868, and officially proclaimed that African-Americans were now citizens of the United States. The Thirteenth amendment also gave African-Americans civil and legal rights.
  • Fifteenth Amendment

    Fifteenth Amendment
    The Fifteenth amendment was added to the Constitution on March 30, 1870. It's purpose was to let male African-Americans be able to vote.