Tajik mountains


  • Period: to


    A small history of Tajikistan after WWII.
  • Cotton

    1960s-Tajikistan becomes the third largest cotton-producing republic in the Soviet Union. Cotton became a major export.
  • Violence

    1970s-Increased Islamic Influence, violence towards non-indigenous nationalities. Extreme Muslims beat down people of other religions.
  • Riot

    1978-13,000 people take part in anti-Russian riots. Tajiks demand their freedom from the Soviet Union.
  • Renewed culture

    Renewed culture
    Late 1980s-Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev's policy of glasnot, or openness, leads to the formation of unofficial political groups and a renewed interest in Tajik Culture.
  • Language

    1989-Tajik Supreme Soviet legislature declares Tajik to be the official state language. Tajik is now spoken today.
  • Soviet Rule

    Soviet Rule
    Soviet Rule ends. Tajikistan becomes an independent country
  • Rumors

    1990-5000 Soviet troops were sent to Dushanbe to suppress pro-democracy, which fuelled rumors of Americans in Dushanbe. They thought the Americans would try to take lead.
  • Resigned

    Communist Leader Qahhor Makhkamor was forced to resign after supporting the failed anto-Garbacher coup in Moscow.
  • War

    1992-Anti-government demonstrations in Dushanbe escalate into civil war between pro-government forces, Islamists, and pro-democracy groups which eventually killed 20,000 people, injures 600,000, and devastates the economy.
  • Control

    1993 - Government re-establishes control, suppresses political opposition and imposes strict media controls; Supreme Court bans all opposition parties, leaving the Communist Party of Tajikistan as the only legal party; CIS peacekeeping force deployed on Tajik-Afghan border to prevent Islamist guerrilla groups infiltrating from bases in Afghanistan.
  • Cease fire

    1994 - Cease-fire between government and rebels agreed; Rahmonov announces willingness to negotiate with opposition; referendum approves draft constitution reinstituting presidential system; Rahmonov elected president in ballot deemed by international observers as neither free nor fair.
  • Rahmonov

    1995 - Rahmonov supporters win parliamentary elections; fighting on Afghan border erupts.
  • Rebels

    1996 - Islamist rebels capture towns in southwestern Tajikistan; UN-sponsored cease-fire between government and rebels comes into effect.
  • UTO

    1997 - Government and rebel United Tajik Opposition (UTO) sign peace accord; National Reconciliation Commission, comprising government and opposition members, created to supervise implementation of accord; Rahmonov injured in grenade attack.
  • Pardon

    1998 - Rahmonov announces pardon for all opposition leaders in exile and agrees to appoint one of the Islamist opposition's leaders as first deputy prime minister. Rebel who declines peace offer launches uprising in north but is crushed with the help of former opposition groups.
  • Hero

    1999 - Rahmonov re-elected for second term with 96 % of the vote; UTO armed forces integrated into state army; Rahmonov awarded order of Hero of Tajikistan.
  • NCR

    2000 - Last meeting of the National Reconciliation Commission held and a new bicameral parliament set up in March; a new national currency, the somoni, introduced; visas introduced for travel between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
  • Assassination

    2001 April - Deputy Interior Minister Habib Sanginov assassinated in Dushanbe. Apparently, he was gunned down while he was in his car nor far from his home at 8 in the morning. The gunner(s) is(are) unknown.
  • SCO

    2001 June-Leaders of China, Russia and four Central Asian states launch the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) and sign an agreement to fight ethnic and religious militancy while promoting trade and investment. The group emerges when the Shanghai Five—China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan—are joined by Uzbekistan.
  • Car blows up

    2005 January - Car blows up near government building in Dushanbe, killing at least one person. Fire breaks out at Security Ministry on same day. Government later blames Islamic militants.
  • 3rd election

    3rd election
    2006 November - President Rakhmonov wins a third term in office, in an election which international observers say is neither free nor fair.
  • Explosion

    2007 November - A powerful explosion kills a guard near the presidential palace.
  • Winter

    2008 February - Tajikistan appeals for help after suffering its worst winter in 50 years as well as an energy crisis.
  • Gas cut

    2009 September - Uzbekistan cuts off gas supplies to Tajikistan for three days amid a dispute about Tajikistan's payment arrears. Tajikistan must find other ways for fuel.
  • Suicide

    2010 September - Suicide car bombing targets police station in Khujand. Nobody killed except for the person who commit the suicide.