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Georgia's first 100 years

By 067109
  • Period: to

    Georgia's first 100 years

  • Savanah Founded

    Savanah Founded
    James Oglethorpe and colonists arives in the newly founded Savanah after he decides to make a land for the "worthy poor" for them to have jobs and escape debtors prison.
  • Salzburgers arrived in colony

    Salzburgers arrived in colony
    The Trustees of the Colony of Georgia in 1732 extended an invitation to Salzburgers to come settle in the new colony in America.In search of religious freedom, they re-boarded the Purysburg and left England for their long journey to America on January 8th, 1734. This was the “First Salzburger Transport”. The word transport refers to the ‘traveling group’ and not to the vessel.
    They arrived in Savanah in March 12th 1734.
  • War of Jenkin's Ear

    War of Jenkin's Ear
    The West Indies was once a key part of the balance of world power, particularly since the islands were the entry point to the lucrative Spanish trade market. Thus, the West Indies became both a battleground and a pawn in major trade wars. One such war came shortly after the War of the Spanish Succession. This war, at first, involved only Britain and Spain, but the war of the Austrian Succession soon absorbed it.
    The war started over the loss of an ear. This war known as the War of Jenkins Ear.
  • GA became royal colony

    GA became royal colony
    Georgia became a royal colonyin 1752. The trustees were unable to establish self-government and gave up before the 21 year charter had expired. Freemen were given the right to vote (unless they were Roman Catholics) and the people elected an assembly. The governor was appointed by the king.
  • John Reynolds arrived in colony; French and Indian War began

    John Reynolds arrived  in colony; French and Indian War began
    On October 29, 1754, the first Royal governer, apointed by King George II, arrived from England. A former navy captain, John Reynolds got a hearty welcome in Savanah, with bells ringing and guns saluting him.
    The year that Governor Reynolds came to GA was also the year that the conflict known in the colonies as the French and Indian War began in Ohio valley, far north of GA. It started as a struggle between Great Britain and France for the land west of the Appalachian Mountains
  • Henry Ellis arrives in colony

    Henry Ellis  arrives in colony
    In February 1757, the newly appointed Henry Ellis arrived to a cheering crowd in Savanah. Ellis was suprised at how bad some of the conditions in GA. Buildings, most of them made of wood, were in disrepair. The colony badly needed defenses, and the people were, he said, "exceedingly dissatisfied with each other.' A capable leader, Ellis set about to work with Georgians to improve the colony, and he soon became very popular with all GA groups
    *Not actual picture of Henry Ellis I couldnnt find it.
  • Ga Divided into Parishes

    Ga Divided into Parishes
    March 1758, GA was divided into eight parishes, which were both government and religious districts. After that, representatives to the assembly were elected from thier parishes.
  • James Wright became royal governor

    James Wright became royal governor
    Before he left in 1760, Ellis welcomed the third, and final, royal governor to the colony, forty -four-year James Wright. Wright was a very good leader for GA. Although ha had been raised in England , he had spent much of adult life in South Carolina, so he understood th colonies and was used to the southern climate.
  • French and Indian War Ended; treaty of Augusta

    French and Indian War Ended; treaty of Augusta
    The French and Indian War ended with a British victory. The Treaty of Paris, signed in 1763, benefited the young GA colony. According to its terms, Spain gave up Florida to the British. France gave up its North American lands. Great Britain received Canada and French land east of the Mississippi River. Although it gave up Florida, Spain recieved the lad west of the Mississippi River. So GA's borders now extended to the Mississippi River, Not the Pacific Ocean.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    The Boston Tea Party (referred to in its time simply as "the destruction of the tea" or by other informal names and so named until half a century later,) was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, a city in the British colony of Massachusetts, against the tax policy of the British government and the East India Company that controlled all the tea imported into the colonies. On December 16, 1773, after officials in Boston refused to return three shiploads of taxed tea to Britain,
  • Intolerable Acts Passed

    Intolerable Acts Passed
    British King George III was outraged at what he and Parliament saw as acriminal action-destroying the East Inda Company's property. He believed that the colonies had to be brought under control. As a result, Parliament enacted a series of laws to punish Boston and the Massachusetts colony. They were trying to make an example of what the government would do to colonies who participated in illegal behavior.
  • Battles at Lexington and Concord

    Battles at Lexington and Concord
    The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. They were fought on April 19, 1775, in Middlesex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay, within the towns of Lexington, Concord, Lincoln, Menotomy (present-day Arlington), and Cambridge, near Boston. The battles marked the outbreak of open armed conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and its thirteen colonies in the mainland of British North America.
  • Decleration of Independence Written

    Decleration of Independence Written
    The Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire. It was written by Thomas Jefferson in Library of Congress in Washington D.C.. It was Drafted in July 1776 but it was Ratified in July 4.
  • Treaty of Paris ended Revolutionary War; Treaty of Augusta

    Treaty of Paris ended Revolutionary War; Treaty  of Augusta
    The US and Britain signed the Treaty of Paris in 1783. The Treaty gave the Patriots the two things they wanted. First, the king agreed to that the US was an independent nation. Second, the Americans gained land. The US reached north to British Canada, west to the Miss. River, and south to Spanish Florida.
  • University of GA Established (UGA)

    University of GA Established (UGA)
    The University of Georgia (UGA) is a public research university located in Athens, Georgia, United States. Founded in 1785, it is the oldest and largest of the state's institutions of higher learning and is one of multiple schools to claim the title of the oldest public university in the United States. UGA offers seventy-nine degree programs in a wide range of disciplines and enrolls about 26,000 undergraduate and about 9,000 graduate students from the United States and around the world every yr
  • Invention of the Cotton Gin

    Invention of the Cotton Gin
    The cotton gin is a machine designed to remove cotton from its seeds. The process uses a small screen and pulling hooks to force the cotton through the screen. It was invented by Eli Whitney on March 14, 1793, one of the many inventions that occurred during the American Industrial Revolution.
  • Yazoo Land Fraud

    Yazoo Land Fraud
    The Yazoo land scandal, Yazoo fraud, Yazoo land fraud, or Yazoo land controversy was a massive fraud perpetrated from 1795 to 1803 by several Georgia governors and the state legislature. They sold large tracts of land in what is now the state of Mississippi to political insiders at very low prices.
  • University of GA opened (UGA)

    University of GA opened (UGA)
    The first classes at UGA were held in 1801, in what was called the Franklin College, named in honor of Benjamin Franklin. The first graduating class graduated on May 31, 1804.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830. The act authorized him to negotiate with the Indians in the Southern United States for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their homelands. These laws are what have lead up to the Trail of Tears in 1838.
  • Worcester v. GA

    Worcester v. GA
    Worcester v. Georgia, was a case in which the United States Supreme Court vacated the conviction of Samuel Worcester and held that the Georgia criminal statute that prohibited non-Indians from being present on Indian lands without a license from the state was unconstitutional.Georgia passed laws restricting authority of the Cherokee over their lands. The Case was Argued on Feb. 20 1832 but decided on March 3, 1832.