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ED 213 Comparative Timeline by Erica Harris

  • Georgia is Established as a Colony

    King George sent James Ogelthorpe to establish colonies. He and 114 settlers went to Savannah, which at the time became the capitol of Georgia. Georgia was the 13th colony established.
  • Georgia gets its Name

    Georgia was named after King George II of England. James Ogelthorpe set off to establish a colony southwest of Carolina. The terms of the name of the colony, which was that it was to be named after the king, were put into place before the colony was established.
  • New Laws Under the Trustee Rules

    Three new laws were passed in Georgia under the Trustee rules. 1. Slaves were prohibited in Georgia. 2. Rum was prohibited in Georgia. 3. A purchase license was required before trading with the Indians. All of these laws had to be signed by the king.
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    War of Jenkins' Ear

  • Battle of Bloody Marsh

    This was the last battle against Spain in the War of Jenkins' Ear. This was a great victory for Ogelthorpe and Georgia. Ogelthorpe killed 170 to 200 Spaniards.
  • 1st Royal Governor

    John Reynolds was appointed the first royal governor of Georgia. He was not working out very well and considered ineffective. His time came to an end in 1756
  • Sugar Act of 1764

  • Signing of the Declaration of Independence

  • Seige of Savannah

    This was a battle that took place between America and the British. The French also participated. This battle was a failing attempt to free the city from British rule.
  • Ratification of the Treaty of Paris

  • 14th Amendment

  • 13th Amendment

  • Invention of the Cotton Gin

    This invention revolutionized the production of cotton. It was invented by Eli Whitney. This invention increased the output of cotton tremendously. In 1859, Georgia's output of cotton accounted for more than 15% of the US output in total.
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    War of 1812

  • Battle at Horseshoe Bend

    Andrew Jackson defeated the Creek Indians in what is now Alabama. This victory led to the Treaty of Fort Jackson and the largest loss of land that Georgia had.
  • Treaty of Fort Jackson

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    The Great Intrusion

    This was also known as The Gold Rush. Once people got word that there was gold in Georgia, they came from all over to try to obtain it. This forced the Indians out of their homeland and set them on the Trail of Tears.
  • Indian Removal Act

  • Trail of Tears

    As a result of the Gold Rush or the Great Intrusion, the Indians were forced out of Georgia to find a new place to settle. The colonists took over their homes and left them with almost nothing.
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    Civil War

  • Emancipation Proclamation

  • Wesleyan College

    Wesleyan College was established in Macon. This was the first school that gave degrees to women.
  • Sherman's March to the Sea

    This was a devastating event for Georgia. General William T. Sherman took 60,000 troops on a march through Georgia. They literally burned fields and farmlands to the ground. They rocked the colony by depleting land and resources.
  • Abraham Lincoln Assassination

  • Founding of Ku Klux Klan

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    Reconstructive Era

    The Reconstruction Era brought promises of 40 acres of land and a mule for all former slaves. Many Blacks registered to vote and there were also black officials that were voted into office. Sharecropping was used to replace the slavery system. Though this was a progressive era, economic and educational improvements were not made for the Black community.
  • Atlanta Becomes State Capitol

    Because the railroad transportation system was superior and the amount of people that lived in the city was so large, the capitol was moved from Milledgeville to Atlanta.
  • 15th Amendment

  • Compromise of 1877

  • Spanish American War

  • Populist Party

    The Populist Party was established by Thomas E. Watson. It offered banking and railroad reform. This was an open door for black farmers to participate. There were many economic advantages.
  • The Atlanta Compromise

    This was a speech given by Booker T. Washington at the Cotton States and International Exposition. He was asking for economic and educational advancement for Blacks that was equal to whites in exchange for submission to the Jim Crow Laws. He truly wanted the people to be separate but equal.
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    Atlanta Race Riot

    A three-day riot that was triggered by news headlines that read of assault on white women by black men. Whites flooded the streets looking for black people to attack. The sell of guns and ammo was banned but the only store owner that was arrested was selling guns to blacks.
  • Disenfranchisement Laws

    Laws were put into place that were meant to maintain the disenfranchisement of Black people. 1) Persons who served in US military during wartime; 2) All persons descended from those who served during wartime (known as the grandfather clause); 3) Persons who were of good character; 4) Those who could read, write, and interpret a paragraph of the constitution; and 5) Those persons who owned 40 acres of land or taxable property of at least $500.
  • Rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan

    After the lynching of Leo Frank, the KKK led a mod up to Stone Mountain in a ceremonial fashion.
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    The Great Depression

  • Agricultural Adjustment Administration

  • The New Deal

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    World War II

  • Delta Airlines Moves to Atlanta

    Because of Atlanta's location, Delta felt that it was a better choice to move the headquarters to Atlanta. The city contributed $50,000 to the construction.
  • Brown Vs. Board of Education

    This was a case in which the supreme court ruled laws to be "separate but equal" in regards to public education. It ruled segregation among children was unconstitutional. The Georgia politicians opted to close many schools instead of abiding by the laws.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

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    Results of the Voting Rights Act of 1965

    The Voting Rights Act of 1965 doubled the number of African American voters in the state of Georgia. The number of black elected officials went from 3 at the beginning of the 1960s to 30 by the end of the decade.
  • Integration of the University of Georgia

    Two black students, Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter were the first black students at University of Georgia. It went a lot smoother than expected.
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    The Albany Movement

    This was a stand off between law enforcement and black people of the city. It was considered to be the first act of protesting segregation. The movement was backed by the SCLC and SNCC.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

  • Assassination of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

  • Election of Jimmy Carter

  • Centennial Summer Olympic Games

    Atlanta hosted the Olympics in Centennial Olympic Park. In addition to the games entities like Home Depot, the Coca Cola Company, and UPS moving it's headquarters to Atlanta, this was all apart of the beginning of the thriving of Atlanta.