western civics project

  • The Bread Riots

    The Bread Riots
    The crowds anger was directed toward the queen, Marie Antionette. She went under attack when she married Louis in 1770. The false story of her saying "Let them eat cake" helped inflame the feelings against the Queen. Women refused to leave until king met their most important demand.
  • General Napoleon Buonaparte

    General Napoleon Buonaparte
    Napoleon Buonaparte was best known as: french emperor and military genius of the 1800s. He quickly through the ranks until he fell a 1799. In 1804 he went further, proclaiming himself emperor. By 1807 France ruled territory from Portugal to Italy and to Elbe. But Napoleon's attempts to conquer the rest of Europe failed, a defeat in Moscow in 1812 destroyed his empire, in 1814 he was exiled to Elba. In 1815 Battle of Waterloo finished him and he was exiled to St. Helena where he died in 1821.
  • The Estates General

    The Estates General
    There were three estates in this governing system. The first estate was made up of the clergy. They owned approximately 10% of the land in France. The second Estate consists of the French Aristocracy. Finally the tthird Estate was filled with peasants and unskilled laborers. The enlightenment of this time period brought about a great deal of emphasis on wealth and economic achievement.
  • The National Assembly

    The National Assembly
    One of the two assemblies which the senate, constitute as the French Parliament. It consists of 577 deputies elected by direct universal suffrage. To those over the age of 18, who can vote. Each candidate is elected for five years.
  • The Tennis Court Oath

    The Tennis Court Oath
    This is the result of the growing discontent of the Third Estate in France. Louis XVI desired to hold onto the country's history of absolute government. The assertion that the sovereignty of the people didn't reside with the king. The first assertion of the revolutionary authority by the Third estate. Louis XVI called for a meeting of the estates general for the purpose of writing the constitution.
  • The Storming of the Bastille

    The Storming of the Bastille
    At the time the king was Louis XVI. The Bastille was governed by a man named Marquis de Launay. There were thirty-two Swiss soldiers led by Deflue. They wanted to put an end to their over taxing and overbearing government.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man

    Declaration of the Rights of Man
    This was modeled in part on the American Declaration of Independence. It states that all mean are born and remain free and equal in rights. As well as all male citizens are equal before the law. Lastly, they recieve freedom of religon and it also called for taxes to be levied according to the ability to be paid. The Declaration is alot like the american Declaration of Independence.
  • Defense of France

    Defense of France
    In 1791, the Secretary of State became "Minister of War". Along with the other ministerial positions, it was abolished in 1794 and restored the next year. In the 1930s, the position was frequently named "Minister of War and of National Defence".
  • Exicution of the King

    Exicution of the King
    On January 20th 1793 the National Convention commended Louis XIV to death, his exicution was scheduled for the next day. He was exicuted because he tried to escape to Austria and it was one of the reasons they acused hon of treason. At 8 o'clock a guard of 1200 horsemen arrived to escort the former king on a 2 hour carriage ride to his place of exicution.
  • Arrest of the King " Louis XVI"

    Arrest of the King " Louis XVI"
    The people wanted the king to go to Paris and he agreed. The crowd went with the king and set for Paris the next day. The Royal family moved into the Tuileries. For the next three years Louis was a virtual prisoner in Paris. He was guilty for treason then was executed.
  • Regin of Terror

    Regin of Terror
    It lasted from 1793-1794 and it was a period of time when the French Revolution characterized by a wave of exicution presumed by elements of the state. This was directed by the Committee of Public Saftey.
  • Maximilien Robespierre Exicution

    Maximilien Robespierre Exicution
    Maximilien Robespierre is one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution. He largely dominated the Committee of Public Safety. On 28 July 1794 they took him to be executed at the Place Louis XIV, and in a sinister twist, they made him face his killer blade face up.
  • Battle of Lodi

    Battle of Lodi
    The Battle of Lodi was fought on May 10, 1796 between French forces under General Napoleon Bonaparte and Austria, led by Karl Sebottendorf at Lodi, Italy. The rear guard was defeated, but the main body of Johann Beaulieu's Austrian Army had time to recover.
  • Emperor Bonaparte

    Emperor Bonaparte
    Bonaparte exhibited an undeniable skill as both legislator and statesmen, a study of these achievements could rival those of his campaigns for size and depth. But many have argued that this talent was deeply flawed. The Consul's popularity remained high and helped by his mastery of propaganda, but also genuine national support. He was elected Consulate for life by the French people in 1802 and Emperor of France in 1804, a title which Bonaparte worked hard to maintain and glorify.
  • The Battle of Trafalgar

    The Battle of Trafalgar
    Took place at Cape Trafalgar off the Southwestern Coast of Spain. The war was set at see where the French and British Navys met. The British had 27 ships where the French and spanish had 33, Even though the french had more ships the Britich could not get through the british blockade. So General Bonapart abandoned his troups and set back to France.
  • Battle of Austerlitz

    Battle of Austerlitz
    Regarded as Napoleon's greatest Victory,Austerlitz was a sublime trap that destroyed the armies of Russia and Austria. Tricking his opponets into thinking that he was weaker, Napoleon met the combined allied army of 85,000 men and 278 guns with just 68,000 men. French loses amounted to 8,000 men while the Russian and Austrian lost more than 27,000 men killed, wounded or captured.
  • Battle of Russia

    Battle of Russia
    The french began to envade russian in Novemeber 1812. This was the biggest defeat for Napleon. He lost many men. Mostly due to the frigid temperatures and no shelter.Also this Battle was why the french citizen turned there backs on him. Also why he was exiled .
  • Exile on Elba

    Exile on Elba
    On April 20 1814 France's emperor was dethroned and left for his exile to the island of Elba. He would be allowed to rule this island with 12,000 inhabitants.On Elba Napoleon was on constant watch by Austrian and French guards. On February 26. 1815 Napoleon managed to slip past this guards and headed back to france
  • Battle of Waterloo

    Battle of Waterloo
    One of the most important wars of the Napoleonic Wars. It was fought in the smallest area. The allied troups easily out numbered the french troups. Once again the allied troups succeded against Napoleon and the French. Which once again lead Napoleon to another exile but this time he remained on the island
  • Congress of vienna

    Congress of vienna
    After the battle at Waterloo,diplomats from all over Europe sat down at the Congress of vienna. They faced the difficult task of restoring stability and also order in Europe after the years of the revolution and wars