Stamped- Fowzia Askar

  • 1415

    Prince Henry's Caper

    Prince Henry's Caper
    Prince Henry's goal was to "capture the main Muslim trading depot [in] Morocco" (22).
  • Period: 1415 to

    History of Racism and Antiracism

  • 1450

    The World's First Racist

    The World's First Racist
    According to Kendi and Reynolds, "Zurara was the first person to write about and defend Black human ownership" (25).
  • 1526

    First Known African Racist

    First Known African Racist
    Johannes Leo, also known Leo Africanus, "echoed Zurara's sentiments of Africans, his own people [and called them...] hypersexual savages" (26-7).
  • 1577

    Curse Therory

    Curse Therory
    In Chapter 2 of "Stamped," Reynolds explains that "English travel writer George Best determined [...] that Africans were, in fact, cursed" (30).
  • James Town's First Slave

    James Town's First Slave
    A Latin American ship was seized by pirates and "twenty Angolans [on board were sold to] the governor of Virginia"(36).
  • Richard Mather's Arrival

    Richard Mather's Arrival
    Richard Mather was a Puritan who came to America to practice "more disciplined and rigid" form of Christianity. (32)
  • "Voluntary" Slaves

    "Voluntary" Slaves
    Richard Baxter believed that, "...there were “voluntary slaves,” as in Africans who wanted to be slaves so that they could be baptized.”
  • White Privilege

    White Privilege
    To create a wedge bewtween poor White people and poor Black people, “Only the White rebels were pardoned”, and “...Whites now wielded absolute power to abuse any African person.”
  • First Antiracist Writing in the Colonies

    First Antiracist Writing in the Colonies
    The Germantown Petition Against Slavery,“ was the first piece of writing that was antiracist ”
  • The Witch Hunt Begins!

    The Witch Hunt Begins!
    Cotton Mather created the book that showed the outlines of a witch ,so when “Parris’s nine-year-old daughter suffered convulsions and chokes, he believed she’d been possessed or cursed”
  • First Great Awakening

    First Great Awakening
    Enslavers believed that they were purifying the souls of their slaves, “,spearheaded by a Connecticut man named Jonathan Edwards. Edwards”
  • American Philosophical Society (APS)

    American Philosophical Society (APS)
    Benjamin Franklin created "a club for smart (White) people" to discuss ideas and philosophy.
  • The (American) Enlightenment

    The (American) Enlightenment
    In the mid-1700's, "new America entered what we now call the Enlightenment Era".
  • Phyllis Wheatley's Test

    Phyllis Wheatley's Test
    Wheatley "proved herself [as intelligent and] human",by passing a test given by some of the smartest men in the country at the time.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Thomas Jefferson and the rest of the Second Continental Congress and “sat down to pen the Declaration of Independence.”
  • The Haitian Revolution

    The Haitian Revolution
    In August, “close to half a million enslaved Africans in Haiti rose up against French rule”, and won
  • The Three Fifths Compromise

    The Three Fifths Compromise
    Because of the North and South power struggle they came to a middle ground ,of “Every five slaves equaled three humans.”
  • (Possibly) North America's Biggest Uprising

    (Possibly) North America's Biggest Uprising
    A revolt was scheduled but because of, “two cynical slaves—snitches—begging for their master’s favor," it was blown.
  • Jefferson's Slave Trade Act

    Jefferson's Slave Trade Act
    During Jefferson's presidency the, “...[a] new Slave Trade Act. The goal was to stop the import of people from Africa and the Caribbean into America,”
  • The Missouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise

    Whether or not Missouri was a slave state or a free state so, the compromise was to “admit Missouri as a slave state, but they’d also admit Maine as a free state to make sure there was still an equal amount of slave states and free states,"
  • Thomas Jefferson's Death

    Thomas Jefferson's Death
    “July 2, 1826, Jefferson seemed to be fighting to stay alive.”, was alive till the dawn of July 4th.
  • Garrison's First Abolition Speech

    Garrison's First Abolition Speech
    Pg. 95-6
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion
    Just like the Enligment Era Nat Turner believed that liberation of Black people came from, “slave masters, their wives, and even their children slaughtered.”
  • AASS Abolitionist Pamphlets

    AASS Abolitionist Pamphlets
    Founded by Lloyd Garrison, “[began]mass printing and an efficient postal service to overwhelm the nation with twenty to fifty thousand pamphlets a week."
  • Samuel Morton's Theories

    Samuel Morton's Theories
    Scientist Samuel Morton, examine human skulls came to the conclusion that, “that White people had bigger skulls and therefore greater intellectual capacity,”
  • Frederick Douglass' Narrative Published

    Frederick Douglass' Narrative Published
    Published, “The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave was published. It outlined Douglass’s life and gave a firsthand account of the horrors of slavery.”
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    After reading the viewpoint of a black women who was a slave, a white women made a book about how, “We all must be slaves… to God. And since docile Black people made the best slaves (to man), they made the best Christians. ”
  • Start of Civil War

    Start of Civil War
    The South began a secession, which mean to withdraw. “There were now two governments, like rival gangs." Then they fought.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation
    Abraham Linclon passed a bill hat said, “All persons held as slaves within any state [under rebel control] shall then, thenceforward, and forever, be free.”
  • 40 Acres and a Mule

    40 Acres and a Mule
    Pennsylvania congressman Thaddeus Stevens “...fought for the redistribution of land to award former slaves forty acres to work for themselves."
  • End of Civil War

    End of Civil War
    At the end of the war Abraham Lincoln plan of reconstruction was, “...that Blacks (the intelligent ones) should have the right to vote.”
  • The Fifteenth Amendment

    The Fifteenth Amendment
    The Fifth-teen Amendment stated, “ one could be prohibited from voting due to “race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
  • Black Codes and Jim Crow

    Black Codes and Jim Crow
    Black codes were used to stop Black people from living freely, and Jim crow laws ,“which were laws that legalized racial segregation.”