Ancient Greece

By aenns
  • 300

    BCE; Euclid studies and writes about mathematics and geometry

    BCE; Euclid studies and writes about mathematics and geometry
    Historians suspect that Euclid may have studied at Plato's Academy. He was a Greek mathematician, oftin referred to as the "Father of Geometry." Euclid made many discoveries about prime numbers. Included with this are the many reasons why Euclid was such an important figure. He determined how to find the greatest common divisor of two numbers, and he was also the founder of Euclidean Geometry and he had a math contest named in his honour at the University of Waterloo in the twentieth century.
  • 312

    BCE; Highways and Aqueducts

    BCE; Highways and Aqueducts
    First highways and aqueducts were built at this time in Rome. Many people were involved in the construction and design of these structues. I believe that highways and aqueducts would be important because they help to transport important items in a sufficient form. The aqueducts help to ensure that the water is transported conveniently. Aqueducts help to transport fluids to a specific place to insure that the people have safe and healthy drinking water to consume and that they have water to use.
  • 367

    BCE; Aristotle becomes a student of Plato, Later teaching Alexander the Great.

    BCE; Aristotle becomes a student of Plato, Later teaching Alexander the Great.
    At age 17, Aristotle becomes a student of Plato at the Academy. Aristotle did very well at the Academy. But never got to be among its leaders. Though a brilliant pupil, Aristotle had opposed some of Plato's teaching techniques. Soon afterwards, Aristotle left Athens and went to Macedon to be the tutor of the young prince Alexander, who grew up to be Alexander the Great. Aristotle was a very important fighure in our scientific lives today. He is truly the father of todays Scientific Method.
  • 400

    BCE; Hippocrates and Medicine

    BCE; Hippocrates and Medicine
    Hippocrates practicied and studied Medicine. Hippocrates is considered one of the greatest figures in the history of Medicine. Hippocrates was said to be the first person to believe that disease was caused naturally and not by the gods or a a result of superstition. Hippocrates was important because we sill use his findings today. Hippocrates believed that the medical profession was a brotherhood. He also believed that no doctors should cause harm to their patients.
  • 404

    BCE; Sparta defeats Athens

    BCE; Sparta defeats Athens
    The Peloponnesian war ends. Athens surrendered to Sparta after twenty seven years. The plague that killed many Athenians helped Sparta defeat Athens. For fifty years, all of the Greek city-states were weakened. All the Greek city-states suffered economic, military losses, crops were distroyed, and thousands of Greek died.
  • 431

    BCE; The Peloponnesian war begins between Athens and Sparta

    BCE; The Peloponnesian war begins between Athens and Sparta
    This war was fought over Athens' growing power. Sparta had better land forces, Athens had a better Navy. Athens strategy was to avoid land battles, they relied on sea power. Sparta captured land around Athens, destroyed crops, and food supply. Athens let Sparta do this andprotected their people by bringing them inside city walls. They brought in food by sea. Athens lost up to a third of its people and army in the second year due to a plague. This disease was spread easily.
  • 450

    BCE; Roman Laws

    BCE; Roman Laws
    Twelve Tables of Roman Laws are written. These laws are important because laws help people know what it right or wrong. If we didn't have laws nowadays, then people would be in grave danger. People would be risking their own lives and the lives of people around them. If laws didn't exist, then each day would be chaotic. People would be speeding, stealing and breaking other laws. These laws would help mold the daily events and routines of people lives. Laws help keep people safe.
  • 505

    BCE; First democratic constitution.

    Cleisthenes establishes the first democratic constitution (a set of laws to define and limit the government's power). Free speech and political involvement is extended to all Greek citizens. I believe that a democratic society is important because then everybody can have a say in how the community is run. If only a few people have an opinion in how things are done, then many people will be disappointed. This is becasue not everybody will be able to state their opinion and their reasoning.
  • Jan 1, 621

    BCE; Code of laws

    Athens develops a written code of laws. This code of laws would be important so that the Athenians would have rules and their lives would be more safe. We have laws today and they guide us through our lives. To stay safe and be certain that we are doing the right thing, we must have laws. The laws would help the people of Athens.
  • Jan 1, 650

    BCE; Tyrants

    Tyrants rule some Greek city-states as a result of the poorer classes' discontent with the ruling class. (In a tyranny, the power of the ruler is not limited by the people or by the law.) I believe that this is important so that we can learn about what worked and what didn't. Most if not all Tyranny's did not work out. For example Hitler was a Tyrant and he caused many problems. From this we learned to not have a Tyrants. We can learn from our mistakes.
  • Jan 1, 700

    BCE; Monarchies.

    Most Greek city-states were monarchies. This was important for us today so that we can learn about how monarchies worked and how they can either benefit or not benefit us. We can decide to have a monarchy or decide to have a different type of government based on how the monarchy prior to the 8th century worked.
  • Jan 1, 776

    BCE; First Olympic Games

    BCE; First Olympic Games
    The first Olympic Games took place in Olympia in Greece. The Games were usually held once evry four years. The Olympics were important to demonstrate skill and ability. We still do them today. The modern Olympic Games take place in different locations. This was not the same in 776 BCE. In this time, the Olympics would usually be held in Olympia. At first, the Games only lasted one day. This eventually changed and expanded into five days. The victors would be highly admired.
  • [ 44 BCE; Julius Caesar is assassinated

    [ 44 BCE; Julius Caesar is assassinated
    Julius Caesar is assassinated on the Ides of March. Julius Caesar was told one day by a soothsayer to "Beware the Ides of March" which is March fifteenth. On the fifteenth of March, Julius Caesar's wife told him not to go to the senate. He decided to listen to her until he was told that he would be given the crown at the senate that day. He changed his mind and went ahead to the senate where he was killed. This is important so we can learn about this time and event in history.
  • [ 49 BCE; Julius Caesar as dictator

    [ 49 BCE; Julius Caesar as dictator
    Julius Caesar seizes complete control of Rome as a dictator. Julius Caesar was a very famous play written by Shakespeare. It outlines the main part of Julius Caesar's life as he was about to be crowned King/ Dictator of Rome. Julius Caesar had a very controlling way to make people like him. He also was quite narcissistic. He printed his own face on a coin. This was done for Gods. He was about to become dictator, but was killed because the senate believed he would be too powerful.
  • [ 79 BCE; Vesuvius expoldes

    [ 79 BCE; Vesuvius expoldes
    Vesuvius explodes in Pompeii. This volcano, Vesuvius, has erupted many times in the history of our world, but the most famous eruption was that of 79 BCE. This eruption killed an estimated 16, 000 people. It is important to know about this eruption so that we can learn about and respect what happened. The lava from Vesuvius blanketed Pompeii for two days. The city was distroyed. People were preserved so that tourists could see what happened and relive the horrifying experience.
  • [ 80 BCE; Colosseum

    [ 80 BCE; Colosseum
    The Roman Colosseum is built at this time in Rome. The colosseum was where many people gathered to watch various event such as gladiator battles. The colosseum is still standing and is an extreamly popular tourist attraction. It is important because is was a major part of history. The people of Rome thought that they could distract the people from doing crimes by putting on shows. It could hold around 50,000 people! Many shows were put on there in which thousands of wild animals were killed.
  • --126; Roman Panthon

    --126; Roman Panthon
    The Roman Pantheon is built at this time. The Pantheon is located in Rome. It is a very significant structure in Roman history. It contains art and many mirals for tourists to see. The dome of it is said to represent the Heavens. The Pantheon is important in history because people have and still go there to warship all Gods and to practise their religion. The Pantheon is considered to be one of the most fascinating architectural achievements. It is only lit by natural light, from a skylight.
  • BCE; Plato opens an academy

    BCE; Plato opens an academy
    Plato opens an academy of learning in Athens. This academy was an institution devoted to research and instruction in philosophy and the sciences. Plato wanted to train young men to become better statesmen. He concentrated on the idea of proof and insisted on accurate definitions and clear hypotheses. Most of the main mathematical work of the fourth century was done by friends or pupils of Plato. This academy was important because he believed that to prove something, it must be done through math.
  • BCE; Govern military city-state

    Sparta develops the first code of Greek written law to govern its military city-state. This would be important so that Sparta would have rules to live by. Laws help guide us for what is right and what is wrong. We need laws to be properly living. Laws are created to help us live more safely.