Nicolaus Copernicus publishes On the Revolutions of heavenly Spheres
He thought that the sun centered conception of the universe offered a more accurate explantion than did the Proemaic system
Galileo Galliei pusblishes Starry MEssenger
published to make europeans aware of the new view of the universe and how it works
Rene Descartes writes Discourse on Method
"I think therefore I am" was his first princible
Isaac Newton publishes Principia
In this work Newton defines the three laws on motion
John Locke writes Essay concerning human understanding
Not sure what year, it just said seventeenth century in the book... But it argued that every person was born with a blank mind.
First dailey newspaper published in london
they were cheap and even provided in coffee houses
Hanovers take the British crown.
Te first king did not speak english, they favored expanision.
Maria Theresa inherites the thrown
worked to centrailize and strengthen the state
war of austrian succession
fought in three areas of the world, after seven years of warfare made the treaty of aix-la-chapelle
Montesque writes the spirit of laws
it was a study of government, he used the scientific method to try and find natural laws that govern the social and political relationships of human beings
Diderot published the Encycolpedia
he wanted to change the general way of thinking.
Rousseau writes the social contract.
In a social contract everyone in a society agrees to be governed by its general will
Catherine the great rules russia
until 1796. Favored enlightment reforms
Catherine the Great ruled Russia
She was familar with the words of the philosophes and see,ed to favor enlightened reforms.
Voltaire writes Treatise of Toleration
In this he reminded the government thar all men are brothers under god.
On crimes and punishments was written by Cesare Beccarina
Agrued that punishments should not be experienced in brutality.
Stamp act imposed on colonies.
Brittish needed money to help pay for the war
first continetal congress meets in philadelphia
Urged colonists to "take up arms and organize militias"
Adam Smith writes the wealth of Nations
Believed that states should not interfer in economic matters
Mary Wollstonecraft publishes A windications of the rights of women.
This identified two promblems with the view of many enlightenment thinkers. she wrote that the same people who argued that women must obey men argued that the government should be based on arbitratary power.
Treaty of Paris signed
the independence of the merican colones were recongized