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Georgia Civil Rights Era

  • Martin Luther King Jr.

    Martin Luther King Jr.
    Martin Luther King Jr. Brain PopMartin was born in Atlanta, Georgia during desegregation. Martin grew up to be a Baptist minister and a social activist in Civil Rights movements. He had a very big impact on race relations and helped end segregation. Martin contributed a lot to the development of this country. By speaking he also helped create opportunities for African Americans to get jobs. He stated an opinion that was never said which encouraged people to rise up and state their own.
  • Benjamin Mays

    Benjamin Mays
    In 1940, Benjamin Mays became the president of Morehouse College in Georgia. During his time he taught Martin Luther King Jr. during their time together they became very close until King’s death. Mays was also an excellent fund-raiser for the school, help them reach many of their future goals.
  • End of White Primary

    End of White Primary
    The end of white primary came after 2 events in Georgia and in Texas. in Georgia, African Americans were allowed to vote for the democratic party. Texas had 3 cases that involved and help end white primary.
  • 1946 Governor's Race

    1946 Governor's Race
    In 1946 on December 21, Eugene Talmadge died while still in office. They decided to have legislature decide on the new governor and they picked Herman Talmadge, Eugene Talmadge’s son, to be governor. The lieutenant governor Melvin Thompson also wanted to be governor though. Finally, Ellis Arnall wanted to claim the governor’s spot. This became known as the Three Governor’s Controversy. Ellis Arnall soon left the chair, which left 2 governors of Georgia. Thompsn became governor.
  • Herman Talmadge

    Herman Talmadge
    Herman Talmadge interviewHerman Talmadge, a democrat, was governor of Georgia in 1947 for a short time, and then he was governor again in 1948-1954. Soon after being governor Talmadge ran for senate in 1956 and was elected. He stayed in senate until he was defeated in 1980. Talmadge was a foe of desegregation and civil rights legislation and he wanted to protect rural Atlanta. In the70's he finally began to reach out to black voters.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Lisa Brown lived close to a whites only school, but was not allowed to attend because she was African American. She was forced to go to another school that was farther away. Her family thought that the rule violated the 13th amendment so they wanted to do something about it. They went to Supreme Court and the court decided that it violated the Equal Protection Clause. Finally, Lisa was allowed to attend that school.
  • 1956 State Flag

    1956 State Flag
    In 1956, democrats and attorney of Georgia wanted to trade out the stripes of the flag with the square the confederate battle flag. The idea stored through the Georgia general assembly and was made. People did not agree with the idea of the flag and wanted it changed.
  • SNCC

    There was a group of black students that did not want to leave the Woodworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, NC. They began to have many sit-ins to show how they feeled. Soon the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was created. The SNCC handled/ coordinated all the sit-ins, leader support, and they also publicized all of their activities that followed.
  • Sibley Commission

    Sibley Commission
    The Sibley commission was created to change people’s attitudes against the desegregating schools. In 1960, Governor Ernest Vaindiver was forced to either close public schools or comply with a federal order to desegregate the public schools.
  • Andrew Young

    Andrew Young
    Andrew Young was a politician, rights activist, and businessman in Georgia. He helped with the organization of schools for the SCLC. He also became a trusted aide of Martin Luther King Jr. After king died, he was elected into the House of Representatives. Young would be known as the first African American to be a representative in the House of Representatives after reconstruction. Finally, he ran for city mayor and won election and reelection.
  • Hamilton H. and Charlayne H. to UGA

    Hamilton H. and Charlayne H. to UGA
    These 2 students were the first African American students at the University of Georgia. Originally the both applied, but were denied because the school said they had limited space. They both retried many times and every time they were denied of acceptance. Finally, they filled a suit against the school for not allowing acceptance. After the suit, Hamilton and Chalayne were accepted into Georgia.
  • Albany Movement

    Albany Movement
    The Albany MovementThe Albany Movement was the first mass modern civil rights movement to have the goal of desegregation in the community. In the end, African Americans in Albany and around the community were jailed. The movement did not go as planned but in the end lessons were earned that were used to create more successful movements.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    The March on Washington was attended by 250,000 people. It was the largest demonstration ever seen on the nation’s capital, and first to be broadcasted to the nation. The goal of the demonstration was to get freedom and jobs for African Americans. Many organizations showed up at the demonstration including the CORE, SCLC, NAACP, and the SNCC. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke at the movement.
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    Civil Rights ActThe Civil Rights Act was created to forbid any discrimination based on race or sex in hiring, promoting, and firing. Before the bill was made official sex was included with race. It had tough fight to remain on the act, but it powered though and stayed on it.
  • Lester Maddox

    Lester Maddox
    Lester Maddox was a governor of Georgia. First, Lester worked with prison reform, which was a very popular issue. He also appointed many African Americans as government officials. After he was governor, he became the lieutenant governor of Georgia, and also ran for presidency.
  • Maynard Jackson

    Maynard Jackson
    Maynard Jackson was elected as governor of Atlanta in 1973. He had a lot of influence in the city politics. Jackson also worked closely with Andrew Young to bring the Olympics to Atlanta, GA. While he was in office the Atlanta charter was also modified.