Stamped - XianYan Mei

  • 1415

    Prince Henry's Caper

    Prince Henry's Caper
    Prince Henry's goal was to "capture the main Muslim trading depot [in] Morocco" (22).
  • Period: 1415 to

    History of Racism and Antiracism

  • 1450

    "The Chronicle of the Discovery and Conquest of Guinea"

    "The Chronicle of the Discovery and Conquest of Guinea"
    Prince Henry's goal was to "capture the main Muslim trading depot [in] Morocco" (22).
  • 1450

    The World's First Racist

    The World's First Racist
    According to Kendi and Reynolds, "Zurara was the first person to write about and defend Black human ownership" (25).
  • 1526

    First Known African Racist

    First Known African Racist
    Johannes Leo, also known as Leo Africanus, "echoed Zurara's sentiments of Africans, his own people [and called them...] hypersexual savages" (26-7).
  • 1577

    Curse Theory

    Curse Theory
    In Chapter 2 of "Stamped," Reynolds explains that "English travel writer George Best determined [...] that Africans were, in fact, cursed" (30).
  • Jamestown's First Slaves

    Jamestown's First Slaves
    A Latin American ship was seized by pirates and "twenty Angolans [on board were sold to] the governor of Virginia" (36).
  • Richard Mather's Arrival

    Richard Mather's Arrival
    Richard Mather was a Puritan who came to America to practice a "more disciplined and rigid" (32) form of Christianity.
  • Cotton Mather is Born

    Cotton Mather is Born
    Cotton Mather was 11 "years old [and a] Harvard student" (46). He was a nerd and he's religious.
  • "Voluntary" Slaves

    "Voluntary" Slaves
    According to Richard Baxter, some "Africans [...] wanted to be slaves so that they could be baptized" (39).
  • Creation of White Privileges

    Creation of White Privileges
    In response to Nathaniel Bacon's uprising, local government decided to give "all White [...] absolute power to abuse any African person" (45).
  • First Antiracist Writing in the Colonies

    First Antiracist Writing in the Colonies
    The Mennonites were against slavery because they "equa[ed]" (41) discrimination based on skin color to discrimination based on religion.
  • The Witch Hunt Begins

    The Witch Hunt Begins
    In Salem, the "witch hunt [had] made the Black face [...] criminality" (50).
  • First Great Awakening

    First Great Awakening
    "[...] which swept through the colonies in the 1730s", by a man named Jonathan Edwards who lives in Connecticut.
  • American Philosophical Society (APS)

    American Philosophical Society (APS)
    Benjamin Frankin created "a club for smart (White) people" (57) to discuss ideas and philosophy.
  • The (American) Enlightenment

    The (American) Enlightenment
    In the mid-1700s, "new America entered what we now call the Enlightenment Era" (56)
  • Phyllis Wheatley's Test

    Phyllis Wheatley's Test
    Wheatley "proved herself [as intelligent and] human" (80) by passing a test given by some of the smartest men in the country at the time.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    "Thomas Jefferson [... had] wrote [that] All men are created equal" (68).
  • The Three Fifths Compromise

    The Three Fifths Compromise
    For every 5 slaves, it equals 3 humans. "... just to do math, that's like saying if there were fifteen slaves in the room, ... they counted as only nine people" (74).
  • The Haitian Revolution

    The Haitian Revolution
    In August 1791, about "half a million enslaved Africans in Haiti rose up [to fight] against French rule" (75). The Africans won the war in Haiti and Haiti became the symbol of freedom at the Easter Hemispere.
  • North America's Biggest Uprising

    North America's Biggest Uprising
    That day "have been the largest slave revolt in the history of North America" (80). There are 50 thousand rebels.
  • Jefferson's Slave Trade Act

    Jefferson's Slave Trade Act
    The president, Thomas Jefferson "brought about the new Slave Trade Act." (82). [His goal is to stop the people from African and the Caribbean from going to America.] Then he started the breeding slaves by "forcing their men and women slaves [...] could keep up with all the farming demands" (83) [at the South].
  • The Missouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise
    Missouri is considered a slave state, "but they'd also admit Maine as a free state [...] equal amount of slave states and free states, so that no region" (86-87) [would feel left out].
  • Thomas Jefferson's Death

    Thomas Jefferson's Death
    At Thomas Jefferson's "final lucid moment, [...] death being the ultimate equalizer-in the comfort of slavery." (90) The slaves are so happy that they never felt that happy before.
  • Garrison's First Abolition Speech

    Garrison's First Abolition Speech
    Garrison was not afraid to speak against colonization. "He had written a pamphlet, An Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World, arguing" (96) [Black people should serve White people].
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion
    Nat Turner "was a slave and a preacher. [... he had a] plan and a massive crusade" (98) which will free slaves and to leave their masters.
  • AASS Abolitionist Pamphlets

    AASS Abolitionist Pamphlets
    AASS, aka the American Anti-Slavery Society, "is a group of abolitionists [... and] Garrison [started to] flooded the market with new and [more] improved abolitionist information" (99) [to every social media].
  • Samuel Morton's Theories

    Samuel Morton's Theories
    A scientist called Samuel Morton, "the father of American anthropology" (101), [the person to researches about skulls of humans].
  • Frederick Douglass' Narrative Published

    Frederick Douglass' Narrative Published
    The book that Frederick Douglass had published, which "outlined Douglass's life and gave a firsthand account of the horrors of slavery" (103).
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    The gist of the story is that "we all must be slaves... to god." And "... Black people made the best slaves (to man) (106).
  • Start of Civil War

    Start of Civil War
    Secession "means to withdraw from being a member of" and South Carlina secessed.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation
    At that time, "Lincoln was labeled [as] the Great Emancipator" (116), Black people emancipated themselves and about 400,000 of them found freedom.
  • End of Civil War

    End of Civil War
    Reconstruction was to re-build something or to change things. Lincoln wants Black people to have the right to vote.
  • 40 Acres and a Mule

    40 Acres and a Mule
    A "Pennsylvania congressman Thaddeus Stevens, [had] fought for the redistribution of land, [...] that slaves of forty acres to work for themselves" (120).
  • The Fifteenth Amendment

    The Fifteenth Amendment
    The 15th Amendment was made for anyone to vote, no matter their "vote, color, or previous condition of servitude" (122).
  • Black Codes and Jim Crow

    Black Codes and Jim Crow
    Black codes are the "social codes used to stop Black people from living free" [and Jim Crow's law is] "that legalized racial segregation" (119).