Year 9 Introductory Timeline

  • James Watt

    James Watt designs a more efficient steam engine - 1775 – steam engine powered machines became crucial in moving heavy objects, getting water out of coal and iron, and were used to transport goods, resources and people. Significant economic and social impact.
  • American Declaration of Independence.

    American Declaration of Independence announces the American colonies’ independence from Great Britain. – 1776- This wasn’t only a significant event for America, it was also significant to the rest of the world. It gave other countries the confidence to break away from Great Britain. As well as this, it listed the things that America thought were acceptable.
  • First Fleet Arrives In Australia

    The First Fleet arrives in Botany Bay, beginning British settlement in Australia. 1787 – Started a new European colonization in NSW in Australia
  • French Revolution

    Outbreak of the French Revolution as a consequence of high bread prices and dissatisfaction with the ruling aristocrats who levied high taxes to support extravagant lifestyles. 1789-99 - the collapse of a monarchy in three years which had ruled for centuries. It called for liberty, equality and fraternity as a way of ruling. The rich houses were horrified and lead a counter crusade that restored the old monarchy but many major reforms in the laws were a result of the revolution. There was mor
  • Alessandro Volta

    Alessandro Volta invents a battery to store electrical current; the unit of electrical potential, volt, is named after him. – 1800- Without the invention of the battery and the theories that Volta came up with technology wouldn’t have become as advanced as it is today.
  • Textile Workers

    Textile workers smash machinery in factories and mills in the midlands and north of England. – 1812 – This event was significant because it was the workers were making a statement that they didn’t agree with the industrial revolution and they were concerned for future employment.
  • George Stephenson

    • George Stephenson builds the first passenger railway between Liverpool and Manchester. 1830 – public inter-city railway line – “father of the railways” it was a significant event because for the first time people were able to travel or transport goods in large quantities very quickly and with not as much effort.
  • People's Charter In Britain

    Publication of the People’s Charter in Britain demanding political reform, including the right to vote for every man from the age of 21. 1838 – made the political system more democratic – part of the fight against corruption and democracy in an industrial society.
  • Edward Hargraves Discovers Gold

    Edward Hargraves discovers gold near Bathurst, New South Wales, triggering several gold rushes around Australia. -1851- Australia is now being viewed as rich country full of resources. Large numbers of people come from all over the world in purchute of wealth. Our population rises and our identity as a country changes.
  • Convict Transport Ceases

    Convict transportation to Australia ceases with the last shipment of convicts disembarking in Western Australia. – 1868- this day marks the end of Australia just being used as a dumping ground for Great Britain.
  • Federation of Australia

    Federation of Australia –six colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. 1901 – they kept the systems of government the different states had developed as separate colonies but also had a federal government that was responsible for matters concerning the whole of Australia.
  • Brothers Orville and Wilbur Wright

    Brothers Orville and Wilbur Wright achieve first controlled, powered, man-carrying flight. – 1903 – with this newly discovered technology, the power of flight could now be achieved and further explored. Because of this it is now possible to fly to all corners of the world, which is much more efficient than sea travel.
  • Henry Ford

    Henry Ford produces his first Ford Model T automobile- 1908 – is regarded as the first affordable automobile and was the first car that was mass produced. This sparked an idea that would bring on today’s car crazed world.
  • Titanic Sinks

    The world’s largest passenger ship, the Titanic, hits an iceberg and sinks.1912- Was going to be the revolutionary transport across the ocean, making lots of money. Its tragic disaster caused the forming of the International Convent for the Safety of Life at Sea. Sveral new wireless regulations were passed around the world in a effort to improve the communications which may have saved some lives if the connections were better at the time the titanic sank.
  • End of World War 1

    World War I ends with the defeat of Germany. 1918 – there was drastic political, cultural and social change across Europe, asia, Africa, and areas outside those that were directly involved. Four empires collapsed, old countries were abolished, new one formed, boundaries were redrawn, international organisations were established, and many new and old ideologies took a firm hold in people’s minds.