Spartacus Timeline By: Harshal and Vipra

By Vipra
  • Period: 135 BCE to 132 BCE

    First Servile War

    Sicilian Slaves start a Revolt against the Roman Republic
  • 111 BCE

    Spartacus is Born

    Spartacus is born in Thrace
  • Period: 104 BCE to 99 BCE

    Second Servile War

    This was the second of the three servile wars
  • 78 BCE

    Spartacus in the Army

    Spartacus serves as soldier in the Roman Army as an auxiliary
  • 73 BCE

    Spartacus becomes a gladiator

    Spartacus was trained at the gladiatorial school (ludus) near Capua belonging to Lentulus Batiatus, the slave trader and lanista.
  • 73 BCE

    Spartacus the Gladiator

    Spartacus trained as a lightly armed Roman gladiator referred to as a Thracian. A Thracian gladiator wore a helmet, padded leg protection and would have carried a circular or quadrangular small shield called a parmula
  • 73 BCE

    Gladiators Escape

    :Spartacus escapes from the gladiator school with 70-80 slave gladiators
  • 73 BCE

    Gladiators Take Refuge on the side of Mount. Vesuvius

    The gladiator band take refuge on the side of Mount Vesuvius (near modern day Naples) led by Spartacus with his aides Crixus, Castus, Gannicus and Oenomaus.
  • 73 BCE

    The Gladiators destroy the surrounding area

    The small group of gladiators plunder and pillage around the area and are quickly joined by large numbers of slaves, who flock to him from all quarters. He is soon at the head of a formidable slave army
  • 73 BCE

    The Gladiators best the Republic

    The praetor Clodius Glaber, with 3,000 soldiers, are sent by the Senate from Rome to quell the slave revolt. The over confident Glaber and his troops are defeated by the slave army
  • Period: 73 BCE to 71 BCE

    Third Servile War/Spartacus Revolt

    This is the third and final Servile War.
  • 72 BCE

    The Growth of the Rebellion

    After the success over Glaber many more runaway slaves join Spartacus and his gladiator army swelling the number to 30,000 escaped slaves. The slave army splits, separating into ranks according to their natural languages.
  • 72 BCE

    The Republic's new forces

    The Senate sends the two consuls (Gellius Publicola and Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus), each with two legions, against the rebel slave army.
  • 72 BCE

    Battle at Picenum

    Battle at Picenum. Many Gauls and Germans are defeated by Publicola. Their leader, Crixus, is killed. Spartacus then defeats Lentulus and then defeats Publicola
  • 72 BCE

    Battle at Mutina

    Battle at Mutina. The slave army defeats another legion under Gaius Cassius Longinus, the Governor of Cisalpine Gaul. Spartacus counsels escape via the Alps but the Gauls and Germans refuse to go, wanting to the opportunity to rob and pillage more Romans
  • 72 BCE

    Crassus is General of the Republic

    Crassus is appointed to the supreme command of the war
  • 72 BCE

    Spartacus moves the rebellion South

    Spartacus keeps the slave army together moving to southern Italy where they can hire pirate ships to Sicily (the location of the first 2 Servile Wars). The slave army defeats two more Roman legions under Marcus Licinius Crassus
  • 72 BCE

    Crassus punishes Roman Soldiers for Cowardice

    Crassus inflicts the punishment of Decimation on his Roman soldiers for cowardice - this results in the Roman soldiers becoming more afraid of Crassus than of the gladiator army of Spartacus
  • 72 BCE

    Spartacus encampes at Rhegium

    By the end of 72 BC, Spartacus is encamped in Rhegium near the Strait of Messina.
  • 72 BCE

    Spartacus is betrayed by cilician pirates

    Spartacus is then betrayed by the cilician pirates and his plan to transport the slave army to Sicily falls through
  • 71 BCE

    The Revolt officially ends

    The Third Servile War (also referred to as the Gladiator War and The War of Spartacus) is crushed by Pompey and Crassus
  • 71 BCE

    Crassus attempts to trap Spartacus

    Crassus tries to trap Spartacus and his slave army at Calabria by building a ditch with a wall, nearly sixty kilometers long and five meters wide across the 'toe' of Italy from sea to sea
  • 71 BCE

    Spartacus escapes toward Brundisium

    Spartacus manages to break through Crassus's lines and escapes towards Brundisium
  • 71 BCE

    Battle at the River Silarus

    Battle at the River Silarus. This is believed to be the final battle and the death of Spartacus. The body of Spartacus is never found
  • 71 BCE

    Crassus Crucifies survivors

    Crassus wreaks a terrible revenge on the slave army and orders that 6,000 slave captives are crucified along the Appian Way from Brundisium to Rome. Their bodies are left to rot as an example to all slaves who rebel against Rome
  • 71 BCE

    Remaining Slaves Escape

    5,000 slaves escape capture and flee north. The remainder of the slave army is destroyed by Pompey
  • 71 BCE

    Pompey takes all Credit

    Pompey claims credit for ending the slave war and is granted a triumph. Crassus is given just an ovation