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History Timeline

  • Cotton Gin

    Cotton Gin
    It was a mechanism that removed seeds form the cotton fiber. The mechanism was invented by a man named Eli Whitney. This invention caused a major increase for the demand of slavery.
  • The Liberator

    The Liberator
    The liberator was an abolition newspaper, published by Willian Lloyd and Issac Knapp in Boston. It's main focus was to persuade its readers to support the freeing of slaves
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    The underground railroads were a network of secret routes and buildings establish in the US to help escaped slaves. The railroads were first mention to the public when Tice Davids a former slave escaped from Kentucky to Ohio, his owner blamed the system of underground railroads.
  • American Anti- Slavery Society

    American Anti- Slavery Society
    The American Anti- Slavery Society was established. It was lead by William Lloyd Garrison who had a goal to rid slavery not just in America but everywhere.
  • Zephaniah Kingsley

    Zephaniah Kingsley
    Zephaniah Kingsley is the author of the most popular pro-slavery tract, self-published in 1828 and reprinted three times. He was apart of the pro-slavery sentiment that arose in the antebellum period as a reaction to the growing antislavery movement.
  • Gag Rule Passed

    Gag Rule Passed
    American Anti-Slavery Society began an antislavery petition drive(1834). More people started joining their side and petitioning congress more having the Gag rule passed by Congress to prevent abolitionist petitions from being considered.
  • Period: to

    Antebellum period

  • Period: to

    Antebellum period

    The technological advances and religious and social movements of the Antebellum Period had a profound effect on the course of American history, including westward expansion, a population shift from farms to industrial centers, divisions that ended in civil war, the abolition of slavery and the growth of feminist movements.
  • LA'amistad

    Slaves aboard slave ship LA’amistad rebel. A slave revolt by Mende captives, who had been captured by Portuguese slave hunters in Sierra Leone were brought to Cuba
  • Slaves are freed

    Slaves are freed
    Slaves are freed by the U.S. Supreme Court and returned to Africa. more specifically Supreme Court ruled that the Africans had been illegally enslaved and had thus exercised a natural right to fight for their freedom
  • Prigg v. Pennsylvania

    Prigg v. Pennsylvania
    Supreme Court rules that state laws prohibiting the capture and return of fugitive slaves are unconstitutional.
  • Charles C. Jones

    Charles C. Jones
    Charles C. Jones publishes "The Religious Instruction of the Negroes in the U.S." He agonized over the morality of owning slaves, but he returned to Liberty County to become a planter, a fervent missionary to the slaves, also known as the "Apostle to Slaves," and a somewhat reluctant defender of the institution of slavery.
  • Massachusetts law

    Massachusetts passes law forbidding state officials from catching fugitive slaves.
  • Sojourner Truth

    Sojourner Truth
    Sojourner Truth begins delivering abolitionist speeches across the nation. Sojourner Truth was an American abolitionist and women's rights activist. she escaped slavery with her infant daughter to freedom in 1826. After going to court to recover her son in 1828, she became the first black woman to win such a case against a white man.
  • Methodist Church

    Methodist Church
    Methodist Church divides into northern and southern sections over the issue of slavery
  • Frederick Douglass

    Frederick Douglass
    Frederick Douglass publishes Narrative of the Life of an American Slave. He is a American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman. He escaped from slavery in Maryland, then became a national leader of the abolitionist movement in Massachusetts and New York, becoming famous for his oratory and incisive antislavery writings
  • Baptist Convention

    Baptist Convention
    Baptist Convention splits over the issue of slavery into northern and southern sections.
  • Harriet Tubman

    Harriet Tubman
    A well known American abolitionist, Harriet Tubman was born into slavery and escaped in 1849. She later became one of the most famous conductors of the Underground Railroads, leading to the freedom for around 70 slaves
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Allows residents of New Mexico and Utah territories to permit or ban slavery, admits California as a free state (31st), ends the slave
    trade (but not slavery) in the District of Columbia, and enacts a stricter fugitive slave law requiring citizens in free states to turn in runaway slaves
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    The fugitive slave act of 1850 was revised from the act of 1793. It was passed by the US congress as part of the Compromise of 1850. The act allowed any African American to be accused of being a runaway and could be captured. They also weren't allowed to a fair trial.
  • Kansa-Nebraska Act

    Kansa-Nebraska Act
    The act was passed by Congress, repealing the Missouri Compromise and allowing Kansas and Nebraska settlers to decide status of slavery in the territories

    Intense local warfare erupts between pro- and anti-slavery settlers.
  • Dred Scott v. Sanford

    Dred Scott v. Sanford
    Supreme Court holds that Congress has no power to regulate slavery in the territories, that African Americans are not citizens, and that residence in free territory does not confer freedom on enslaved persons.
  • Civil war

    Civil war
    It was the civil war because it was between the South and the North US. It mainly (not all of it) began because of the fighting between pro- slavery and anti- slavery opinions.
  • Abraham Lincoln

    Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln became president. Then in 1863–President Lincoln formally issued the Emancipation Proclamation, calling on the Union army to liberate all slaves in states still in rebellion as “an act of justice, warranted by the Constitution, upon military necessity.” He basically stated the end of slavery.