Colonisation Timeline

  • Aborigies wanted land rights!

    Aborigies wanted land rights!
    In 1960s, mining occurred on the Aboriginal lands without consultation or negotiation with the Aboriginal people. The Aboriginals weren’t every happy and started to protest saying ‘they deserve their land rights’
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    Australia's History

  • Abel Tasman saw New Holland (Australia)

    Abel Tasman saw New Holland (Australia)
    Abel Tasman was a Dutch explorer who set sail to find out if the land Dirk Hartog discovered was a part of that continent. Tasman took two ships and sailed east from Batavia. The ships then turned south and sailed beneath New Holland (now known as Australia). On 24 November 1642, Tasman saw land. He named it Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) after Antonio van Diemen, his employer. The ships followed the coast south and finally landed.
  • Abel Tasman discovered New Holland (Australia)

    Abel Tasman discovered New Holland (Australia)
    Tasman then sailed east and became the first European to see New Zealand, Tonga and Fiji. Tasman then sailed around New Holland, proving it was an continent. Now people believe Tasman was the greatest Dutch explorer because he found so many new lands.
  • Aborigines wanted their land rights!

    Aborigines wanted their land rights!
    The government acted and let the Aboriginals have some land rights in Northern Territory but the rule didn't apply to the some other parts of Australia.
  • Captain Cook arrived in Australia

    Captain Cook arrived in Australia
    Captain James Cook sailed to the South Pacific in 1768. He was on a mission to observe the planet Venus passing across the sun. Cook and his crew sailed to Tahiti, however Cook’s crew didn't know that Cook was also on a secret mission to find The Great Southern Land. He sailed to New Zealand and Australia in 1770 and explored the countries. When Captain Cook and his crew sailed into Botany Bay, it was the home of the Aboriginal people.
  • Captain Cook and his crew met the Aboriginies

    Captain Cook and his crew met the Aboriginies
    They had never seen a ship like Cook’s before. They tried to scare Captain Cook and his crew away, they stood on the shore, shouting and waving their spears. Cook’s crew fired guns at the Aboriginal people and they shot one person in the leg. The Aboriginals ran away and hid in the bush. Later, Cook and his crew tried to meet the Aboriginals but it was too late, the Aboriginals people kept well away from them. Cook and his crew sailed away one week after they arrived.
  • Captain Cook's diary...

    Captain Cook's diary...
    Cook wrote about the Aboriginal people in his diary: “All they seemed to want was us to be gone”
  • Why did Colonisation occur?

    Why did Colonisation occur?
    Britain didn’t want the Dutch, Spanish or anyone else to claim the land before they did therefore they brought over their convicts.
  • Why did Colonisation occur?

    Why did Colonisation occur?
    Another reason is that the Britain wanted to establish a port near Asia is to make it easier to trade with countries such as China and Japan as they have a huge population.
  • The First Fleet

    The First Fleet
    Back in the early days of Britain, jails were overflowing. Britain sailed convicts and free settlers to other countries such as Africa, America, etc because there were no more room for extra convicts back there. Because Britain's population was increasing, poverty kept growing. Many people stole bread, clothes, etc. After the War of American Independence, new states of America stopped taking in convicts therefore Britain was struggling to find new land to ship their convicts.
  • The First Fleet

    The First Fleet
    The government decided to send colonies to Australia. So in 1787, Governor Arthur Phillip left Great Britain and the First Fleet set sail to Australia including eleven ships, carrying 1350 people with 759 convicts and arrived in Botany Bay in 1788. Phillip then explored Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) and decided it was a great place to make a settlement. Over the next 80 years more than 160,000 convicts were sent to Australia.
  • The First Fleet

    The First Fleet
    When the Britain came to Australia, native people (Aborigines) were scared and some were even killed. However Arthur Phillip wanted to learn about the Aboriginal people. Therefore he told his soldiers to kidnap some of them. The soldiers took a man called Arabanoo. Arabanoo taught the British some of his language and he learnt some english words.
  • The First Fleet

    The First Fleet
    He also told them about how aboriginal people live. Many people began to die of a disease called smallpox. Phillip’s men brought some sick people to their camp, to help them get better. Arabanoo helped to look after them, but he caught the disease and died.
  • Why did Colonisation occur?

    Why did Colonisation occur?
    The Britain came to Australia because they needed more space for convicts because after the War of American Independence, the new American states stopped taking in new convicts, therefore they sent convicts to Australia.
  • Aboriginies wanted their land rights!

    Aboriginies wanted their land rights!
    Basically the Aboriginals kept protesting and the government gave the 5 land rights principles ( the Aboriginals have control in the Aboriginal land ). Then later on in the year, the mining industries found out they weren’t allowed to mine on Aboriginal land and they got angry...
  • The Gold Rush

    The Gold Rush
    The Gold Rush occurred in Australia between 1851 and 1861. When the gold was found in Australia, hundreds of people came from all over the world to dig for gold. It was a hard life digging for gold. Some people found nig nuggets of gold therefore some people became very rich however, lots didn’t. At the time Australia produced one third of the world’s gold. By the end of the 19th century, Australia was the largest producer of gold in the world.
  • What the Aboriginies thought about The Gold Rush

    What the Aboriginies thought about The Gold Rush
    The Aborigines weren’t very happy with people digging on their land therefore they got worked up about their land rights.
  • Australia was becoming a Federation

    Australia was becoming a Federation
    Federation is when all the colonies of Australia joined together to become nation and a part of the Commonwealth. Western Australia didn’t want to at first however after they agreed. During the 1890s, each colony sent representatives to a special meeting, to try to agree about how to create a new federation. Eventually the representatives agreed on the rules for a federal system and a draft constitution. The people of the colonies to vote to accept this new Australian Constitution.
  • Western Australia didn't want to join Ferdation

    Western Australia didn't want to join Ferdation
    Western Australia was not a party to the initial agreement but also agreed to join the federation before 1 January 1901. Western Australia at first didn’t want to join to Federation because the governor thought it was respectful to England to stay as a single colony, however later on, they were the last colony to join.
  • Australia became Federation

    Australia became Federation
    Then the decision was made and Australia was called the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act which began on 1 January 1901.The colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia and Tasmania united and became states of Australia, known as the Commonwealth of Australia.
  • Why did Australia fight?

    Why did Australia fight?
    More than 416 000 Australians joined up to fight for the “Mother Country”, which is what Britain was often called at the time. Britain was considered to be home, and Australians believed that it was their duty to fight to help defend the British Empire. They also believed that they were fighting to make the world a better and safer place.
  • The Aboriginal Flag was Created

    The Aboriginal Flag was Created
    In 1971, Harold Thomas designed the Aboriginal Flag. In 1960s Aborigines stepped up their campaign for indigenous land rights through protest marches, demonstrations, banners and posters. The protest increased in the early 1970s and Harold Thomas noticed they were often outnumbered by non-Aborigines with their own banners and placards. He decided they needed to be more visible and the idea of the flag was born.
  • Today

    Today
    Today Australia and England have a great connection and is very common including sport, commonwealth, history, culture, language, the British Empire and food. In sport we play England in the ashers in cricket also in the Commonwealth Games we go against all the nations in the Commonwealth. Also, on our money notes, we have the Queen’s face printed on it. England is Australia’s fifth largest trading partner. Both Australia and England have a great connection with each other :)
  • Aboriginies got their land rights!

    Aboriginies got their land rights!
    Nowadays, Aboriginals have land rights all over Australia.