Important Medical breakthroughs by Awate

By awate
  • First Vaccin for cholera

    First Vaccin for cholera
    The majority of reported cholera cases worldwide occur in Africa. It is estimated that most cases of cholera are unreported due to poor surveillance systems, particularly in Africa. Fatality rates are 5% of total cases in Africa, and less than 1% elsewhere.
  • First rabies vaccine created by louis pasteur

    First rabies vaccine created by louis pasteur
    The rabies virus travels through the nervous system, eventually inflaming the brain. Early symptoms include irritability, headache, fever, and sometimes itching or pain at the site of the bite. The disease eventually progresses to paralysis, spasms of the throat muscles, convulsions, and delirium. Without preventive treatment, it is fatal.
  • Mastectomy

    saw the radical mastectomy (removal of the entire breast, the muscles in the front of the chest, and the lymphatic system of the breast) to treat breast cancer.
  • Reproduction of Cancer cells.

    Cancer was induced in laboratory animals for the first time at Tokyo University, by applying coal tar onto the skin of rabbits, leading the way for current cancer research methods.
  • First vaccine for tuberculosis

    People with silicosis have an approximately 30-fold greater risk for developing TB. People with chronic renal failure who are on hemodialysis also have an increased risk: 10--25 times greater than the general population.
  • first vaccine for Yellow Fever

    first vaccine for Yellow Fever
    The yellow fever virus is mainly transmitted through the bite of the yellow fever mosquito Like other mosquito transmitted dseases like malaria the yellow fever virus is taken up by a female mosquito which sucks the blood of an infected person.
  • First vacine for influenza

    First vacine for influenza
    influenza is transmitted through the air by coughs or sneezes, creating aerosols containing the virus. Influenza can also be transmitted by bird droppings, saliva, nasal secretions, feces and blood.
  • First vaccine for measles

    First vaccine for measles
    Measles is an infection of the respiratory system caused by a virus, The virus is transmitted in respiratory secretions, and can be passed from person to person via aerosol droplets containing virus particles
  • last fatal case of small pox

    last fatal case of small pox
    Smallpox localizes in small blood vessels of the skin and in the mouth and throat. In the skin, this results in a characteristic maculopapular rash, and later, raised fluid-filled blisters. V. major produces a more serious disease and has an overall mortality rate of 30–35%. V. minor causes a milder form of disease which kills about 1% of its victims
  • First Vaccine for Hepatitus B

    First Vaccine for Hepatitus B
    Originally known as "serum hepatitis", the disease has caused epidemics in parts of Asia and Africa, and it is endemic in China. About a third of the world's population, more than 2 billion people, have been infected with the hepatitis B virus.This includes 350 million chronic carriers of the virus. Transmission of hepatitis B virus results from exposure to infectious blood or body fluids containing blood.
  • First hepatitus A vaccine available

    First hepatitus A vaccine available
    HAV is found in the feces of infected persons and those who are at higher risk include travelers to developing countries where there is a higher incidence rate, and those having sexual contact or drug use with infected persons.[8] There were 30,000 cases of Hepatitis A reported to the CDC in the U.S. in 1997. The agency estimates that there were as many as 270,000 cases each year from 1980 through 2000.