The Minneapolis riots also known as the Minneapolis general strike of 1934 that was held in the Market District. It was strikes that were between the teamsters and the trucking companies operating in Minneapolis. During these riots, the worst day was “Bloody Friday” where police were shooting down strikers in truck battles and killed 2 people and injured 67.
Brown v Board of Education
This court case was held by the supreme court which the justices ruled that all racial segregation for children in schools was unconstitutional. This court case along with Plessy vs Ferguson, help establish the precedent we know as “separate but equal. It was the one of the greatest wins during the civil rights movement.
White Citizens Council
This was a response to the court case Brown v Board. It is a group made of upper and middle class white citizens from the south. They used violence and intimidation to try and mess with the civil right goals. MLK was often a target by these groups after what happened in Montgomery. MLK and other civil activities were attacked during the Montgomery bus boycott.
Brown v Board of Education II
This court case was a part two of the first Brown v Board. After segregation to African Americans in schools was ruled as unconstitutional. White schools were still segregating students even after the ruling.
Assassination of Robert “Bobby” Kennedy
Emmett Till was a fourteen year old African american boy who was lynched for “harassing” a white woman in a grocery store in Mississippi.
Rosa Parks Arrested
After a law in Alabama was established that african americans were told to relinquish their seat for the whites. Rosa Parks was a african american woman who was riding the bus after coming from work and refused to give up her seat for a white. She was later arrested for not sitting on the back of the bus. She was the inspiration for the Montgomery bus boycott.
Montgomery bus boycott
The Montgomery boycott was a protest held by African Americans for the rulings on public bosses during the civil rights movement. African Americans refused to ride the buses in order to protest segregation on buses. This was labeled as one of the largest US demonstrations against segregation.
Martin Luther King House Bombing
Because of how successful MLKs Montgomery bus boycott was. Segregationists were not happy about that success and bombed MLKs home.
Bombing of Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth
Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth was a member and a pastor of the Bethel Baptist Church. He was also part of the civil rights momentet. While at home with his two family members. The Ku Klux Klan members went to the Reverends home and bombed his home in Alabama.
Eisenhower sends in Federal Troops
In order to protect the students, president Eisenhower ordered troops from the 101 st Airborne Division to Little Rocks. Governor Faubus closed the Little rock public high school in order to further the interrogation.
SCLC stands for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. It was created so that leaders from the civil rights and black ministers can come together and meet up in Atlanta Georgia to discuss new strategies for the civil rights movements and use the Montgomery bus boycott as an example.
This organization formed on April 7 of 1960 on the campus of Shaw's University. SNCC stands for Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, it was a group formed by students in order to ensure that African Americans and students of color get to have their full rights as citizens.
Greensboro sit ins
These were non violent protest done by students that were demonstrated as sit ins at public places. One of the most major sit ins was held in Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro North CA which was a segregated public place.
This was a protest group that took freedom rides around the american south. It was made up of white and African american civil rights activities whose goals were to protest against segregated bus terminals.
White mob attacks federal marshals in Montgomery
The federal government sent US marshals to restore order on the attacks. Whites mobs would come and attack civil rights activities and freedom riders during protests and would create riots throughout the south in Montgomery Alabama.
Albany Georgia “failure”, 1962
MLK considered all of his efforts on Albany Georgia as a “Failure” because of all the unsatisfactory of the change that has happened. In order to stop all forms of discrimination and segregation in Albany. The SNCC and the SCLC and MLK Lead most of all the protest and sit-ins. But after so many arrests and the slightest changing made by the government, it was considered as a failure
Bailey v Patterson
This was a court case for interstate and intrastate public transportation. This was to get rid of racial discrimination on public transportation for African Americans.
MLK goes to a Birmingham jail
MLK was sent to the Birmingham jail for participating in the civil rights movements. But whats special about this arrest is that MLK wrote a famous letter called The Negro is your Brother. This letter was about defending the strategies of the nonviolent resistance for racism. This letter moved so many people and is known as the letter is today
Equal Pay Act
This act was made so that anyone, men and women, have to be paid equally. Is it also not only about the pay price but also the job itself. There have to be the same job opportunities for both men and women.
Kennedy sends in Federal Troops
President JFK sent in national guard troops to the university of Alabama to force its desegregation. After the ruling of having no segregated schools, the president took a forceful advance to stop it.
Assassination of Medgar Evers
Medgar Evers was a civil right leader in the civil rights movement that was assassinated in Jackson Mississippi. He was killed in his home drive way and was shot by white supremacist Bryon De La Beckwith.
March on Washington “I have a Dream”
MLK was the face of this event that was heard throughout the entire world. The march was to advocate for the civil and economic rights of African Americans. This is where he gave his speech “I Have A Dream”.
Bombing of a church in Birmingham
On a Sunday morning in Baptist Church Birmingham Alabama a bomb had exploded within the church. It was a church run by African Americans and was a base and meeting place for civil right leaders.
Assassination of John F. Kennedy
On November 22 1963 in Parkland Memorial Hospital Dallas Texas. President John F. Kennedy was assassinated. JFK was planning to run for president and went on camping trips. He later came to Dallas where he was killed while leaving his campaign in Dallas
In order to register as many African Americans in the voting of Mississippi as possible. This event or the Mississippi summer project was a volunteer campaign.
XXIV (24th) Amendment 1964
On January 23, 1964, the United States ratified the 24th Amendment to the Constitution. This amendment discusses the voting rights of everyone in all voting events.
Killing of Goodman, Chaney, Schwerner
This event is known as the freedom summer murders. During the civil rights movement, Chaney, Schwerner, Goodman being civil right leaders were kidnapped in Neshoba County Mississippi and were killed.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
This act is part of the fourteenth amendment. It is civil rights and labor law that outlaws on discrimination (all forms) , segregation in public, and voting rights.
Assassination of Malcolm X
On February 21 1965 , African american nationalist and religious leader was assassinated in New York. Malcolm was discussing his organization of Afro-Americans unity at the Audubon ballroom in Washington heights and was killed by a rival black Muslim.
Selma to Montgomery
This is where the March to Montgomery started. This was one of the biggest civil rights events in the movement. MLK and many other activists that were black and white took this march to end segregation in public and get voting rights.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
This act was passed by the federal legislation that prohibits racial discrimination when it comes to voting rights.
Black Panthers Formed
The black panther party for self defense was created by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton. It is a revolutionary political organization to protect African Americans from harm during the civil rights movement.
Loving v Virginia 1967
This was a court case that was fighting for interracial marriage, but the supreme court shot this down because it goes against the equal protection and due process clauses of the fourteenth amendment.
This event is also known as the 12th street riots. It was considered as one of the bloodiest riots in the “Long, hot summer of 1967”. These riots were between Detroit police department and the black citizens of Detroit.
Assassination of MLK
In Memphis Tennessee MLK was standing on his balcony at the Lorraine Motel. He was there to support the strike on sanitation for labor workers and where there to help, but was unfortunately assassinated.
Assassination of Robert “Bobby” Kennedy
Presidential Candidate Robert F. Kennedy died at PIH Health Good Samaritan Hospital, Los Angeles, CA.. Robert not only a presidential candidate but also lawyer and politician.