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Georgia History Timeline Project

  • Jan 1, 1000

    Paleo Period

    Paleo Period
  • Period: Jan 1, 1000 to

    Missippian Period

  • Nov 1, 1540

    Hernando De Soto

    Hernando De Soto
    Hernando De Soto
    Hernando De Soto was a Spanish explorer. He came to Georgia in search of gold .De Soto killed thousands of natives during battle. He had better wepons ,and thousands of natives died from diseases brought from the explorers.
  • Charter of 1732

    Charter of 1732
    Charter of 1732
    The charter granted an area of all those lands between the Savannah and the Altamaha rivers. No trustee could own land or hold office.
  • Salzburgers Arrive

    Salzburgers Arrive
    Salzburgers founded the town of Ebenezer. The group received support from king George 2nd
  • Highland Scots Arrive

    Highland Scots Arrive
    highland scots
    The Highlans Scots arrived in October 1735. They settled along the Altamaha river. They where conditinned to rough times and a hard life. they where mainly used for protection from the spanish.
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    John Reynolds

    John reynoldsJohn Reynolds was Georgias first royal governor. His major accomplishment was creating a self government. His major error was him trying to run the colony alone. Finally the king replaced him.
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    Henry Ellis

    Henry Ellis, the second royal governor of Georgia, has been called "Georgia's second founder. His major accomplishment was economic and population growth. Plus he fostered a good relationship with the natives. During the French and indian war he secured peace with Creek indian.He was reolaced because he suffered from heat related illnesses.
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    James Wright

    James Wright
    James Wright was the third and last royal governor of Georgia, serving from 1760 to 1782.His major accomplishment were expanding farms,trade,fortifing Savannah's defences,and created georgia's first newspaper.
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    Eli Whitney and The Cotton Gen

    Eli Whitney, a Massachusetts native, only spent a few months living in Georgia, but during that time, in 1793, he invented the cotton gin. Whitney's machine expedited the extraction of seeds from upland cotton, making the crop profitable and contributing to its expansion across the South. This deepened the region's commitment to slave labor and ultimately placed the country on the path to the Civil War (1861-65).
  • University of Georgia founded

    University of Georgia founded
    UGAWhen the University of Georgia was incorporated by an act of the General Assembly on January 27, 1785, Georgia became the first state to charter a state-supported university. In 1784 the General Assembly had set aside 40,000 acres of land to endow a college or seminary of learning
  • Georgia Founded

    Georgia Founded
    Georgia founded
    James Oglethorpe was given a charter from king George 2nd to create Georgia . It is located between South Carolina & Flordia.
  • Yazoo land fraud

    Yazoo land fraud
    yazoo land fraud
    The Yazoo land fraud was one of the most significant events in the post-Revolutionary War (1775-83) history of Georgia. The bizarre climax to a decade of frenzied speculation in the state's public lands, the Yazoo sale of 1795 did much to shape Georgia politics and to strain relations with the federal government for a generation.
  • Missouri compromise

    Missouri compromise
    The Missouri compromise was an attempt to keep balance between free and slave states.It drawn a line with Missouri's southern border. The north and south both supported it because it kept balance between free and slave states.
  • Worchester vs Georgia

    Worchester vs Georgia
    worcestor vs georgia
    The Supreme Court challenging georgia law .Chief justice John Marshell rules in favor of the cherokee.Andrew Jackson refused to enforce the decision. So he signs the indian removal act.
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    Henry McNeal Turner

    Henry McNeal Turner was a pioneering church organizer and missionary for the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME) in Georgia, later rising to the rank of bishop. Turner was also an active politician and Reconstruction-era state legislator from Macon. Later in life, he became an outspoken advocate of back-to-Africa emigration.
  • Dahlonegs Gold Rush

    Dahlonegs Gold Rush
    dahlonega gold rush
    Gold was found on some some cherokee land. So the government passed a law to take their land.
  • Trial Of Tears

    Trial Of Tears
    trail of tearsAll of the natives were relocated to the west af the mississippii.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Compromise of 1850
    It was a compramise to keep balance of policies.California enters as a free state.Now the Fugitive slave law is created.It makes runaway slaves must be returned.
  • kansas -nebrasks act

    kansas -nebrasks act
    kansas nebraska act
    A law mandating "popular soveriegnty" in Kansas and Nebraska. Proslavery settlers from Missouri and anti-slavery from Iowa fight. This is called "bleeding kansas".
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    Tom Watson and The Populist

    Thomas E. Watson is perhaps best known to Georgians today by his imposing statue across the street from the Georgia capitol. His public life has been considered one of the most perplexing and controversial of all Georgia politicians. In his early years he was characterized as a liberal, especially for his time. In later years he emerged as a force for white supremacy and anti-Catholic rhetoric. He was elected to the Georgia General Assembly (1882), the U.S. House of Representatives
  • dred scott case

    dred scott case
    dred scott caseThe case before the court was that of Dred Scott v. Sanford. Dred Scott, a slave who had lived in the free state of Illinois and the free territory of Wisconsin before moving back to the slave state of Missouri, had appealed to the Supreme Court in hopes of being granted his freedom
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    Alonzo Herndon

    An African American barber and entrepreneur, Alonzo Herndon was founder and president of the Atlanta Life Insurance Company, one of the most successful black-owned insurance businesses in the nation. At the time of his death in 1927, he was also Atlanta's wealthiest black citizen, owning more property than any other African American. Admired and respected by many, advancing African American business.
  • election of 1860

    election of 1860
    election of 1860
    Abraham Lincoln is elected the 16th president of the United States over a deeply divided Democratic Party, becoming the first Republican to win the presidency. Lincoln received only 40 percent of the popular vote but handily defeated the three other candidates: Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge, Constitutional Union candidate John Bell, and Northern Democrat Stephen Douglas, a
  • Union Blockade of Georgia

    Union Blockade of Georgia
    The battle between ship and shore on the coast of Confederate Georgia was a pivotal part of the Union strategy to subdue the state during the Civil War (1861-65). U.S. president Abraham Lincoln's call at the start of the war for a naval blockade of the entire Southern coastline took time to materialize, but by early 1862 the Union navy had positioned a serviceable fleet off the coast of the South's most prominent Confederate ports. In Georgia, Union strategy centered on Savannah.
  • Sherman's Atlanta campaign

    Sherman's Atlanta campaign
    The "Atlanta campaign" is the name given by historians to the military operations that took place in north Georgia during the Civil War (1861-65) in the spring and summer of 1864. By early 1864 most Confederate Southerners had probably given up hopes of winning the war by conquering Union armies. The Confederacy had a real chance, though, of winning the war simply by not being beaten
  • Georgia platform

    Georgia platform
    With the nation facing the potential threat of disunion over the passage of the Compromise of 1850, Georgia, in a special state convention, adopted a proclamation called the Georgia Platform. The act was instrumental in averting a national crisis. Slavery had been at the core of sectional tensions between the North and South. New territorial gains, westward expansion, and the hardening of regional attitudes toward the spread of slavery provoked a potential crisis of the Union.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    antietamIt was the bloodest one day battle ever.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    emancipation proclomationPresident Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
  • Battle of Chickamauga

    Battle of Chickamauga
    The Battle of Chickamauga, the biggest battle ever fought in Georgia, took place on September 18-20, 1863, during the Civil War (1861-65). With 34,000 casualties, it is generally accepted as the second bloodiest engagement of the war; only the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania, with 51,000 casualties, was deadlier. The campaign that brought the Union and Confederate armies to Chickamauga began in late June 1863, when the Union Army of the Cumberland under Major General William S. Rosecrans
  • Andersonville Prison Camp

    Andersonville Prison Camp
    The Camp Sumter military prison at Andersonville was one of the largest Confederate military prisons during the Civil War. During the 14 months the prison existed, more than 45,000 Union soldiers were confined here. Of these, almost 13,000 died here. Today, Andersonville National Historic Site is a memorial to all American prisoners of war throughout the nation's history
  • Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea
    The March to the Sea, the most destructive campaign against a civilian population during the Civil War (1861-65), began in Atlanta on November 15, 1864, and concluded in Savannah on December 21, 1864. Union general William T. Sherman abandoned his supply line and marched across Georgia to the Atlantic Ocean to prove to the Confederate population that its government could not protect the people from invaders.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment
    The Constitution declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." Formally abolishing slavery in the United States, the 13th Amendment was passed by the Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865
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    WEB DuBois

    William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (1868-1963) was an African American educator, historian, sociologist, and social activist who poignantly addressed the issues of racial discrimination, black social problems,and world peace during the first half of the twentieth century. During two extended stints in Atlanta, 1897-1910 and 1934-44,
  • Fourteenth Amendment

    Fourteenth Amendment
    14 Amendment
    The amendment addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the American Civil War.
  • Fifteenth Amendment

    Fifteenth Amendment
    15 amendmentThe 15th Amendment to the Constitution granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." Although ratified on February 3, 1870, the promise of the 15th Amendment would not be fully realized for almost a century. Through the use of poll taxes, literacy tests and other means, Southern states were able
  • International Cotton Exposition

    International Cotton Exposition
    cottonThe first exposition, named the International Cotton Exposition, in Oglethorpe Park in 1881. The city then had fewer than 40,000 residents, and the primary sense in which the first
    The 1881 International Cotton Exposition buildings in Atlanta's Oglethorpe Park consisted of a central building and several wings. The central building was devoted to textile-manufacturing displays while the wings showcased other southern products, including sugar, rice, and tobacco.
    1881 International Cotton Ex
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    Carl Vinson

    Carl Vinson, recognized as "the father of the two-ocean navy," served twenty-five consecutive terms in the U.S. House of Representatives. When he retired in January 1965, he had served in the U.S. Congress longer than anyone in history. He also set the record for service as chair of a standing committee. He chaired the House Naval Affairs Committee for sixteen years (1931-47) and its successor, the House Armed Services Committee, for fourteen years.
  • Eugene Talmadge

    Eugene Talmadge
    A controversial and colorful politician, Eugene Talmadge played a leading role in the state's politics from 1926 to 1946. During his three terms as state commissioner of agriculture and three terms as governor, his personality and actions polarized voters into Talmadge and anti-Talmadge factions in the state's one-party politics of that era. He was elected to a fourth term as the state's chief executive in 1946 but died before taking office.
  • Plessy VS Ferguson

    Plessy VS Ferguson
    The decision was handed down by a vote of 7 to 1 with the majority opinion written by Justice Henry Billings Brown and the dissent written by Justice John Marshall Harlan. Louisiana Justice Edward Douglass White was one of the majority: he was a member of the New Orleans Pickwick Club and the Crescent City White League, the latter a paramilitary organization that had supported white supremacy with violence through the 1870s to suppress black voting and regain political power by white property.
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    William B. Hartsfield

    William B. Hartsfield was a man of humble origins who became one of the greatest mayors of Atlanta. He served as mayor for six terms (1937-41, 1942-61), longer than any other person in the city's history. Hartsfield held office during a critical period when the color line separating the races began to change and the city grew from more than 100,000 inhabitants to a metropolitan population of one million.
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    Benjamin Mays

    A distinguished African American minister, educator, scholar, and social activist, Benjamin Mays is perhaps best known as the longtime president of Morehouse College in Atlanta. He was also a significant mentor to civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. and was among the most articulate and outspoken critics of segregation before the rise of the modern civil rights movement in the United States.
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    Richard Russell

    Richard B. Russell Jr. served in public office for fifty years as a state legislator, governor of Georgia, and U.S. senator. Although Russell was best known for his efforts to strengthen the national defense and to oppose civil rights legislation, he favored his role as advocate for the small farmer and for soil and water conservation. Russell also worked to bring economic opportunities to Georgia. He helped to secure or maintain fifteen military installation.
  • 1906 Atlanta race riot

     1906 Atlanta race riot
    During the that occurred September 22-24, 1906, white mobs killed dozens of blacks, wounded scores of others, and inflicted considerable property damage. Local newspaper reports of alleged assaults by black males on white females were the catalyst for the riot, but a number of underlying causes lay behind the outbreak of mob violence
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    Ivan Allen Jr.

    Ivan Allen Jr. served as mayor of Atlanta from 1962 to 1970. He is credited with leading the city through an era of significant physical and economic growth and with maintaining calm during the civil rights movement. While other southern cities experienced recurring violence, Atlanta leaders, led in part by Mayor Allen, were able to broker more peaceful paths to integration. Allen was born in Atlanta on March 15, 1911, the only son of Ivan Allen Sr.
  • Leo Frank Case

    Leo Frank Case
    The Leo Frank case is one of the most notorious and highly publicized cases in the legal annals of Georgia. A Jewish man in Atlanta was placed on trial and convicted of raping and murdering a thirteen-year-old girl who worked for the National Pencil Company, which he managed. Before the lynching of Frank two years later, the case became known throughout the nation.
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    Herman Talmadge

    Herman Talmadge, son of Eugene Talmadge, served as governor of Georgia for a brief time in early 1947 and again from 1948 to 1954. In 1956 Talmadge was elected to the U.S. Senate, where he served until his defeat in 1980. Talmadge, a Democrat, was governor at a time of political transition in the state, and he served in the Senate during a time of great political change in the nation as well. As a member of the southern block of the Senate.
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    Lester Maddox

    The tumultuous political and social change in Georgia during the 1960's yielded perhaps the most unlikly governor Lester Maddox. He was brought to office ni 1966 by wide spread dissatisfactionwith desegregation, Maddox surprised many by serving as an able and unquestionable colorful chief executive.
  • Country Unit System

    Country Unit System
    The county unit system was established in 1917 when the Georgia legislature, overwhelmingly dominated by the Democratic Party, passed the Neill Primary Act. This act formalized what had operated as an informal system, instituted in Georgia in 1898, of allotting votes by county in party primary elections. The county unit system continued to be used in Democratic primaries for statewide office and selected U.S. House districts until the early 1960s.
  • World War I

    World War I
    Georgia played a significant role during America's participation in World War I (1917-18). The state was home to more training camps than any other state and by the war's end had contributed more than 100,000 men and women to the war effort. Georgia also suffered from the effects of the influenza pandemic, a tragic maritime disaster, local political fights, and wartime homefront restrictions. War Sentiment in Georgia As newspaper.
  • Ku Klux Klan

    Ku Klux Klan
    Ku Klux KlanThe Ku Klux Klan is a racist, anti-Semitic movement with a commitment to extreme violence to achieve its goals of racial segregation and white supremacy. Of all the types of right-wing hate groups that exist in the United States, the Klan remains the one with the greatest number of national and local organizations around the country.
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    The Great Depression

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    Martin Luther King jr.

    Martin Luther King Jr., Baptist minister and president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), was the most prominent African American leader in the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Early Life and Education, 1929-1955 Family, church, and education were the central forces shaping King's early life. Michael Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta on January 15, 1929, to Alberta Williams and Michael Luther King Sr.
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    Andrew Young

    Andrew Young's lifelong work as a politician, human rights activist, and businessman has been in great measure responsible for the development of Atlanta's reputation as an international city. Early Life and Career Andrew Jackson Young Jr. was born on March 12, 1932, in New Orleans, Louisiana, into a prosperous middle-class family. His mother, Daisy Fuller, was a schoolteacher, and his father, Andrew Young, was a dentist.
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act

    Agricultural Adjustment Act
    The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) was a United States federal law of the New Deal era which reduced agricultural production by paying farmers subsidies not to plant on part of their land and to kill off excess livestock. Its purpose was to reduce crop surplus and therefore effectively raise the value of crops
  • World War II

    World War II
    Southern states were critical to the war effort during World War II (1941-45) and none more so than Georgia. Some 320,000 Georgians served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, and countless others found employment in burgeoning wartime industries. Their experiences were pivotal in determining the state's future development, and the war itself marked a watershed in Georgia's history.
  • Holocaust

    "the catastrophe"), was a genocide in which approximately six million Jews were killed by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.[3] Some historians use a definition of the Holocaust that includes the additional five million non-Jewish victims of Nazi mass murders, bringing the total to approximately eleven million. Killings took place throughout Nazi Germany .
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    Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter

    He and Charlayne Hunter-Gault were the first two African-American students admitted to the University of Georgia.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    Pearl Harbor was a harbor for military ships.Its was attacked and bombed by japan. Over 2,000 people were killed that day.
  • 1956 state flag

    1956 state flag
    in the 1920s the entire state seal began appearing in place of the coat of arms on the state flag. It is not known who authorized the substitution, or when.
  • Sibley Commission

    Sibley Commission
    In 1960 the governor forced to decied between closing public schools or complying with a federal order to desegregate them, tapped State Rrepresentive George Busbee to introduce legislation creating the General Assembly on schools.
  • The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

    The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, or SNCC (pronounced "snick"), was one of the key organizations in the American civil rights movement of the 1960s. In Georgia SNCC concentrated its efforts in Albany and Atlanta. Emerging from the student-led sit-ins to protest segregated lunch counters in Greensboro, North Carolina, and Nashville, Tennessee, SNCC's strategy was much different from that of already established civil rights organizations.
  • The Albany Movement

    The Albany Movement
    According to traditional accounts the Albany Movement began in fall 1961 and ended in summer 1962. It was the first mass movement in the modern civil rights era to have as its goal the desegregation of an entire community, and it resulted in the jailing of more than 1,000 African Americans in Albany and surrounding rural counties. Martin Luther King Jr. was drawn into the movement in December 1961 when hundreds of black protesters, including himself, were arrested .
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    More than 200,000 Americans gathered in Washington D.C for a political rally known as the March on Washington for jobs and freedom.
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    The Civil Rights Act ended segregation and banned enployment discriminationon the basis of race, religion, sex, or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievments of the Civil Rights Movement.
  • Atlanta Falcons

    Atlanta Falcons
    In 1965 the Atlanta Falcons became the first professional football team in the city of Atlanta and the fifteenth National Football League (NFL) franchise in existence. Since the team's first preseason game against Philadelphia at Atlanta Stadium (later Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium ), the Falcons have become a mainstay in Atlanta's sports culture. Now playing at the Georgia Dome, the Falcons join the Atlanta Braves and Atlanta Hawks as professional sporting attractions in Georgia.
  • atlanta Braves

    Braves moved to Atlanta to begin the 1966 major league baseball season. The move made the Atlanta Braves the first major league professional sports team to call the Deep South its home. Citizens of the city welcomed their new team with a downtown parade. On April 12, 1966, the Braves played their first regular season game in Atlanta Stadium before a sellout crowd of more than 50,000 enthusiastic fans.
  • Atlanta hawks

    Atlanta hawks
    The Hawks, a National Basketball Association (NBA) franchise and part of the Eastern Conference's Southeast Division, have called Atlanta home since 1968. Playing at Philips Arena in the heart of downtown Atlanta, the Hawks join the Braves and the Falcons as professional sports teams in Georgi
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    Jimmy Carter in Georgia

    Jimmy Carter served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981. He was awarded the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize for work to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development.
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    1996 Olympic Games

    The international Olympic committee voted in the final round for Atlanta (51 votes) over Athens (35 votes). For the first in olympic history, all 197 recognised National Olympic Committees were represented at the games.