His name was John, the first known antiblack racist in colonial America.
Prince Henry, Page 22
Prince Henry was the son of King John of Portugal. he convinced King John to capture the main trading depot from the northeaster tip of Mcorocco.(22)
Climate Theory, Page 29
this actually came from Aristotle, who questioned whether Africans were born "this way" or if the heat of the continent made them inferior.
The World's First Racist, Page 23
But neither Prince Henry nor King John of Portugal
was given the title World’s First Racist, because the truth
is, capturing people wasn’t an unusual thing back then.
Just a fact of life. That illustrious moniker would go to a
man named neither Henry nor John but something way
more awesome, who did something not awesome at all—
Gomes Eanes de Zurara.
Curse Theory, Page 29
Countries are cursed by their institutions when the rules of the game, and the shared beliefs and expectations that underpin those rules, produce outcomes that harm the majority of the population, if not portions of the ruling class.
Lucilio Vanini, Page 39
He believed Africans were born of a "different Adam," and had a different creation story.
John Pory, Page 35
was named America's first legislative leader. first thing he did was set the price of tobacco, seeing as it would be the country's cash crop.
Glorious Revolution, Page 49
he created a new villain as a distraction.
Richard Baxter, Page 38
He even said there were "voluntary slaves," as in Africans who wanted to be slaves so that they could be baptized.
John Locke, Page 39
He believed that the most unblemished, purest, perfect minds belonged to Whites, which basically meant Africans had dirty brains.
Cotton Mather, Page 47
An eleven-year-old Harvard student (the youngest of all time), he was obviously a nerd, and no top of all that, he was extremely religious.
First Great Awakening, Page 53
which swept through the colonies in the 1730s, spearheaded by a Connecticut man named Jonathan Edwards.
Thomas Jefferson, Page 57,58
His father owned the second-largest number of enslaved people in Albemarle County, Virginia.
Benjamin Rush, Page 61
Wrote a pamphlet saying that Black people weren't born savages but instead were made savages by slavery.
John Wheatley, Page 60
In 1772, John Wheatley, Phillis's adoptive father, got eighteen of the smartest men in America together in Boston so that they could test her.
Thomas Jefferson, Page 68
Wrote, "All men are created equal."
The Great Compromise, Page 72
created the House and the Senate.
Three-Fifths Compromise, Page 73
Every five slaves equaled three humans. so, just to do the math, that's like saying if there were fifteen slaves in the room, on paper, they counted as only nine people.
Thomas Jefferson, Page 82
Became president in 1801.
Thomas Jefferson, Page 82
He brought about a new Slave Trade Act. The goal was to stop the import of people from Africa and the Caribbean into America, and fine illegal slave traders.
The Missouri Compromise, Page 86
Admit Missouri as a slave, but they'd also admit Maine as a free state to make sure there was still an equal amount of slave states and free states and free states, so that no region, or way of governing, felt disadvantaged.
Boston had grown to nearly sixty thousand people, Page 94
Boston had grown to nearly sixty thousand people and was fully immersed in New England's industrial revolution, which was now running on the wheels of southern cotton.
Garrison, Page 95
He was smart and forward-thinking and worked as an editor of a Quaker-run abolitionist newspaper.
John C. Calhoun, Page 102
John C. Calhoun, a senator from South Carolina, was the emcee for slavery—an effective one—there to rock the racist crowd.
Frederick Douglass, Page 103
In June 1845, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an
American Slave was published. It outlined Douglass’s life and gave a firsthand account of the horrors of slavery.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Page 104
The book was called Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
The author, Harriet Beecher Stowe.
Black people, Page 110
Black people as people but know that mistreating and enslaving
them are bad for business. Bad for your brand. Bad for your opportunity. That’s more in line of who Lincoln was.
Lincoln was against Black voting, Page 112
Lincoln was against Black voting.
Lincoln was against racial equality.
Lincoln and the party pledged not to challenge southern slavery.
And Lincoln won.
Civil War, Page 114
The biggest change agent in the war was that slaves wanted to fight against their slave owners, and therefore join Northern soldiers in battle.
Andrew Johnson, Page 119
he basically reversed a lot of Lincoln’s promises, allowing Confederate states to bar Blacks from voting, and making sure their emancipation was upheld only if Black people didn’t break laws.
The abolitionist William Lloyd garrison, Page 93
The abolitionist William Lloyd garrison like that -a man with power and privilege, not afraid to try.
William Lloyd Garrison, Page 118
He believed that because emancipation was imminent, his job as an abolitionist was done.
Lincoln’s successor, Page 119
Lincoln’s successor was forcefully breaking in. And breaking down what had been, for Black people, a breakthrough.