Portugese sailors explore some of the northern and eastern coast
A Spaniard, de Quiros calls Vanuatu 'La Australia del spiritu santo' (the southern land of the Holy Spirit).
French sailors reach and describe the Great Barrier Reef.
Captain Cook arrives at Botany Bay.
The First Fleet arrives at Sydney Cove.First Anglican mass was held on 3rd of February.
Smallpox kills of half of the Aborigines in the Sydney area.
The first priest convicts Fathers harold , O'Neil and Dixon arrive. Other convicts from Italy, Austria ,Portugal and Poland also arrive.
The first public Mass is offered by Father Dixon. The first European settlement in Tasmania. And James Meehan begins survey work in NSW.
Fathers Harold, O'Neil, Dixon sent back to England, as they were accused of encouraging Catholics in the Castle Hill rebellion.
Father Jeremiah O'Flynn arrived from England without permission.The governed then gave permission for him to stay as long as does not work among Catholics. He said a public Mass and was then arrested and deported. O'Flynn left the Blessed Sacrament at James Dempsey's house. On Sundays people would gather there and pray the rosary.
Fathers Thierry and Connolly opens the first Catholic school in Parramatta.
Father Connolly goes to Tasmania and builds the first Catholic Church in Australia.
European settlement in Western Australia, the Swan River Colony.
Father John McEncore arrives.English penal laws against Catholics were ended.
JH Plunkett becomes a solicitor general, and Roger Therry becomes and Judge.
Father Ullathorne arrives in Sydney.
The Henry brothers begin a settlement in Victoria.
John Bede Polding becomes Australia's first Catholic Bishop.
Ullathorns book attacks the convict system.He celebrates the first Mass in South Australia, where settles began arriving this year.
Caroline Chisholm arrives in Australia.Sisters of charity come to Sydney and begin Australia's first non-military hospital.
James Scullin is elected as Prime Minister and chooses the first Australian-born Governor General, Isaac Isaacs.
The Great Depression. The beginning of Catholic Action.Catholics Stan McCabe, Bill O'Reilly and Jack Fingleton are in the Australian cricket team. More Migrants from Yugoslavia and other European countries.
Father PJ Moloney begins the Palm Islamd and Fantome Island mission. Pope Benedict XV writes 'Quadragesimo Anno' (In the fortieth year).
Eucharistic Congress in Melbourne.
Fathers PJ Moloney and Frank McGarry begin a school for Aborigines at Alice Springs.
The Grail begins in Australia.
Second World War.
The beginning of "The Movement".
Dr Woodbury begins the Aquinas Academy in Sydney.
Post-war migration from Europe begins.
The Bishops "letter" makes all migrants feel at home.
Father Payton: 'The family that prays together stays together'.
The week of Prayer for Christian Unity begins.
The Labor Party split.
Many new Catholic schools.
Ukrainian bishop in Australia. Prospect and Manna magazines begin. Pope Pius XII dies, and John XXII is elected.
Publication of 'The Living Parish Hymn Book'.
The Second Vatican Council commences.
Goulburn School Strike.
Pope John XXIII dies.Paul VI is elected. Publication of 'The New Catholic Catechism'
Government money is given for Australian Catholics schools.The Mass changes from Latin to English.Catholic Overseas relief begins.
Project compassion is started.27 per of teachers in Catholic Schools are lay people.
Pope Paul VI writes ' populorum progresso' (The Progress of Peoples)
The pope writes 'Humanae Vitae' (of human life).A time of much change - books and play are written about being Catholic in Australia, by Peter Kenna, Thomas Keneally and others.
Paul VI becomes the first pope ever to visit Australia.
Neville Bonner becomes the first Aboriginal member of parliament.
Action for World development commences.Continuing immigration, especially from Lebanon and South America.Vietnamese migrants start to arrive 52 per cent of teachers in Catholic Schools lay are people.The National Pastoral Institute begins.
First Maronite bishop in Australia.
Marriage encounter spreads to Australia.
International Women's Year. First National women's conference.
Ron Blair's play "The Christian Brother". First Aboriginal priest ordained.
Social Justics statement on women.Rome declares that Australia is no longer a mission country.
Outlook magazine commences.
The first Catholic lay people graduate in theology.
Women's movement in Catholic Church. WATAC-Women and the Australian Church.
Pope John Paul II visits Australia.
First Melkite bishop arrives.Women-Church magazine begins.First "Women and the Australian Church" conference. Ninety per cent of teachers in Catholic schools are now lay people.
Pope John Paul II visits Australia. Announces the beautification of Mary MacKillop.
The Jubilee Year.
World Youth Day held in Sydney. Pope Benedict XVI visits Australia.