Black in Buisness

  • First black steps

    THE FIRST AFRICAN SLAVES ARRIVE IN VIRGINIA
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    Black in Business

    The hard work of African Americans over time
  • LUCY TERRY PRINCE

    LUCY TERRY PRINCE
    Lucy Terry Prince is the earliest known black American poet. Her poem “Bars Fight” (1746), is the earliest existing poem by an African-American; The poem didn't get published until 1855
  • PHILLIS WHEATLEY

    PHILLIS WHEATLEY
    PHILLIS WHEATLEY BECOMES THE FIRST PUBLISHED AFRICAN-AMERICAN
    Her book, "Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral is published.
  • VERMONT IS THE FIRST AMERICAN STATE TO ABOLISH SLAVERY

    VERMONT IS THE FIRST AMERICAN STATE TO ABOLISH SLAVERY
    After declaring its independence, Vermont existed as a free republic known as the Commonwealth of Vermont.
  • Thomas L. Jennings

    Thomas L. Jennings
    FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN TO HOLD A PATENT
    Thomas L. Jennings was issued a patent for a dry-cleaning process..
    Thomas Jennings was a free black who operated a dry-cleaning business in New York City and was the first African American to be granted a patent.
  • Alexander Lucius Twilight

    Alexander Lucius Twilight
    FIRST AFRICAN-AMERICAN STATE OFFICIAL IS ELECTED
    Alexander Lucius Twilight is elected to the Vermont State Government.
    Alexander was born to free parents in Vermont in 1795. He was the first black person known to have earned a bachelor's degree from an American college or university in 1823.
  • NAT TURNER

    NAT TURNER
    NAT TURNER LEADS SLAVE REBELLION
    Nat Turner, a preacher, leads the most significant slave uprising in American history in Virginia.
  • JAMES MCCUNE SMITH BECOMES A DOCTOR

    JAMES MCCUNE SMITH BECOMES A DOCTOR
    JAMES MCCUNE SMITH BECOMES A DOCTOR
    Dr. James McCune Smith from the University of Glasgow, Scotland becomes the first African-American doctor:
    He is the first African American to hold a medical degree and graduated at the top in his class at the University of Glasgow, Scotland. He was the first African American to run a pharmacy in the United States.
  • Amistad ship

    Amistad ship
    The Slaves on the Amistad ship fight back and took control of the ship. Even though the ship was recaptured, the act led to the Africans being returned and freed
  • FREDERICK DOUGLASS

    FREDERICK DOUGLASS
    FREDERICK DOUGLASS STARTS HIS NEWSPAPER.
    Frederick Douglass was courageous. He was not afraid to speak what he believed. He started a newspaper to speak out against slavery.
  • HARRIET TUBMAN

    HARRIET TUBMAN
    HARRIET TUBMAN ESCAPES FROM SLAVERY AND LEADS OTHERS
    She was born into slavery, but escaped. Afterwards, she made more than thirteen missions to rescue more than 70 slaves.
  • Sojourner Truth

    Sojourner Truth
    Sojourner Truth was a passionate and compelling speaker. Her most famous speech is "Ain't I a Woman"
  • GEORGE CRUM

    GEORGE CRUM
    GEORGE CRUM INVENTS THE FIRST POTATO CHIPS
    George Crum, a cook and restaurateur, came up with the idea for the tasty crisp
    Crum was the son of an African American father and Native American mother, a member of the Huron tribe. He was working as a chef where french fries were a favorite menu item. A customer sent his French-fried potatoes back to the kitchen complaining that they were cut too thickly. He decided to slice the potatoes as thin as he possibly could. He fried them in grease, and s
  • THE U.S. CIVIL WAR BEGINS

    THE U.S. CIVIL WAR BEGINS
    THE U.S. CIVIL WAR BEGINS
    The United States was divided about whether slavery should continue or not. The people who lived in the northern states believed that slavery should end, and those who lived in the southern states wanted to keep slavery. As a result, a war started. The war lasted for 4 years and ended in 1865
  • BLACK SOLDIERS

    BLACK SOLDIERS
    BLACK SOLDIERS ALLOWED TO FIGHT FOR THEIR FREEDOM
    Civil War black soldiers were allowed to join the army that was fighting to end slavery. They wanted to fight against slavery and they believed that military service would allow them to prove their right to equality.
  • PRESIDENT LINCOLN SAYS "ALL SLAVES SHALL BE FREE"

    PRESIDENT LINCOLN SAYS "ALL SLAVES SHALL BE FREE"
    PRESIDENT LINCOLN SAYS "ALL SLAVES SHALL BE FREE"
    The people who wanted slavery to end won the war. The President, Abraham Lincoln, wrote the "Emancipation Proclamation" that said all slaves will be free.
  • FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN TO EARN A PH.D

    FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN TO EARN A PH.D
    Father Patrick Francis Healy, S.J. from University of Leuven, Belgium is the first African American to earn a Ph.D.
    A P.H. D stands for 'Philosophy Degree' or 'Doctor of Philosophy'. It. is the highest academic degree you can get in college and it means you become an expert in an area. Patrick, as he was known, was born into slavery in Macon, Georgia, to the Irish-American plantation owner Michael Healy and his bi-racial slave Mary Eliza.
  • HOWARD UNIVERSITY IS ESTABLISHED

    HOWARD UNIVERSITY IS ESTABLISHED
    The university was created for the education of African-American youth. The university was named after General Oliver O. Howard, a Civil War hero and commissioner of the Freedman’s Bureau.
  • Spelman College

    Spelman College
    THE FIRST COLLEGE FOR BLACK WOMEN IS STARTED.
    Spelman College becomes the first college for black women in the U.S.
  • The 14th Amendment

    The 14th Amendment
    THE CONSTITUTION IS CHANGED TO SAY THAT BLACKS ARE CITIZENS
    The 14th Amendment (or change) to the Constitution states that blacks are citizens,
  • THE FIRST BLACK LAW SCHOOL

    THE FIRST BLACK LAW SCHOOL
    Howard University's Law School becomes the country's first black law school.
  • The 15th Amendment

    The 15th Amendment
    THE CONSTITUTION GIVES BLACKS THE RIGHT TO VOTE
    The 15th Amendment (or change) to the Constitution gives blacks the right to vote.
  • John Shippen

    John Shippen
    FIRST BLACK MAN TO PLAY GOLF IN THE U.S. OPEN
    John Shippen plays in the second U.S. Open at the age of 17
    John was born to an African-American father and Native American mother. He worked as a caddie at Shinnecock Hills where he also played. The other players didn't want to play with him once they discovered his race. They threatened to boycott the tournament, but the president of the golf tournament defended him and another player who was Native American. He finished in sixth place.
  • GEORGE GANT

    GEORGE GANT
    GEORGE GANT INVENTS THE GOLF TEE
    Dentist George Franklin Gant was first person to patent the modern wooden golf tee.
    George was also the First African-American Professor at Harvard University.
  • FIRST FRATERNITY STARTED BY AFRICAN-AMERICANS

    FIRST FRATERNITY STARTED BY AFRICAN-AMERICANS
    FIRST FRATERNITY STARTED BY AFRICAN-AMERICANS
    Sigma Pi Phi is the first African-American Greek-lettered organization It was started by two doctors, a dentist and a physician.
    When Sigma Pi Phi was started, black professionals were not allowed to participate in the professional and cultural associations organized by the white community. The organization is a highly exclusive "council of noblemen.". Members of Sigma Pi Phi have provided leadership and service and addressed social issues such as u
  • FIRST SORORITY ESTABLISHED BY AFRICAN-AMERICANS

    FIRST SORORITY ESTABLISHED BY AFRICAN-AMERICANS
    FIRST SORORITY ESTABLISHED BY AFRICAN-AMERICANS
    Alpha Kappa Alpha (ΑKΑ) become the first African American Greek-letter sorority.
  • NAACP

    NAACP
    THE NAACP IS STARTED
    The N.A.A.C.P. (which stands for Hational Association for the Advancement of Colored People) is started by W.E.B. DuBois. The group helped
  • MADAME CJ. WALKER

    MADAME CJ. WALKER
    MADAME CJ. WALKER IS THE FIRST BLACK MILLIONAIRE
    Madam C.J. Walker, born Sarah Breedlove, is known as the first female self made millionaire in America.
    She made her fortune by developing and marketing beauty and hair products for black women under the company that she started. She also was generous and donated a lot of money to help people. Vocabulary Words: Entrepreneur Philanthropist Generosity