Chapters 21-26

  • Thomas Newcomen patents the atmospheric steam engine

  • John Kay invents the flying shuttle

  • E.G. von Kleist invents the leyden jar, the first electrical capacitor

  • Benjamin Franklin invents the lightening rod

  • James Hargreaves invents the spinning jenny

  • Richard Arkwright patents the spinning frame

  • James Watt invents an improved steam engine

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    Napoleon Bonaparte was an important French military leader who created an empire that stretched across almost all of Europe in the early 1800s.
  • Georges Louis Lesage patents the electric telegraph

  • Jacques Perrier invents a steamship

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    The French Revolution

  • Estates General convene at Versailles

  • Third Estate declares itself the National Assembly.

    The country was losing so much money, Louis XVI's minister of finance messed up.
  • Tennis Court Oath

    The National Assembly swore to meet at the tennis court everyday until a new constitution for France was made.
  • Storming of the Bastille occurs.

    Prison in Paris represented royal authority in the center of Paris.
  • National Assembly issues Declaration of the Rights of Man.

    Influenced by the doctrine of natural rights.
  • Women march on Versailles and force royal family to return to Paris.

    The country was starving while Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were feasting. Nearly 7,000 working women marched, pitchforks and all, yelling "bread, bread!' This brought an end to the monarchy of Versailles.
  • National Assembly confiscates church lands

  • Royal family is arrested while attempting to flee France.

  • Louis XVI is executed.

  • Napolean's family was forced to leave.

    The Bonaparte family is forced to flee from Corsica after the governor accuses them of being too pro-France. Napoleon's family goes to France, where Napoleon returns to focus on his military career.
  • Robespierre is excuted.

  • Napolean marries Josephine

    Napoleon wants a rich wife and proposes to Josephine, who comes from a wealthy family. Josephine agrees to marry him, but she is not sure she wants to marry him at first because she thinks he is a little odd.
  • Napoleon commands the Italian Army.

    Napoleon leads the Italian Army in a series of battles against Austria. By the time Italy defeats Austria in October 1797, it is clear that Napoleon is one of the world's greatest military leaders.
  • Napoleon overthrows Directory and seizes power.

  • Napoleon named Emperor of the French Empire.

    Napoleon is named Emperor of the French Empire and, in December, is crowned in a very fancy ceremony at the Notre Dame in Paris. He is named King of Italy a year later.
  • Napolean changes territories

    He annexed lands along the Rhine river for France. He dissolved the Holy Roman Empire and organized a number of states into the Rhine Confederation.
  • Napoleon is exiled in Elba.

    After much of Europe unites against Napoleon, his is forced to give up the throne and go to Elba, an island near Italy. His wife and son are forced to leave Paris and they go to Austria to live.
  • Holy Alliance

    Austria, Russia, and Prussia
  • Napoleon returns to France to fight again.

    After escaping from Elba, Napoleon goes back to France to try and take control of the army and the government again. The British and Prussians defeat France in June at the Battle of Waterloo.
  • Napoleon gives up the throne again.

    After his defeat at Waterloo, Napoleon gives up the throne again. This time, he will be sent away to Saint Helena in the South Atlantic, which is much farther away from France than Elba.
  • Napoleon dies.

    While exiled to Saint Helena, Napoleon dies. There are rumors that he is poisoned, but the actual cause of death is most likely stomach cancer.
  • Zollverein

    Created by Prussia. This dismantled tariff barriers between many German states.
  • Britain and France were joined in the Crimean war against Russia by Sardinia

    Sardinia did not win territory but it did have a voice at the peace conferance.