History of Australian Prime Ministers

  • Sir Edmund Barton becomes Australia's First PM

    Sir Edmund Barton becomes Australia's First PM
    Sir Edmund Barton, GCMG, KC (18 January 1849 – 7 January 1920), Australian politician and judge, was the first Prime Minister of Australia and a founding justice of the High Court of Australia.
  • Period: to

    Australian Prime Ministers

    Australia's Prime Ministers
  • Alfred Deakin succeeds Barton to become the second PM of Australia

    Alfred Deakin succeeds Barton to become the second PM of Australia
    Alfred Deakin (3 August 1856 – 7 October 1919), Australian politician, was a leader of the movement for Australian federation and later the second Prime Minister of Australia.
  • Chris Watson becomes first Labor Prime Minister

    Chris Watson becomes first Labor Prime Minister
    John Christian Watson (9 April 1867 – 18 November 1941), commonly known as Chris Watson, Australian politician, was the third Prime Minister of Australia.
  • George Reid

    George Reid
    Sir George Houstoun Reid, GCB, GCMG, KC (25 February 1845 – 12 September 1918) was an Australian politician, Premier of New South Wales and the fourth Prime Minister of Australia.
  • Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister for the second time

    Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister for the second time
    Alfred Deakin runs as Prime Minister for the second time
  • Andrew Fisher becomes Australia's 5th Prime Minister

    Andrew Fisher becomes Australia's 5th Prime Minister
    Andrew Fisher (29 August 1862 – 22 October 1928) was an Australian politician who served as the fifth Prime Minister on three separate occasions. Fisher's 1910-13 Labor ministry completed a vast legislative programme which made him, along with Protectionist Alfred Deakin, the founder of the statutory structure of the new nation.
  • Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister again

    Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister again
    Deakin becomes Prime Minister for the third time
  • Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister for the second time

    Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister for the second time
    And again
  • Joseph Cook becomes the 6th Prime Minister of Australia

    Joseph Cook becomes the 6th Prime Minister of Australia
    Sir Joseph Cook, GCMG (7 December 1860 – 30 July 1947) was an Australian politician and the sixth Prime Minister of Australia.[1] Born as Joseph Cooke and working in the coal mines of Silverdale, Staffordshire during his early life, he emigrated to Lithgow, New South Wales during the late 1880s, and became General-Secretary of the Western Miners Association in 1887.
  • Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister for the 3rd time

    Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister for the 3rd time
    Third time lucky?
  • William Morris Hughes becomes the 7th Prime Minister of Australia

    William Morris Hughes becomes the 7th Prime Minister of Australia
    William Morris "Billy" Hughes, CH, KC (25 September 1862 – 28 October 1952), Australian politician, was the seventh Prime Minister of Australia from 1915 to 1923. Over the course of his 51-year federal parliamentary career (and an additional seven years prior to that in a colonial parliament), Hughes changed parties five times: from Labor (1901–16) to National Labor (1916–17) to Nationalist (1917–30) to Australian (1930–31) to United Australia (1931–44) to Liberal (1944–52).
  • Stanley Melbourne Bruce become the 8th Prime Minister of Australia

    Stanley Melbourne Bruce become the 8th Prime Minister of Australia
    Stanley Melbourne Bruce, 1st Viscount Bruce of Melbourne, CH, MC, FRS, PC (15 April 1883 – 25 August 1967), was an Australian politician and diplomat, and the eighth Prime Minister of Australia. He was the second Australian granted an hereditary peerage of the United Kingdom, but the first whose peerage was formally created.[1] He was the first incumbent Prime Minister to lose his seat at an election; the only other being John Howard in 2007.
  • James Scullin becomes the 9th PM of Australia

    James Scullin becomes the 9th PM of Australia
    James Henry Scullin (18 September 1876 – 28 January 1953), Australian Labor politician and the ninth Prime Minister of Australia. Two days after he was sworn in as Prime Minister, the Wall Street Crash of 1929 occurred, marking the beginning of the Great Depression and subsequent Great Depression in Australia.
  • Joseph Lyons becomes the 10th PM of Australia

    Joseph Lyons becomes the 10th PM of Australia
    Joseph Aloysius Lyons, CH (15 September 1879 – 7 April 1939) was an Australian politician. He was Labor Premier of Tasmania from 1923 to 1928 and a Minister in the James Scullin government from 1929 until his resignation from the Labor Party in March 1931. He subsequently led the United Australia Party and was the tenth Prime Minister of Australia from January 1932 until his death.
  • Earle Page becomes the 11th PM of Australia

    Earle Page becomes the 11th PM of Australia
    Earle Christmas Grafton Page, GCMG, CH (8 August 1880 – 20 December 1961) was the 11th Prime Minister of Australia, and is to date the second-longest serving federal parliamentarian in Australian history, with 41 years, 361 days in Parliament.
  • 19 days later Robert Menzies becomes the 12th PM of Australia

    19 days later Robert Menzies becomes the 12th PM of Australia
    Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, KT, AK, CH, FAA, FRS, QC (20 December 1894 – 15 May 1978), Australian politician, was the 12th and longest-serving Prime Minister of Australia. His first term as Prime Minister commenced in 1939, after the death in office of the United Australia Party leader Joseph Lyons and a short-term interim premiership by Sir Earle Page. His party narrowly won the 1940 election, which produced a hung parliament, with the support of independent MPs in the House.
  • Arthur Fadden becomes the 13th PM of Australia

    Arthur Fadden becomes the 13th PM of Australia
    Sir Arthur William Fadden, GCMG (13 April 1894 –21 April 1973) was an Australian politician and, briefly, the 13th Prime Minister of Australia
  • John Curtin becomes the 14th PM of Australia

    John Curtin becomes the 14th PM of Australia
    John Joseph Curtin (8 January 1885 – 5 July 1945), Australian politician, served as the 14th Prime Minister of Australia. Labor under Curtin formed a minority government in 1941 after the crossbench consisting of two independent MPs crossed the floor in the House of Representatives, bringing down the Coalition minority government of Robert Menzies which resulted from the 1940 election.
  • Frank Forde becomes the 15th PM of Australia

    Frank Forde becomes the 15th PM of Australia
    Francis Michael Forde (18 July 1890 – 28 January 1983) was an Australian politician and the 15th Prime Minister of Australia. He was the shortest serving Prime Minister in Australia's history, being in office for only eight days.
  • Ben Chifley becomes the 16th PM of Australia

    Ben Chifley becomes the 16th PM of Australia
    Joseph Benedict Chifley (pronounced /ˈtʃɪfli/; 22 September 1885 – 13 June 1951), Australian politician, was the 16th Prime Minister of Australia. He took over the Australian Labor Party leadership and Prime Ministership after the death of John Curtin in 1945, and went on to retain government at the 1946 election, before being defeated at the 1949 election.
  • Robert Menzies becomes PM for the 2nd time

    Robert Menzies becomes PM for the 2nd time
    Spends quiet a few terms in office this time
  • Harold Holt becomes the 17th PM

    Harold Holt becomes the 17th PM
    His term as Prime Minister was brought to an early and dramatic end in December 1967 when he disappeared while swimming at Cheviot Beach near Portsea, Victoria, and was presumed drowned. Holt spent 32 years in Parliament, including many years as a senior Cabinet Minister, but was Prime Minister for only 22 months. This necessarily limited his personal and political impact, especially when compared to his immediate predecessor Sir Robert Menzies, who was Prime Minister for a total of 18 years.
  • John McEwen becomes the 18th PM

    John McEwen becomes the 18th PM
    Sir John "Black Jack" McEwen, GCMG, CH (29 March 1900 – 20 November 1980), was an Australian politician and the 18th Prime Minister of Australia. McEwen's stern demeanour earned him the nickname "Black Jack" (Sir Robert Menzies called him "Le Noir").
  • John Gorton becomes the19th PM

    John Gorton becomes the19th PM
    Sir John Grey Gorton, GCMG, AC, CH (9 September 1911 – 19 May 2002), Australian politician, was the 19th Prime Minister of Australia.
  • William McMahon becomes the 20th PM

    William McMahon becomes the 20th PM
    Sir William "Billy" McMahon, GCMG, CH (23 February 1908 – 31 March 1988), was an Australian Liberal politician and the 20th Prime Minister of Australia. He was the longest continuously serving government minister in Australian history (21 years and 6 months), as well as the longest serving Prime Minister to have never won an election.
  • Gough Whitlam becomes the 21st PM

    Gough Whitlam becomes the 21st PM
    Whitlam led the Australian Labor Party (ALP) to power at the 1972 election and retained government at the 1974 election, before being dismissed by Governor-General Sir John Kerr at the climax of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis. Whitlam remains the only Prime Minister to have his commission terminated in that manner. Whitlam entered Parliament in 1952, as an ALP member of the House of Representatives.
  • Malcolm Fraser becomes the 22nd PM

    Malcolm Fraser becomes the 22nd PM
    John Malcolm Fraser AC, CH, GCL, PC (pronounced /ˈfreɪzə/; born 21 May 1930) is a former Australian Liberal Party politician who was the 22nd Prime Minister of Australia.[1] He came to power in the 1975 election following the dismissal of the Whitlam Labor government, in which he played a key role. After three election victories, he was defeated by Bob Hawke in the 1983 election and ended his career alienated from his own party.
  • Robert Hawke becomes the 23rd PM

    Robert Hawke becomes the 23rd PM
    Robert James Lee "Bob" Hawke AC GCL (born 9 December 1929) was the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia and longest serving Australian Labor Party Prime Minister. After a decade as president of the Australian Council of Trade Unions, he entered politics at the 1980 federal election and became Prime Minister within three years. He became by far the longest-serving and most electorally successful Labor Prime Minister, achieving the rare feat of winning four consecutive federal elections.
  • Paul Keating becomes the 24th PM of Australia

    Paul Keating becomes the 24th PM of Australia
    Paul John Keating (born 18 January 1944) was the 24th Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 1991 to 1996. Keating was elected as the federal Labor member for Blaxland in 1969 and came to prominence as the reformist treasurer of the Hawke Labor government, which came to power at the 1983 election. After becoming prime minister in 1991, he led Labor to its fifth consecutive victory at the 1993 election against the Liberal/National coalition led by John Hewson.
  • John Howard becomes the 25th PM of Australia

    John Howard becomes the 25th PM of Australia
    John Winston Howard AC, SSI, (born 26 July 1939) was the 25th Prime Minister of Australia, from 11 March 1996 to 3 December 2007. He was the second-longest serving Australian Prime Minister after Sir Robert Menzies. Howard was a member of the House of Representatives from 1974 to 2007, representing the Division of Bennelong, New South Wales. He served as Treasurer in the Fraser government of from 1977 to 1983.
  • Kevin Rudd becomes the 26th PM

    Kevin Rudd becomes the 26th PM
    On 3 December 2007, Rudd was sworn in as Prime Minister by the Governor-General, Major General Michael Jeffery.[52] Rudd was the first Prime Minister to make no mention of the Queen in his oath of office.[53]
    Two party preferred polling during the term of the Rudd government. See also: Australian federal election, 2010#Polling.
  • Julia Gillard becomes the 27th PM

    Julia Gillard becomes the 27th PM
    Julia Eileen Gillard (/ˈɡɪlɑrd/,[2] born 29 September 1961) is the 27th and current Prime Minister of Australia, in office since June 2010. Gillard was elected at the 1998 federal election to the House of Representatives seat of Lalor, Victoria for the Australian Labor Party. Following the 2001 federal election, Gillard was elected to the shadow cabinet with the portfolios of Population and Immigration.