Unit 2 Civil Rights in America

  • Black Codes

    In the United States, the Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    were state and local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities
  • Thurgood Marshall

    Thurgood Marshall was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
  • Orville Faubus

    American politician who served as the Governor of Arkansas, serving from 1955 to 1967
  • Rosa Parks

    United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery
  • Hector P. Garcia

    was a Mexican-American physician, surgeon, World War II veteran, civil rights advocate, and founder of the American G.I. Forum.
  • Lester Madox

    was an American politician who was the 75th Governor of the U.S. state of Georgia from 1967 to 1971.
  • George Wallace

    American politician and the 45th Governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms as a Democrat.
  • Cesar Chavez

    American farm worker, labor leader and civil rights activist.
  • Martin Luther King Jr.

    An African-American clergyman and political leader of the twentieth century
  • Civil Disobedince

    the active, professed refusal to obey certain laws, demands, and commands of a government, or of an occupying international power.
  • Nonviolent Protest

    the practice of achieving goals through symbolic protests, civil disobedience, economic or political noncooperation, satyagraha, or other methods, without using violence.
  • Brown v. Ferguson

    The Court ruled that segregation in public schools is prohibited by the Constitution.
  • Desegregation

    is the process of ending the separation of two groups usually referring to races.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    a seminal event in the U.S. Civil Rights Movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system
  • Sit-ins

    The Greensboro sit-ins at a Woolworth's in Greensboro, North Carolina, on February 1, 1960, launched a wave of anti-segregation sit-ins across the South and opened a national awareness of the depth of segregation in the nation.
  • sharecropping/tenant farming

    Sharecropping is a system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on their portion of land.
  • lynching

    especially by hanging, for an alleged offense with or without a legal trial.