World War I, the Treaty of Versailles, and the Great Depression

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    Germany increased their military by a whopping 170,000 men. France extended their military service time to 3 years. Russia also extended their service period to 3 1/2 years. Britain trained their forces for expedition and defending their home. All powers stocked up on and created more effiecient weapons.
  • Archduke Assassination

    The Archduke, Franz Ferdinand, was heir to the throne for Austria-Hungary. He and his wife were both killed by a man named Gavrilo Princip. Gavrilo Princip hoped that by killing the Archduke and his wife, he could free his people. Serbia supplied the weapons and the training that enabled the assassination.
  • Germany Give Austria-Hungary Blank Check Assurance

    Germany pledged to unconditionally support Austria-Hungary after the assassination of the Archduke. Germany supported any punitive actions towards Serbia and their powerful supporter, Russia.
  • Austria-Hungary Declares War on Serbia

    Austria-Hungary was very angry about Serbia's involvment in the assassination of their leader. With Germany's support, Austria-Hungary knew that they had a chance at surviving if they went to war. Austria-Hungary decided to call it and they went to war with Serbia.
  • World War I Begins

    Everyone began building up their military and stocking up on weapons. People also started forming alliances, but most alliances were made in secret. This caused people to become very suspicious. Everyone was also very cautious as to who they trusted. Some European countries ruled over colonies and fought over who ruled over more colonies. They would also compete with each other over who could obtain more colonies. Many people were big supporters of the war. Some thought that war was unavoidable.
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    World War I

    In total forces, there were 65,038,810 men. 8,528,831 of these men were killed, 21,189,154 were wounded,and 7,750,919 became prisoners of war or went missing. So, the total number of casualties of World War I is 37,466,904. There were also many new countries that were created. I know of 18. There is Turkey, Latvia, Finland, Yugoslavia, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Cyprus, Danzig, Ireland, Iran, Albania, Hungary, Poland, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Lithuania, and Estonia.
  • Germany Declares War on Russia

    Russia began to mobilize troops for war. Germany caught wind of this and, to respect the alliance with Austria-Hungary, they mobilized their troops toward Russia. Russia was trying to declare war on Austria-Hungary first because Russia had an alliance to Serbia. Russia was making their way to Austria-Hungary, but Germany stepped in and declared war first.
  • Germany Declares War on France

    The Schlieffen Plan was a plan that Germany had to win the war in 2 months. They were going to attack and defeat France. After they defeat France, they were going to move onto Russia while Russian troops were still mobilized.
  • Britain Declares War on Germany

    Britain and Germany have never gotten along. Britain feared that Germany was slowly making its way to British bases. This fear caused Britain to declare war on Germany.
  • Germany Sends a Saboteur to America

    Germany sent a man named, Johann von Bernstorff to America. Johann was sent purely for the purpose of German sabotage on America. He was instructed to keep Americans and their leaders neutral in the war. Germans did this to have the advantage of warfare.
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

    Germany used U-boats to sink ships that didn't belong to allies. One of the ships, the Lusitania, had over 120 American passengers. President Woodrow Wilson tried to settle the matter peacefully, but Germans continued using the U-boats to sink enemy ships.
  • Italy Decares War on Germany

    Italy decided to declare war on Germany. In 1915, Italy signed a secret treaty, the Treaty of London. In this treaty, Italy was promised a large amount of territory in exchange for the close of the war with Austria-Hungary.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Germany sent an encrypted note to Mexico. The note basically tells Mexico that is the US attacks Germany first, then they must go to war with the US. The message was intercepted by Britain. It was then decoded and given to the US.
  • Germany Resumes Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

    Germany used U-boats to sink ships that didn't belong to allies. One of the ships, the Lusitania, had over 120 American passengers. President Woodrow Wilson tried to settle the matter peacefully, but Germans continued using unrestricted submarine warfare.
  • America Severs All Ties with Germany

    America severed all ties with Germany because they found out what the Germans were doing. From the Zimmermann Telegraph, the US found out about the fail-safe that Germany was trying to set up with Mexico just in case America declared war with Germany first.
  • Germany Plots Against America

    Germany had sent a man named Johann von Bernstorff into America to spy on them and sabotage them. He was sent to lead America into staying neutral. This gave Germany the element of surprise. Germany wanted America to suspect nothing and not engage in a war with them.
  • America Declares War on Germany

    America declared war against Germany in order to "make the world safe for democracy".
  • Germany Signs Armistice

    Germany signs the Armistice and the fighting stops.
  • World War I Ends

    Germany signs the Armistice and the fighting stops. World War I is officially over.
  • Treaty of Versailles is Signed

    The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty that ended the fighting between Germany and the Allied Powers.
  • Dawes Plan is Proposed

    The Dawes Plan was proposed by the Dawes Committee. The committee's chairman was an American man named Charles Dawes. The Dawes Plan was proposed to help the countries regain economical and financial stability.
  • Dawes Plan is Accepted

    The Dawes Plan was finally accepted. It was a very important plan and helped many countries regain stability after the major impact that the cost of warfare had on their bank accounts.
  • New Committee Revises Dawes Plan

    The Dawes Plan was revised and a few minor changes were made to help improve the plan.
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    The Great Depression

    One of the major causes of the Great Depression was Black Tuesday. In 1929, the stock market crashed and caused stock holders to lose over $40 billion. This day in history is called Black Tuesday. Black Tuesday was the biggest stock market crash in history. The stock market was able to get back some of what they lost. It just wasn't enough to keep them pulling. America then entered the Great Depression.
  • Young Plan Goes into Effect

    Minor changes made to the Dawes Plan helped create the Young Plan. This plan, again, helped settle reparation debts from the war.
  • Hitler's Rise to Power

    Hitler spoke to many, many Germans. He urged them to resist the persuasion of the Jews. Hitler fought the Jews as long as he possibly could. He was very irrational and dangerous when it came to the treatment of the Jews. He started the, now famous, Holocaust.