Pennabolsociety

Ali Serrano:Slavery through time

  • Jan 1, 1526

    San Miguel del Gualdape

    Was the first European settlement inside what is now United States territory, founded by Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon, a Spaniard, in 1526. They landed at the River of St. John the Baptist, where they kidnapped 70 natives to sell in Hispaniola, one of which was Francisco de Chicora, who get information about his province Chicora, and other nearby provinces. The first group of African Americans to set foot on what is now the United States were brought by Ayllon to erect the settlement. This bringing
  • Jan 1, 1526

    San Miguel de Gualdape Continued

    San Miguelof African slaves in the 1526 colony is the first instance of African slave labor within what we now know as to be the United States. Since there were political sisputes among the settlers, there evolved an uprising among the slaves, who fled to a different territory and settled with the native American people. This event is the first documented slave rebellion in North America and tha'ts why it is so important.
  • First Major Conspiracy for Slave Rebellion

    There was fear in Virginia at the time because there were rumors and reports that there was going to be a slave uprising.But there weren't any organized slave uprisings in Virginia until the nineteenth century.But there was a significant event on September 13, 1663 which was in Gloucester Country,Virginia but there is little known about it. The plot was betrayed from the inside by an indentured servant, Berkenhead, he received a reward of 5,000 pounds of tobacco and his freedom.Leaders were hung
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    The reason why the leaders of the plot of a rebellion in Gloucester County, Virginia were hung was because they wanted to instill fear upon the rest of the slaves. Of course, all throughout history, that's been one of the ways that people have gotten their points across, especially in small towns, by hanging. (history.org)
  • New York City Slave Rebellion

    New York City Slave Rebellion
    Around 25-40 blacks gathered together in New York City on April 6, 1712. With them they had swords, knives, guns, in hand and one of the first things that they did was set fire to an outhouse and after that they fired shots at the white slave owners that approached the scene to try and stop the fire. At the end of that night, 9 white people were killed and 6 of them were injured. The day after the governor of New York was out to look for those responsible for this. 6 of the men that were a part
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    a part of it committed suicide and the rest were captured. The men who were captured were punished with horrid ways such as being burned alive to being broken by a wheel. But after this occurence the slave owners were uneasy and they passed "an act for preventing" these kinds of things from occuring again (blackpast.org).
  • Cato's Conspiracy/Stono Rebellion

    Was the largest slave uprising in the British colonies before the American Revolution. It is also one of the earliest known organized rebellions in what we now know as the United States. It was led by native Africans who were Catholic. Jemmy who was referred to as Cato, was a literate slave who led 20 slaves to march South from the Stono River. The organizers were able to recruit 60 other slaves and killed around 22-25 whites before coming across South Carolina militia near the Edisto River. As
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    a result of that, a little batter evolved and 20 whites and 44 slaves were killed. Some slaves were able to escape and traveled a bit before being caught by the militia and starting another battle. Most of the slaves were executed as a result of this and just a few survived that incident (lva.virgina.gov).
  • New York Conspirary

    It was about noon on St. Patrick's Day when the first of 8 fires in 6 days broke out in New York City. Along with the fires there were robberies which destroyed most of Fort George a major building and seat of government. An investigation began and evidence indicated that the fires and robberies were the result of concerted activity which raised the suspicion of conspiracy. This investigation lead to the prosecution of more than 150 Africas and 20 Europeans. As a resulf of that 13 blacks were
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    burned at the stake, 16 blacks and 4 whites were hung, and more than 70 blacks and 7 whites were banished. After all the craziness that happened as a result of the fires, everyone in the city was in constant dread of more slave uprisings but none happened until 1741.
  • Ordinance of 1787

    The Ordinance of 1787 was adopted by the Congress of Confederation for the government of the Western territories to the United States by the states. What it's purpose was was to create the Northwest Territory and is frequently called the Northwest Ordinance. It was based off the Ordinance of 1784 which was drafted by Thomas Jefferson himself and it provided for the dividing of the region into numerous territories. The 1784 Ordinance actually never went into effect. Something that was very
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    Ordinanceimportant about it was the fact that it stated that no one who was born in the Northwest Territory should be a slave, and that there would be no law that should ever be passed there that could change the obligation that was in that Ordinance. This ordinance was the most significant achievement of Congress under the Articles of Confederation. (Britannica.com)
  • The First Emancipation Movements

    The First Emancipation Movements
    Slavery had been in American for over 150 years by the time the constitution was ratified, and it was still going strong in the new republic. By 1789 many Eropean nations were reconsidering being a part in the slave trade. Even England, which was a leader in slave trafficking by the late eighteenth century, got rid of the English slave trade and owning slaves by English people abroad, icluding British colonies. This effort took 50 years to fully become accomplished (Oakes,p.226)
  • Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion

    Gabriel Prosser was the leader of an African American slave revolt in Richmond, Virginia. He was about 25 years old when this incident occured. What he wanted to do was to take control of Richmond by slaying all whites except for Quakers, Frenchmen, and Methodists and then to start all over. In the months before the attack Prosser skillfully recruited supporters and organized them into military units. Authorites were actually unable to discover how many slaves were involved but there were at
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    Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion Continued
    least several thousand, many had swords and pikes made form farm tools. The plan was to strike on the night of August 30, 1800. Men inside Richmond were supposed to set fire to buildings for distraction and Prosser and the rest of them were supposed to take over the main government buildings. But on the day of the attack, 2 slaves betrayed them and the governor sent militia in and since they were outnumbered they had to stop and most of them were executed. (bookrags.com/biography).
  • Slave Rebellion in St. John the Baptist Parish

    This revolt started in St. John the Baptist Parish around 30 miles west of New Orleans and it was very significant in our history because it raised people's awareness of how bad the slave system was and it truly inspired the abolitionist movement. It took place a year before Lousiana was granted Statehood and 50 years before it voted to secede from the union to form a cofederacy. One of the main issues that lead to the secession was the attempt to keep slave legal because of its huge economic
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    benefits for farmers. This revolt was very important because it was what sparked lots of people to turn towards the idea of aboliton of slavery. It showed to people how truly inhumane slavery was at the time. (history.org)
  • Fort Blount

    I actually tried doing all tons of research on both google and the cites that were listed on blackboard and all that I was able to find about the Fort Blount Slave Revolt was the fact that it was located in Fort Blount, Florida and it was a former British fort that was held by 300 slaves that were able to escape. This fort had become known as "Negro Fort" as a result of being manned by 300 slaves and 20 Creek Indian Allies who were residing in the Spanish colony of East Florida. This was another
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    significant slave revolt in American history because hardly any slaves would be brave enough to start a revolt as this but yet around 320 men gathered together to have their voices heard and in the end, the majority of them had to die before they had to surrender to American forces. (Encyclopedia Britannica)
  • Denmark Vesey's Uprising

    Vesey who was a free black man living in South Carolina hated slavery and he was truly inspired by the stories of the Israelites freedom for bondage in the Bible. He started to organize for a huge rebellion that would occur in 1822 in Charleston. He and his supporters broke up into small groups and separated from each other. It was done that way so that if one of the groups was caught by the authorities, the other rebels could try and survive. The plan was something quite simple, armed slaves
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    Veseywould place themselves outside of white people's homes at night. Then, some other slaves would start a major fire in the city and once the white men would leave their homes to stop the fire, the slaves would kill them. But of course, before the plan was carried out, one of Vesey's companions that knew all the plan turned him into the authorities. Vesey and the other leaders were hung and this was very important because it frightened the southern slave owners even more. (history.org)
  • Antislavery becomes abolition

    From 1830 until 1835 free African Americans met in annual conventions to coordinate antislavery efforts and to secure to free African American men a voice in society. This National Negro Convention movement framed its goals in the term of "manhood" calling for the "the speedy elevation of ourselves and brethren to the scale and standing of men." African American women worked to raise funds for the antislavery press and to raise awareness by inviting antislavery societies in Salem, MA,and Roches-
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    Abolitionter, New York. Though there was still whites who opposed the thought of abolition and all these kinds of movements, by the 1840s militant abolitionism had grown common in African American communities. In 1841 an escaped slave by the name of Frederick Douglass would become a very important man in the abolitonist movement.
  • Nat Turner

    In the summer of 1831 and African American driver and preacher by the name of Nat Turner started a rebellion in Virginia. The rebellion was actually "put down" and Turner and some of his followers were executed but what was unique about this rebellion was that it actually took place, unline other plots that were stopped just in time. For 2 days, Turner and his followers were able to control parts of Southern Virginia, getting new allies, killing whites, and freeing slaves. 57 whites died in the
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    Nat Turneruprising, more than any other previous slave rebellion. As a result of this uprising, southern whites took their reenge in a month long reign of terror, so this rebellion had left its mark in time. Southern whites began to live in constant fear, they were convinced that northerners and southern slves were against them.
  • When did Northerners show Disapproval for Abolition Movement?

    Even before the 1835 campaign, Northerners had begun to express their disapproval of abolitionists. In 1833, whites had boycotted a Connecticut school for young women when its principal admitted two African American scholars. When the principal admitted an entirely African American student body, white citizens lobbied for laws to bar black studets from the state and to even burn the school to the ground. This was an important time in our history because of course back in the day, it was uncommon
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    Prudenceuncommon for blacks to be in the same schools, or basically everywhere where there were white people. It's crazy to think that people actually threatened to burn the school down as a result of the principal allowing just 2 black students into the school, it's absolutely ridiculous.
  • Slavery Abolition Act of 1833

    In the 1820s the abolitionist movement revived to campain against the institution of slavery. On August 28,1833, the Slavery Abolition Act paved the way for the abolition of slavery within the British Empire and the colonies. On August 4,1834, all slaves in the empire were emancipated, but they were indentured to their former owners in an apprenticeship system that would mean gradual abolition. The full emancipation for all slaves was granted on August 1,1838 and the government set money aside
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    to compensate slave owners for their "property" across the Empire. (history.org)
  • Abolitionism and Antiabolition Violence

    The American Anti-Slvery Society dedicated itself to the abolition of slavery without compensation for owners and to the admission of African Americans to full citizenship. Society members pledged to pursue their goals through nonviolent moral ways, wanting to reform society and undertake voluntary self-reform. Although it was nonviolent for the most part, moral suasion did not exclude any kinds of confrontations. In 1835, in the wake of Virginia's unwillingness to take action against slavery,
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    abolitionthe society was ready to bring up its challenge to America Society, especially in the South. The Society greatly increased its publication of antislavery pamphlets from 100,000 to 1 million pieces. Fliers and periodicals were mailed to southern destinations and agents and lecturers spread out across the North.
  • Response for the American Anti-Slavery Society

    The response from all the efforts of the society was immediate and fierce in both the North as well as the South. In the South, the ange and panic turned very violent. With the memory of Nat Turner still fresh in everyone's mind, slave owners hated the campaign. Southern communities offered rewards for prominent abolition leaders whether dead or alive. Committees were appointed to police free African American neighborhoods, to patrol waters for runaway slaves, and to search post offices for
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    anti-abolitionoffending materials. In Charleston, South Carolina, there was actually a mob that broke out into the post office and stole abolitionist literature and burned it publibly. (Oakes, p.356)
  • Amistad

    The USS Washington intercepted the ship Amistad in American coastal waters. Even though it was Spanish owned, it was under control of its cargo of the kidnapped Africans, who were trying to sail it home to Sierra Leone. But, they were tricked by the ship's pilot, they sailed into Long Island instead. This event was very important in our history because it became the center of a very heated controversy. The reason being because pro and antislavery forces argued over whether the Africans should be
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    returned to slavery, This case actually reached the US Supreme Court where John Quincy Aadmas agreed to argue the case for the captives. He insisted that because the international slave trade was illegal in the United States, the Africans must be returned to their homes. But on March 9,1841 the Supreme Court announced that those on board were kidnapped Africans, who by the laws of Spain wre entitled their freedom. Its impact was great because it widened the antislavery debate and increased
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    Amistad Bookpeople's interest in the new Liberty Party. There was also a huge newspaper coverage that helped arouse the sympathy of even those who were moderate opponents of slavery. (Oakes, p.379)
  • Frederick Douglass

    He was an American social reformer who was also famous for his writing. After he was able to escape from slavery, he became a huge leader of the abolitionist movement, he gained note for his way of being and his antislavery writing. He stood as a living example to slaveholders' arguments that slaves did not have the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens. Many Northerners actually found it hard to believe that he was a slave before. He wrote various autobiographies,
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    describing his experiences in slavery in his 1845 autobriography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, which became very influential in support of abolition, Another very significant thing about him was that he was the first African American nominated for Vice President of the United Staets as the running mate of Victoria Woodhull. (history.org)