30 historical events that shaped Australia - Nancy,Ruby,Amanda 9I

  • 1787 First Fleet

    1787 First Fleet
    On the 13th of May 1787, eleven ships consist of 2 Naval Ships, 6 Convict Ships and 3 Supply Ships, sailed from Great Britain and stopped in Australia (which they found), where the Aborigines were already living on the land. This was very significant event to Australia. (P&E) History
  • 1788 Queen’s Birthday

    1788 Queen’s Birthday
    The Queen’s Birthday has been celebrated since 1788, as Australia is a member of the Commonwealth Realms, so the Queens is the Monarch of Australia, Queen’s birthday is a public holiday in most of the states, for some, it is a day spent with family while for others, it is a day for visiting a sport event. (S&P) and date
  • 1801 - 1803 Matthew Flinders circumnavigated Australia

    1801 - 1803 Matthew Flinders circumnavigated Australia
    1801 - 1803 Matthew Flinders circumnavigated Australia. Mathew Flinders was a very successful navigator and cartographer in his age. He was asked by the British government to completely map the coastline of Australia. At the time, Western Australia was called New Holland and Matthew Flinders was the one that suggested the name of Australia. (P)
  • 1817 Australia’s First Bank opened

    1817 Australia’s First Bank opened
    The first bank established in Australia in 1817, it was called The Bank of New South Wales (which was then renamed as Westpac). Edward Smith Hall was the first cashier and secretary. This was very important to Australia because that means Australia is getting wealthier. (E)
  • 1851 China Town

    1851 China Town
    Melbourne’s China Town was established in 1851 during the Victoria Gold Rush. It extends between the corners of Swanston and Spring Streets within the Melbourne Central Business District. Chinese New Year and Moon Festival are important festivals that were celebrated in China Town. This helped to develop multiculturalism. (S&E&P),_MelbourneWikipedia
  • 1851 Victoria became a colony

    1851 Victoria became a colony
    Victoria was separated from New South wales and become its own colony, with the richest goldfields in Australia located in Victoria at the time. Victoria is now bordered by South Australia and New South Wales. Victoria is also seen as a garden state. (E&P) answers and Wikipedia
  • 1852 Sydney University founded

    1852 Sydney University founded
    In 1848, William Wentworth had the idea of expanding Sydney College into a university, and the plan was then signed on the 1st of October in 1850. On the 11th of October in 1852, which was two years later, University of Sydney was inaugurated, and the first principal was John Woolley. This was very essential for Australia’s education system back then, also provided a gathering place for students. (E&P&S)
  • 1854 Gold Rush settlement

    1854 Gold Rush settlement
    As a result of Gold Rush settlement in 1854, immigrants from all over the world, e.g. Chinese, Europeans came to Australia for gold. New skills, techniques, ways of life, food, languages and celebrations were brought into Australia, which made this country very multi-cultured and unique. (P&E&S)
  • 1854 University of Melbourne

    1854 University of Melbourne
    The University of Melbourne began teaching in 1854, it is a public university located in Melbourne, Victoria. With 150 years of academic Excellent, the University enrolled international students from all over the world, which helped developing the multi-cultures in Australia. (S&P)
  • 1855 Parliament House

    1855 Parliament House
    Facing the intersection of Spring and Bourke Streets, there’s the elegant Parliament House. The idea was introduced in 1851, but the construction started in 1815 and there were a designing competition held, people who were in charge are: Peter Kerr and John George Knight. This was a very important step in politic. (P&E),_Melbourne
  • 1859 Indigenous Australians

    1859 Indigenous Australians
    the indigenous Australians first occupied Queensland. Queensland was named in honor of the Queen Victoria. In 1859, Queensland was separated from New South Wales, it is known as the sunshine state and has the country’s third most population.
  • 1880 Ned Kelly

    1880 Ned Kelly
    Ned Kelly died at the age of 25 in Melbourne, Victoria. As an Irish bushranger, Ned Kelly stole animals and money from people to help the poor, to some, he was considered as a hero, but others see him as a villain because he killed lots of policeman. (S&E)
  • 1882 The Ashes

    1882 The Ashes
    Australia defeats England in a cricket match held on English soil for the first time, which led to the birth of “The Ashes”. The Ashes is played between Australia and England. Cricket is definitely one of the favorite summer sports among Australians. (S)
  • 1889 The Australian Women’s Suffrage

    1889 The Australian Women’s Suffrage
    The Australian Women's Suffrage Society was formed in 1889. It aims to obtain the same right for women as man. They argued for rights to own properties, equal justice, etc. In 1894, South Australian women were the first to grant the right to vote, followed by Western Australian women in 1899. (S&P)
  • 1891 The Great Strike

    1891 The Great Strike
    The Great Strike in 1891 was one of Australia’s biggest industrial disputes. Workers at the Logan Downs Shearing Station in Queensland believed that their paying rates and conditions weren’t acceptable. This made many people see the limitation of industrial action. (E&P)
  • 1895 Edwin Flack, Olympics

    1895 Edwin Flack, Olympics
    Australian Olympic Committee was founded in 1895. Edwin Flack was the first athlete representing Australia at the Olympics in Athens, Greece in the Summer Olympics in 1956. He won two gold medals in 800 metres and the 1500 metres. This showed the world the passion for sport in Australia. (S&E)
  • 1901 Edmund Barton, the first Australian P.M

    1901 Edmund Barton, the first Australian P.M
    Sir Edmund Barton (18 January 1894 – 7 January 1920) was the first Prime Minister of Australia. Edmund Barton also made contributions to the federation movement through the 1890s. He resigned from the position Prime Minister in 1903, where Alfred Deakin was elected for the second Prime Minister of Australia. (P)
  • 1901 Norfolk Island

    1901 Norfolk Island
    Located between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia, Norfolk Island became a part of The Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. It was said that the Island was abandoned between 15th of February 1814 to 6th of June 1825. In 1824, it was decided that convicts would be sent to Norfolk Island. Today, Norfolk Island was estimated to have a population of 2,141. (P)
  • 1901 The Australian Flag Competition

    1901 The Australian Flag Competition
    The Federal government announced the Federal flag design competition, which attracted over 30,000 entries. The flag was then slightly modified by the British Admiralty in 1903, which simplified the stars of the Southern Cross. The Australian government then increased the commonwealth star from six points to seven points, which is the flag that we have today. (P&E&S)
    Wiki answers
  • 1901 Royal Australian Navy

    1901 Royal Australian Navy
    Soon after federation, Commonwealth Naval Forces (renamed to RAN in 1911) was established on the 1st of March in 1901. They were engaged in WWI, WWII and lots of other wars. It was originally for local defence, but in the late 1900s, it became responsible for defencing the region. This improved the defence system of Australia.
  • 1901 Australia Flag was flown for the first time

    1901 Australia Flag was flown for the first time
    On the 3rd of September 1901, the original design of Australia’s Flag was first flown in Melbourne, and this was then proclaimed as the National Flag Day. The design was chosen from a worldwide competition held after Australia’s federation. Even though the designs have changed a bit over the times, but it was very significant.
  • 1903 Alfred Deakin

    1903 Alfred Deakin
    Born on the 3rd of August 1856 at Collingwood, Melbourne-Alfred Deakin became the second, fifth and seventh Australian Prime Minister. While he was the Prime Minister, Alfred Deakin also wrote anonymous articles about federal politics, which was published in the newspaper. (P)
  • 1905 First Australian Open

    1905 First Australian Open
    The Australian open first began in 1905, Australia tennis Champions were first staged at the Warehouseman’s cricket Ground in St Kilda Rd, Melbourne. Organized by the lawn Tennis Association, it is known as Tennis Australia today. Australian open is held in January every year. The Australian open showed the world the passion for tennis among Australians. (S&E)
    Chris Lewis
  • 1908 Canberra was chosen to be the capital for AU

    1908 Canberra was chosen to be the capital for AU
    Representatives from several states gathered in Melbourne. The debate went for a long time, surprisingly, Canberra ended up being the Capital of Australia. Soon after Canberra was chosen, a competition for the design of the new city was held. This was a very important decision. (P&E)
  • 1911 Australia’s population reaches 4,455,000

    1911 Australia’s population reaches 4,455,000
    In 1911, Australia’s population hits 4,455,000 excluding the full-blooded Aborigines. Australia now has a population of over 21 million, with over 43 per cent of Australians born overseas or has one parent who was born overseas and people coming from around 200 different countries, Australia has become a multi cultured country. (S&E)
  • 1914 Australian Red Cross founded

    1914 Australian Red Cross founded
    Australian Red Cross Society was formed just after the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914, its first president was Lady Helen Munro Ferguson. Majority of the members are women. It is best known for its success of volunteering and includes different activities like supplying families in Australia information about missing soldiers. The Organisation helped a lot of people and made life much better.
  • 1914-1918 World War I

    1914-1918 World War I
    World War 1, Australian Imperial Force landed at Gallipoli on the 25th of April, they fought campaigns on the Western front and Middle East. They sacrificed themselves for the freedom and peace we have today. So we have a remembrance day every year to remember them. (S&P&E)
    Australian War Memorial
  • 1915 Surfing was first introduced

    1915 Surfing was first introduced
    Surfing has become very popular in the last decades and is still today, history says that the great Duke Kahanamoku has introduced Australia to surfing in 1915. They then started to experiment with the boards and also made different designs (S)
    Club of the waves
  • 1916 ANZAC Day

    1916 ANZAC Day
    ANZAC, (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) Day was officially named by the Acting Prime Minister, George Pearce and celebrated on the 25th of April in 1916. The celebration of ANZAC was a mark of respect for people who served and sacrificed their lives for the freedom we have today in the Great War for Civilisation. (P&E&S)
  • 1918 Remembrance Day

    1918 Remembrance Day
    Remembrance is observed on the 11th of November every year to remember those for has sacrificed during the World War 1 in 1918 so that we can have the freedom that we have today. We show the respect by staying silent for around 3-5 minutes. (P&S)