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Federation by Zoe Nicholson

By Year 6
  • Gold Rush

    Gold Rush
    Violence occurs towards Chinese on the goldfields.
  • Period: to

    Federation timeline

  • Eureka Rebellion

    Eureka Rebellion
    The Eureka Rebellion takes place.
  • Voting in South Australia

    Voting in South Australia
    Men in South Australia get the vote.
  • Voting in Victoria

    Voting in Victoria
    Men in Victoria get the vote.
  • Voting in New South Wales

    Voting in New South Wales
    Men in New South Wales get the vote.
  • Voting in Queensland

    Voting in Queensland
    Men in Queensland get the vote.
  • Boom Time

    Boom Time
    This decade is a boom time in Australia.
  • Australia

    There were six British colonies in Australia. They could decide some things themselves, but the laws were made in Britain.
  • Six Australian Colonies

    Six Australian Colonies
    Premiers from the six Australian colonies and New Zealand meet in Sydney. They are afraid that the French, Germans or Japanese may invade Australia or New Zealand. They discussed ways to build a stronger defence force. Federation is put forward as a solution.
  • Train Services

    Train Services
    Melbourne and Adelaide are linked by a train service.
  • Sydney and Brisbane

    Sydney and Brisbane
    Sydney and Brisbane are linked by a train service.
  • Sir Henry Parks

    Sir Henry Parks
    Sir Henry Parkes, premier of New South Wales, suggests drawing up a constitution for a federal parliment.
  • Maritime workers

    Maritime workers
    Maritime workers' strike occurs.
  • Government elections

    Government elections
    Each colony was now able to elect their own government, but still the big decisions were made in Britain. People in the colonies were starting to talk about joining together to be one nation instead of six little colonies. Joining together like this is called FEDERATION.
  • National Convention

     National Convention
    A National Convention to draft the Constitution is held
  • Discussion of Federation

    Discussion of Federation
    A meeting was held to discuss Federation. Each colony sent seven people. They started to write a Constitution which is a list of rules about how the nations parliament will work.
  • Catch cry for Federation

    Catch cry for Federation
    Delegates from from the six Australian colonies and New Zealand hold a federal conference. Sir Henry Parkes, the leader of the conference, makes a speech calling for 'One People, One Destiny'. These words became the catch cry for Federation. Delegates draw up a draft constittution for Federation and take it back to their colonies to show their governments. The New South Wales government does not like the constitution.
  • Voting in WA

    Voting in WA
    Men in Western Australia get the vote.
  • Federation groups

    Federation groups
    The federation groups decided that the people of Australia should vote to decide if federation should take place.
  • 1893-95 Federation Leagues

    1893-95 Federation Leagues
    The people living in the colonies begin to demand Federation. They form groups called Federation Leagues.
  • Womens voting in South Astralia

    Womens voting in South Astralia
    Women in South Australia get the vote.
  • South Australia

    South Australia
    South Australia becomes the first places in the world to allow women to vote.
  • Federation conference 1895-1897

    Federation conference 1895-1897
    Premiers' conferences discuss federation.
  • Second Convention

    Second Convention
    Second Convention to draft the Constitution takes place
  • 1897-1898 Draft Constitution

    1897-1898 Draft Constitution
    Meetings were discussed the draft constitution and made changes and a new draft. Queensland was the only colony that did not send people to the meetings. Because some colonies were much smaller than others, it was decided to have a parliament the way the United States did - the number of peoplefrom each state in the House of Representitives depends on how many people live in the same state, but each state has the same number of people in the Senate.
  • First Referendum

    First Referendum
    The first Referendum for Federation occurs
  • Constitution and Votes

    Constitution and Votes
    People in all the colonies except Queensland and Western Australia voted on the Constitution, but New South Whales did not agree to what was written and the vote failed.
  • Second Referendum

    Second Referendum
    The second referendum for Federation occurs.
    Women in Western Australia get the vote
  • Successful votes

    Successful votes
    The premiers met to discuss the things that worried those three colonies, and changes were made to the Constitution. One change was that there would be a new capital built between Sydney and Melbourne, because both thought they should be the capital city. people in all colonies except Western Australia voted for the new Constitution, and this time it was successful.
  • The Start of Federation

    The Start of Federation
    New Referendums are held and all the Australian colonies except WA take part and the 'yes' vote is overwhelming.
  • Voting in Tasmania

    Voting in Tasmania
    Men in Tasmania get the vote
  • Becoming a Nation

    Becoming a Nation
    A commitee took the Constitution to London to persuade the British parliament to pass a law allowing five colonies to join together to become a nation. The law was passed in May nad signed by Queen Victoria in July saying that on 1st January 1901, New South Whales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia and Tasmania would become in the Commonwealth of Australia.
  • Western Australia

    Western Australia
    Meanwhile, there was a gold rush in Weestern Australia and people from all over the country went there to look for gold. The Western Australians started to change their minds about federation, and in August they voted to be part of it.
  • Federation 1901

    Federation 1901
    Australia becomes a nation. The Australian Government takes control of all Australian colonial army and naval forces. Australias population reaches 3773801, but Aboriginal peoples are not included in the census. The winning design for the Australian flag is announced.
  • Edmund Barton 1901-1903

    Edmund Barton 1901-1903
    Edmund Barton becomes Australia's first prime minister
  • First Govenor

    First Govenor
    On the 1st of January 1901 the first Governor.
  • Lord Hopetoun

    Lord Hopetoun
    General, Lord Hopetoun, officially declared that there were now six states forming the commonwealth of Australia. The first Parliament Was opened in Melbourne on 9th May.
  • Federal Elections

    Federal Elections
    Women get the right to vote in Australian federal elections. Women in New South Whales get the vote in their state.
  • High Court of Australia

    High Court of Australia
    Women in Tasmania get the vote. The High Court of Australia is formed. Alfred Deakin becomes second prime minister of Australia.
  • Conciliation

    The Conciliation and Arbitration Court is formed.
  • Women in Queensland

    Women in Queensland
    Women in Queensland get the vote. Deakin becomes prime minister for the second time.
  • British New Guinea

    British New Guinea
    Australia becomes responsible for British New Guinea.
  • Womens voting in Victoria

    Womens voting in Victoria
    Women in Victoria get the vote. The site of the national capital is chosen. Andrew Fisher becomes prime minister.
  • Commonwealth Bank

    Commonwealth Bank
    The Commonwealth Bank is set up.
  • Royal Navy

    Royal Navy
    The Royal Australian Navy is formally established.
  • Prime Minister

    Prime Minister
    Prime Minister Fisher commits Australian forces to fighting in World War 1.