Georgia History Timeline Project

  • Jan 1, 1000


    The Paleo - Indian period spans from approximately 151000 B.C. to the end of the Pleistocene Ice age about 7000 B.C. The period marks the first colonization of the New World by homo sapiens. It is generally agreed that these early people same to the Americas from Asia either by way of a lanct bridge.
  • Jan 1, 1000


    The Archaic period is the name given to generallized hunter gatherer. Societies in the amoricon continents from approximately 8000 to 2000 years B.C. A rchaic lifestyles included a dependence onelk deer and bison.
  • Jan 1, 1000


    The Woodland period of North America pre-Columbian cultures was roughly 1000BCE to 1000CE in the eastern part of North America. The Woodland period was introduced in the 1930s as a genric header. Eastern Woodlands cultural region covers what is now eastern Canada.
  • May 1, 1539

    Hernando de Soto

    Hernando de Soto
    In May 1534 de Soto landed nine ships with over 620 surviving men and 220 horses at what is present day Shaw's Point. He named it Espiritu Santo after the Holy Spirit.
  • Mississippian

    The Mississippian period in the midwestern and southeastern United States. The time period lasted about from A.D. 800 to 1600. They grew most of their food in small gardens.
  • Charter of 1732

    Charter of 1732
    The first twenty years of Georgia history are referred to as trustee Georgia. The reason for this is because during that time a Board of Trustees governed the colony. England's King George II signed a charter establishing the colony and creating it's governing board on April 21, 1732.
  • Salzburgers Arrive

    Salzburgers Arrive
    The Georgia Salzburgers are a group of German-speaking Protestant colonists. They founded the town of Ebenezer in what is now Effingham. Arriving in 1734 the group recieved support from King George II if England.
  • Capital Moved To Louisville

    Capital Moved To Louisville
    The gold-covered capital dome in the Atlanta skyline signifies that the city is home to Georgia's State Government. Of Georgia's five contiguous states, only in South Carolina does that largest city serve as capitol. In fact, in only seventeen states is the state capitol also the largest city.
  • Highland Scots Arrive

    Highland Scots Arrive
    There was a huge number of English colonists that were upset by the rules imposed on them. They were not the origional settelers who were to arrive with monetary assistance. Malcontents could pay their own way.
  • American Revolution

    American Revolution
    The American Revolution was an upheaval that took place between 1765 and 1783. American colonies rejected the British monarchy and aristicracy. Starting in 1765 members of American colonial society rejected the authority.
  • Clarke Elijah

    Clarke Elijah
    Elijah Clarke was birn in North Carolina in 1742. He was a frontiersman and Revolutioary War hero.
  • University of Georgia Founded

    University of Georgia Founded
    On January 27, 1785, Georgia became the first state to charter a state-supported university. In 1784 the General Assembly had set aside 40,000 acres of land to endow a college or seminary of learning. February 13,1786, Abraham Baldwin was selected president of the university.
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    This took place from May 25 to September 17, 1787. The convention was intended to revise the articles of the confederation. James Madisin and Akexander Hamilton was to create a new government.
  • Georgia Founded

    Georgia Founded
    In 1732 James Oglethorpe was given a charter from King George II. This was located between South Carolina and Flordia. One of its main purposes was to serve as a place where debtors were inprisoned.
  • GA Ratifies constitution

    GA Ratifies constitution
    GA elected six delegates to the constitutional convention in Philadelphia in the summer of 1787. The convention had the authority to revise the Articles of confederation. Instead the 55 delegates produced an entirely new system of governing.
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    Yazoo Land Fraud

    The Yazoo Land Fraud was one of the most significant events in the post-revolutionary war history of Georgia. The Yazoo sale of 1795 did much to shape Georgia politics and to strain relations with the federal government for a generation. Georgia was too weak after the revolution to defend its vast western lands claims, called the "Yazoo Lands" after the river that flowed through its western most parts.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    In the years leading up to the Missouri Compromise of 1820 tensions began to arise between pro-slavery and anti-slavery. After Missouri's request for admission they reached a boiling point. The Missouri Compromise was a United States federal statute devised by Henry Clay.
  • Eli Whitney And The Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney And The Cotton Gin
    This was one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution. It shaped the economy of the Antebellum South. Whitney's invention made cotton into a profitable crop. Whitney lost many profits in legal battles over patent infringement for the cotton gin.
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    Dahlonega Gold Rush

    No one is really certain who made the first discovery or when. John Witheroods found a three ounce nugget along Duke's Creek in Habersham County. Another says that Jesse Hogan, a prospector from North Carolina found gold in Ward's Creek near Dahlonega.
  • Austin Dabney

    Austin Dabney
    Austin Dabney was a slave who became a private. He was the only African American to be granted land. He was born ib Wake County, North Carolina in the 1760's.
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    Trail Of Tears

    At the beginning of the 1830's nearly 25,000 Native Americans lived on millions of acres of land in Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Florida. By the end of the decade very few natives remained anywhere in the Southeastern United States. Most of the natives were working on behalf of the white settlers who grew cotton on the Indian's land.
  • Worchester V. Georgia

    Worchester V. Georgia
    Court held in 1832 found that the Cherokee Indians constitution a nation holding distinct sovereign power. In the 1820's and 1830's Georgia conducted a relentless campaign to remove the Cherokees. The Cherokees held territory within the borders of Georgia, North Carolina, Alabama, and Tennessee.
  • Compromise Of 1850

    Compromise Of 1850
    The Compromise of 1850 was a package of five seperate bills. The compromise diffused a four year political confrontation between slavery and freedom. It was drafted by whig senator Henry Clay of Kentucky and brokered by Clay a Democratic Senator.
  • Georgia Platform

    Georgia Platform
    In a special state convention a proclamation called the Georgia Platform was adopted. The act was instrumental in averting a national crisis. Slavery had been at the core of sectional tension between the north and south.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. It opened new lands for settlement and had the affect of repealling the Missouri Compromise of 1820. It allowed white male settlers in those territories to determine through popular sovereignty.
  • Tom Watson and the Populists

    In his early years he was characterized as a liberal. In later years he emerged as a force for white supremacy. He was elected the the Georgia General Assembly in 1882.
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    Dred Scott Case

    In 1857 the U.S. Supreme Court issued its decision in the case of Dred Scott. The case had been brought before the court by Dred Scott. Scott argued that his time spent in these locations entitled him to emancipation.
  • Alonzo Herndon

    Alonzo Herndon was born a slave. He was the child of a white master Frank Herndon and an enslaved woman named Sophenie. He was emancipated in 1865 when he was seven years old. His family worked in share cropping in the social circle.
  • Election Of 1860

    Election Of 1860
    The Democratic Party was in disarray in 1860. They convened in Charleston South Carolina to choose their presidential candidate. Southern elements insisted that the nominating convention make a strong statement.
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    International Cotton Exposition

    In the late nineteenth century fairs and expositions attracted visitors and investors. These events provided civic leaders with a showcase to lure visitors. In the years of 1861-1865 Atlanta's leaders hosted a series of three "cotton expositions."
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    Union Blockade Of Georgia

    The Union Blockade in the Civil War was a naval strategy by the U.S.. The blockade was proclaimed by President Abraham Lincoln in April 1861. The Union commissioned 500 ships.
  • Battle Of Antietam

    Battle Of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam is also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg. It is the bloodiest single day in American history. George B. McClellen launched attacks against Lee's army.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The E.P. was a presidential proclamation and executive order. In a single stroke it changed the federal status. Eventually it reached and liberated all of the designated slaves.
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    Battle Of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg was fought over three days in July 1863 near the town of Gettysburg Pennsylvania. The battle resulted in the largest number of casualties.
  • Battle of Chickamauga

    Battle of Chickamauga
    The Battle of Chickamauga was fought in September 1863. This battle was the most significant Union defeat. It was the first major battle during the war in Georgia.
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    Andersonville Prison Camp

    The Andersonville National Historic Site is located near Andersonville Georgia. Most of the site lies in southwestern Macon County. The site is an iconic reminder of the horrors of the civil war prisons.
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    Sherman's Atlanta Campaign

    The Atlanta Campaign was a series of battles fought in the Western Theater. Johnson's army from Tennessee withdrew from Atlanta. Hood's army was eventually besieged in Atlanta.
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    Sherman's March To The Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea is the name commonly given to the Savannah Campaign. The American Civil War conducted through Georgia from Nov. 15 through Dec 21,1864. The campaign began with Shermann's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta.
  • The Thirteenth Amendment

    The Thirteenth Amendment
    The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution established slavery and involuntary servitude. The Amendment was ratified by the requiring number of states. Slavery had been enshrined in the original constitution.
  • Freedman's Bureau

    Freedman's Bureau
    The Freedman's Bureau Bill which established the Freedman's Bureau on March 3, 1865. The Freedman's Bureau was an important agency of early reconstruction. The Bureau was made a part of the United States Department of War.
  • Ku Klux Klan

    Ku Klux Klan
    The Ku Klux Klan was also known as "the Klan". The organization sought to overthrough the republic. The second group was founded in 1915.
  • Web DuBois

    Born in Great Barrington Massachusetts, DuBois grew up in a relatively tolerant and intergrated community. After completeling graduate work at the Universtity of Berlin and Harvard, Dubois became one of the co-founders of the NAACP in 1909.
  • Fourteenth Amendment

    Fourteenth Amendment
    The Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was on July 9, 1868. The Amendment addresses citizenships, rights, and equal protection. The Amendment was bitterly contested particularly by southern states.
  • The Fifteenth Amendment

    The Fifteenth Amendment
    The Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. prohibits Federal and State Government from preventing a citizen the right to vote based on color, race, or previous condition of servitude. It was ratified of Feb.,1870. Congress repeadidly debated the rights of milllions.
  • Atlanta Braves

    On Jan 20,1871 the bosten red stockings were incorporated by ivers whitney adams. In fact the franchise out as the bosten red stockings. Braves is one of 30 major legue franchises.
  • John and Lugenia Hope

    Throughout her youth Lugenia Burns worked for various charitable organizations. Between 1890 and 1893 she attended art schools in Chicago. Lugenia married John Hope in 1847 and moved to Atlanta after John joined the faculty of the Atlanta Baptist College.
  • Carl Vinson

    Carl Vinson was a U.S. Representative from Georgia. He was a Democrat. He was also known as "The Father of the Two Ocean Navy."
  • Eugene Talmadge

    Eugene Talmadge was the 67th governor of Georgia. He was elected for four terms as governor. To date only Joe Brown and Eugene Talmadge have been elected for four terms.
  • Booker T. Washington

    Booker T. Washington was and African American educator, author, and advisor. Between 1890 and 1915, Washington was the dominant leader in the African-American community. Washington was from the last generation of black American leaders born into slavery.
  • William b. Hartsfield

    William B, Hartsfield was a very humble man of orgins and became one of the greatist mayors of Atlanta. William B. Hartsfield was the youngest child out of three he was born on March the 1,1890 and he died on feb 22, 1971. In 1924 William lost his first election but won his second time in 1925.
  • Benjamin Mays

    Bejamin Mays is perhaps the best known for being the president of morehouse. Mays was really good at being a leader. He was a very good mentor.
  • Richard Russell

    Richard B. Russell Jr. was an american politician from Georgia. He was a member of the Democratic Party. Russell was a founder and leader of the Conservative Coalition.
  • 1906 Atlanta Riot

    On September 22-24, 1906 the Atlanta race riot began. Local newspaper reports of alleged assaults by black males on white females. By the 1880's Atlanta had vecome the hub of the regional economy.
  • Ivan Allen Jr.

    Ivan Allen Jr. served as moyor of Atlanta for 8 years. Allen was born on March the 15, 1911 but sadly died in the year 2003. When martin luther hing was assassinated in 1968 Ivan helped arranged a funeral.
  • Herman Talmadge

    In the early 1947 herman talmadge the son of eugene talmadge served as governor of GA for a breif amount of time. Herman was born in Aug 9,1913ang died in march 21,2002.In 1956 talmadge was elected to the first of four terms in the u.s. senate.
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    World War 1

    World War 1 was also know as The Great War. This war was a global war centered in Europe. More than 130 million people were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history.
  • Henry Mcneal Turner

    Henry Mcneal Turner
    Henry Mcneal Turner was a minister. He was born free in South Carolina. Turner joined the AME Church est. in Missouri in 1858.
  • Leo Frank Case

    The Leo Frank case was one of the most notorious and highly publicized cases in the legal annals of Georgia. A Jewish man in Atlanta was placed on trial and was convicted. Two years after the lynching of Frank the case became known throughout the nation.
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    County Unit System

    The county unit system was established in 1917 and was used until early 1960's. This act formalized what had operated as an informal system. Instituted in Georgia in 1898, the county unit system continued to be used in Democratic primaries.
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    The Great Depression

    The Great Depression was caused when the stockmarket crashed on September 4, 1929. It was the longest and deepest depression of the twentieth century. Many people suffered with lack of work and food. It lasted until the mid 1930's.
  • Civilian Conservation Corps

    The Civilian Conservation Corps was a public work relief program that operated from 1933-1942. Originally for young men ages 18-23. Robert Fechrer was the head of the agency.
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act

    The Agricultural Adjustment Act was a United States Federal law of the new deal. Its purpose was to reduce crop surplus and therefore effectively raies the value of crops. The money for these subsidies was generated through an exclusive tax on companies.
  • Social Security

    The Social Security Act of 1934 was created during Franklin D. Roosevelt's first term. The act was an attempt to limit what was seen as dangerous. By signing this act the President became the first president to advocate federal assistance for the elderly.
  • Rural Electrification

    The Rural Electrification Act of 1936 provided federal loans for the installation of electrical distribution systems to severely isolated rural areas of the United States. The fundig was channeled through cooperative electric power companies.
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    World War 2

    World War 2 was also known as the Second World War. It was a global war that lasted six years. It involved the vast majority of the world's nations.
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    The Holocaust was also known as Shoah. Killings took place throughout Nazi Germany and German occupied territories. From 1941-1945, Jews were systematically murdered in a genocide.
  • Pearl Harbor

    The attack on Pearl Harbor is also known a the Battle of Pearl Harbor. The Japanese Military unleased a suprise military strike on Pearl Harbor Naval Base. This attack led to the U.S. entry into World War 2.
  • Atlanta Hawks

    The atlanta hawks are a professional basketball team. The hawks compete in national basketball association. The hawks play their home games at philips arena.
  • Atlanta Falcons

    Atlanta Falcons are a professional football team. They were born on 1965. The NFL commissioner Pete Rozelle granted ownership.