Chapter 25.1 The Unification of Italy-Sarah

By sarah17
  • "Young Italy"

    "Young Italy"
    Giuseppe Mazzini, a nationalist, organized the group,"Young Italy". "Young Italy" contains of a group of Italian patriots dedicated to making Italy a free and independent country. Mazzini stated that a republic should rule Italy, not a pope or king.
  • Camillo di Cavour

    Camillo di Cavour
    Camillo Benso di Cavour is a republican and Italian patriot. He wished for Sardina to lead the way in Italy's industrialization. He accomplished this by becoming a prime minister of Sardinia and dedicating himself to taking out the Austrians.
  • Napoleon III

    Napoleon III
    Seeing Austria as the greatest threat towards the Italian industrialization, Camillo di Cavour proposed an alliance of France and Sardinia against Austria. In exchange for two Italian territories, Nice and Savoy, Napoleon III agreed to help Camillo di Cavour defeat the Austrians. Cavour and Napoleon III secretly planned that if Austria could be motivated into declaring war on Sardinia, Napoleon III of France would send his troops to help drive the Austrians from Lombardy and Venetia.
  • "Expedition of the Thousand"

    "Expedition of the Thousand"
    Devoted to Italian freedom, Giuseppe Garibaldi formed an army of volunteers, called “Red Skirts”. He recruited his "Expedition of the Thousand", an army of more than 1000 soldiers, and attacked and captured Sicily. Because he conquered the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, he added this area to the kingdom of Italy, making Garibaldi a national hero.
  • The Unification

    The Unification
    In 1870, the unification of Italy was finally accomplished. Overwhelmingly, the citizens of Rome voted to become a part of Italy. Soon after, Rome was announced the capital of the kingdom of Italy.
  • Issues of the Unification

    Issues of the Unification
    Italy still faced several issues with the unification. Due to cultural traditions, regions of the country remained separated. In addition, problems grew between the agricultural south and the industrialized north.