Georgia History Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1000

    Paleo Culture

    Paleo Culture
    The Paleo Culture existed 12,000 years ago.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Archaic Culture

    Archaic Culture
    They used only temporary shelter. Hunters hunted with thinner and more pointed spearheads. Once they saw the extinction of big animals they started depending on fish and nuts. Their time period was 8,000 B.C. to 1,000 B.C.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Woodland Culture

    Woodland Culture
    The Woodland Indians developed in agriculture. They hunted with bows and arrows. The Woodland INdians also lived in villages. They planted most of their food, and they also fished for food.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Mississippian Culture

    Mississippian Culture
    They grew crops and relied on beans and corn. The MIssissippian Indians didn't really hunt food. They also painted pottery. Mississippian Indians lived in village like homes.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1175 to

    American Revolution

    The French and Indian war was a nine year war between the French and British. The Proclamation of 1763 was issued by King George the third. The Intolerable Acts was four laws enacted by British to punish the colonists. The Declaration of Independence was a document stating the reasons colonists were upset.
  • Mar 1, 1540

    Hernando de Soto

    Hernando de Soto
    He explored georgia and other south eastern states in search of gold. He failed to find any gold. De soto destroyed the native population through diseases and cruelty. His journey did provide imporatant historical information.
  • Charter of 1732

    Charter of 1732
    In the charter, the king stated that the trustees could not own land, hold political office, or be given money for their work. Catholics, blacks, liquor dealers, and lawyers could not become colonists. Blacks were not admitted so as not to introduce salvery. They feared settlers wouldnt work if liquor was permitted. They wanted colonists to settle their differences out of court.
  • Georgia Founded by James Oglethorpe

    Georgia Founded by James Oglethorpe
    Oglethorpe prosed a colony to poor and wealthy people. It was to help them with a new start. Oglethorpe also went on an expedition. The new colony was for defense, charity, and economic growth. It offered religious freedoms, and helped keep people out of prison.
  • Salzburgers Arrive

    Salzburgers Arrive
    They arrived in Savannah, Ebenezer in 1734. The Salzburgers were led by Oglethorpe. The settlers had suffered many hardships. There were many deaths and sickness so they asked Oglethorpe to relocate their settlement.
  • Highland Scotts arrive in Georgia

    Highland Scotts arrive in Georgia
    They were warriors and among the world's finest soldiers. James Oglethorpe recruited about 175 of them. Huts were built for them and their families. They had brought their own minister. The Highand Scotts had come to Georgia to defend colonies. SPain and Florida were their biggest threats.
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    John Reynolds

    He was the first royal governor. He was a formal naval captian. Established a structure for governemnt courts. Members were dissatisfied with him. He was bossy and he angered the legislature.
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    Henry Ellis

    He was the second royal governor. Responsible for self-governmemt in Georgia. Made a friendly relationship with the Creek Indians. Poor health forced Henry out of office.
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    James Wright

    Was the third royal governor. Was a governor during the American Revolution. During his term, Georgiahad expanded. Wright was arrested in 1776 by patriots. Came back to savannah but left foor good in 1782.
  • Austin Dabney

    Austin Dabney
    Austin Dabney was a freedom mulatto. He was the first non-white (black) to fight in the Revolution from GA. Dabney recieved land in Madison County for his service. He was also injured in the battle.
  • Elijah Clarke and the Battle of Kettle Creek

    Elijah Clarke and the Battle of Kettle Creek
    Elijah led the troops at Kettle Creek. They defeated a group of 800 British troops. Patriots took needed weapons, horses, and raised the spirits of the Georgia Militia.
  • Articles of Confederation Ratified by all 13 States

    Articles of Confederation Ratified by all 13 States
    State governments had to much power. The national governement could not collect taxes, enforce laws, or control trade. There was no excutive branch (president) or a judicial branch.
  • University of Georgia Established

    University of Georgia Established
    Georgia establishes UGA as America's first state-supported university (public). A land grant university is when a state government provides the land. Abraham Baldwin was the first president. Athens, Georgia was named because the center of learning in Georgia.
  • Constitution Convention of 1787

    Constitution Convention of 1787
    The bi-cameral legislature benefited both big and small states. Three out of five slaves were counted toward population. Those slaves were also taxed. The first ten ammendements to the constitution gaurenteed rights for citizens.
  • Georgia Ratifies the US Constitution

    Georgia Ratifies the US Constitution
    William Few and Abraham Baldwin were the two people from Georgia to sign the constitution.
  • Invention of the Cotton Gin

    Invention of the Cotton Gin
    Eli Whitney was the inventor. The cotton gin is a machine that automatted the seperation of cotton-seeds from the cotton fiber. It made a better impact on Georgia.
  • Yazoo Land Fraud

    Yazoo Land Fraud
    It was the most widley known fraud in the U.S. in 1795. It involved land in the western part of Georgia. Land companies formed to buy large pieces of land. Some dishonest county leaders began selling unsuitable land.
  • Capital moves from Augasta to Louisville

    Capital moves from Augasta to Louisville
    Capital moves west to stay centralized geographically and based on population. The state house opened in May of 1795. It was named in honor of King Louis VXl. He lived in France. The legislature wanted it centralized.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The purpose was to ensure a balance between free and slaved states. Congress adopted the Missouri Compromise in 1820.
  • Dahlonega Gold Rush

    Dahlonega Gold Rush
    Gold was found in Dahlonega in the summer of 1829. It was found by Benjamin Parks. Ten thousand miners had moved into Cherokee land. It had many effects on the Cherokees, like lost homes and land.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    It was signed in May of 1830 by President Jackson. The act removed Indians from United States lands. They were forced. All of this resukted in the Trail Of Tears.
  • Worecester vs Georgia

    Worecester vs Georgia
    This was a supreme court case of Samuel W, vs. Georgia. Samuel and ten others refused to sign allegiance to Georgia. All of them were jailed. Worecester was only released from jail because he finally signed it.
  • Dred Scott Case

    Dred Scott Case
    Dred Scott was taken by his owner from the state of Mississippi, llinoise, a free state. He filed a lawsuit claiming he was freee since he had lived in a free state. The Dred Scott decision further divided the North and South. That had pushed them closer to war.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    Term used for the forced removal of the Cherokee Indians. Many of the Cherokee died from disease, starvation, and cold on their journey.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Although there was strong opposition on both sides, Clay's Compromise of 1850 was passed by congress. The Slave trading was ended in the District of Columbia. Residents of The District Of Columbia could keep the slaves they already had though.
  • Kansas Newbraska Act

    Kansas Newbraska Act
    In 1854 Stephen Douglas brought about passage of the act. Northerners were very angry with this. The Kansas Newbraska Act opened new lands for settlement.
  • Election Of 1860

    Election Of 1860
    This was the 19th quadrennial presidential election. This was the immediate outbreak for the Civil War. The northerns felt that Stephen Douglas could defeat the "Black Republicans".
  • Georgia Secedes

    Georgia Secedes
    Georgia had seceded from The Union which was called the Ga. Secession. The Georgia Secession was followed by two decades with intense conflict. It hastened the outbreak of the civil war, also. It did bring war and the end of slavery.
  • Union Blockade

    Union Blockade
    Union forces had established a port that prevents cotton from being exported during the Civil War. The blockade successfully prevented confederate access to weapons. The union continued to blockade the south until the war ended.
  • Antietnam

    North and south armies collided at Antietnam. The battle of Antietnam was North Virgina's army's first invasion into the north. The Union had won the battle.
  • Gettysburg

    The Battle Of Gettysburg was a turning point in the Civil War. The battle resulted in an union victory.
  • Chickamauga

    This was a major railroad center. It was the first major battle of the war that was fault in Georgia. The south had won. It was also the most significant Union defeat.
  • Fugitive Slave Laws

    Fugitive Slave Laws
    These laws were passed by congress in 1793. They were both federal laws. These laws allowed the capture and return of run away slaves.
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    Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman gathered people and marched to Atlanta. Damage from the march was as high as 100 million dollars. Sherman knew there was treasure in Savannah so he did not burn it.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The 13th amendment abolished slavery. It was passed by congress in January 1865 and ratified by states on December 18. President Andrew Johnson ratified the amendement.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    This smanedment granted citizenship to the freedom. Forbade any state from denying the equal protection of law.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    This amendment granted males of all races the right to vote. It was summited to states in Febuary of 1869. It got ratified in 1870.
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    Jim Crow Laws

    These were racial laws. They mandated segragation in all public places in southern states. "Seperate but equal" started for African Americans. Blacks and whites could not use the same water fountains, bathrooms, etc because of these laws.
  • International Cotton Exposition

    International Cotton Exposition
    This was held on the grounds of Oglethorpe Park. This was an exposition that hosted over 1,000 exhibits. This attracted tourists and others.
  • Mayor Hartsfield

    Mayor Hartsfield
    He was the mayor of Atlanta, Georgia. His goal was to make Atlanta a transportation system. The Hartsfield-Jackson airport is named after him. That airport is one of the busiest in the world.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Plessy sat in an all white railroad car and refused to sit in the black railroad car and was arrested. In this supreme court case the United States supreme court accepts segragation. They said blacks were "seperate but equal".
  • 1906 Atlanta Riot

    1906 Atlanta Riot
    Whites killed dozens of African Americans during this. City leaders tried to calm the mob down, but failed. The mob attacked black owned bussiness. They smashed the windows of Alonzo Herndon's barber shop even though he was home when it occured. The militia was summoned around midnight.
  • Leo Frank Case

    Leo Frank Case
    Leo Frank was one of the people accused of murding Mary Phagan. Both of them worked in a pencil factory. Leo was a Jewish-American. He had got hung so people could finally say they hung a Jewish person. JIm crow was a black man who worked in the pencil factory and also got accused of
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    The cause was the assination of Archduke Ferdinand. There were two main sides, the allies. They were France, Great Britian, and Russia; and Germany and Austria Hungary. Thirty countries were involved in this conflict. By the end of WW1 millions of soldiers had been killed.
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    Great Depression

    The United States had borrowed more money than they could afford to repay, leading to the Great Depression. Many factors produced more goods than they could sell. The demand for goods fell. When stock markets crashed, banks lost a lot of money.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    This was a stock market crash. One of the most devestating in the history of the United States. More than 16 million shares were traded. This signalled the start of the Great Depression.
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    Rooselvelts New Deal

    Rooselvelts new deal programs were Agricultural Adjustment System, Social Security, Civilian Conservation Corps, and Rural Electificational Administration. The AA was created in March 1933 and it paid farmers not to plant crops on their land. SS was provided for people who couldn't work with children and people with disabilities. Georgia had over 100 CCC camps. REA gave most people access to electricity in the 1930's.
  • Fdr Elected

    Fdr Elected
    He was elected as the 32nd president. Rooselvelt won in both the electoral and popular vote. His New Deal programs helped the economy out a lot and got them back on track after the Great Depression.
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    Adolf H. was the chancellor of Germany. Jews were treated very bad during this time, and 6,000,000 Jews were murdered and Jew communities were destroyed.
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    World War 2

    World War two was the most deadlist in history. More than 30 countries were involved in this war. Many people had died. The war went on for 6 more years until the final allied defeated Nazi Germany and Japan in 1945.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    United States stopped exporting planes, metals, aiircrafts, and gasoline to Japan. Japanese fighter planes attacked the U.S. base at pearl harbor. More than 2,500 people died.
  • FDR Dies (Warm Springs, GA)

    FDR Dies (Warm Springs, GA)
    He died in his little white house in Warm Springs, Georgia. Rooselvelt died of Polio. The springs relieved his pain through heat and minerals. The more time he spent in Georgia gave him insight into the proverty problems.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Linda Brown tried to enroll in a white only school. The school was in Topeka, Kansas. "Seperate but equal" was ruled for public schools. Progress between integrated schools continued then.
  • Sibley Commission

    Sibley Commission
    In 1960 the governor was forced to close public schools or desegragate them. Sibley believed in segragaion but he hoped to minumize it. He had held many public hearings across the state. In Janaury 1961 the governor introduced a bill that accepted Sibley's recommendations for desegragtion.
  • First AA Students At UGA

    First AA Students At UGA
    Halmiton Holmes and Hunter, two black students, turned out to be UGA's most successful graduates. When they first applied to UGA they got denied. They resubmitted their application each quarter but continued to get rejected. The judged, William B. said that the students would have already been submitted if it wasn't for race and color, and they got submitted afterwards.
  • Albany Movement

    Albany Movement
    This was a protest to desegregate schools in Albany. It was six years after Brown vs Board Of Education. Albany schools still are not segregated. Martin Luther King JR. and SNCC led the protest and was arrested.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    Martin Luther King JR. gave the "I have a dream" speech during this event. The March on Washington was to encourage the passage of the Civil Rights Act.
  • Maynard Jackson

    Maynard Jackson
    He was the first African American mayor of Atlanta, GA. He served three terms. There was much progress with racism when he served his first term. He helped with the rebuilding of the Hartsfield airport. It was renamed Hartsfield-Jackson airport after his death. Jackson also fought against the construction of freeways in neighborhoods,
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    Jimmy Carter, President

    He was the only president from Georgia. Carter was a democrat who supported human rights. He had created the Department of Education. Sometimes Jimmy was considered one of the worst presidents in our country.
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    1996 Summer Olympics

    The games were located in Atlanta, GA. It had brought exposure to Georgia. The games also brought in money through taxes and television deals. A bomb had also went off and killed 4-7 people.
  • Andersonville

    Andersonville, GA. is located in Sumter, County. This was known for its famous prison camp. During the Civil War Camp Sumter was established for incoming union prisoners.
  • Mayor Ivan Allen

    Mayor Ivan Allen
    He intergated the Atlanta Police Department by hiring eight African American officers. Allen removed all of the black and white only signs. He also brought pro sports teams to Georgia.
  • Rebecca L. Felton

    Rebecca L. Felton
    She was the first women to serve in the United States senate. She only served for one day. We honor her as a Georgia Woman of Achievement.
  • County Unit System

    County Unit System
    This was established when the Georgia legislature dominated the the Democratic party. This was a voting system. The 159 counties were divided by population.