The supreme court ruled that it is unconstitutional and unequal to have separate educational facilities for blacks and whites. This was a major victory for the civil rights movement. m
Brown v Board of education II
after the supreme court passed brown v board of education, which made racial segregation illegal, many all white school did not follow this. so in brown v education board II the supreme court enforced the law and made all white schools change.
White Citizens Council
The white Citizens Council was a political group thats main goal was to maintain segregation. it was formed after the brown v board of education decisions were made.
Lynching of Emmett Till
Emmett Till, a 14 year old boy is brutally murdered in Chicago for allegedly flirting with a white woman four days prior. The white woman's brother and husband brutally murdered Till and threw his body into a river.
Rosa Parks gets Arrested
Rosa parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger on a bus in Montgomery. Alabama. This event sparked the Montgomery bus boycott. it was also one of the most famous events during the civil rights movement.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
The Montgomery bus boycott was a political protest campaign against segregation on the public transport system in Montgomery. The protests were sparked after rosa parks refused to give up her seat to a white person on a bus.
MLK house bombing
MLK's house was bombed by angry segregationists in retaliation for the success of the Montgomery bus boycotts. This marked the first of many attacks on MLK.
The SCLC was founded in Atlanta Georgia, in 1957 after the events of the Montgomery bus boycott.The SCLC issued a document stating that civil rights are essential to democracy. It also called for every black person to say no to segregation and to not tolerate it anymore.
A civil rights group formed to give younger blacks more of a voice in the civil rights movement. the SNCC soon became one of the civil rights movements more radical branches.
Greensboro sit ins
The Greensboro sit ins took place at a segregated Woolworths lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina. Young African american students staged the sit in when they refused to leave after being denied service. The sit in movement spread to collage towns throughput the south.
Freedom riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern states to protest segregated bus terminals. they also tried to use white only restrooms and lunch counters at stations in Alabama, South Carolina and other southern states.
Bombing or rev Fred Shuttlesworth
Shuttlesworth was a civil rights activist who was organizing efforts in his city to desegregate buses when his home was bombed.
White mob attacks federal marshals in Montgomery
The federal government dispatched 400 marshals and other armed officers to Alabama to maintain order. During their visit they were attacked by a white mob who was angry with the civil rights movement.
Albany Georgia failure
An attempt at desegregating and voters rights the Albany failure is known as a failure because instead of reaching their goals, all of the activists were arrested.
Bailey v Patterson
Civil rights activists in Jackson Mississippi brought this civil rights action to the supreme court wanting them to enforce their constitutional rights to get rid of segregating transport, such as buses.
Assassination of MLK
On April 4th 1963 Martin Luther King jr was shot and killed by James Earl Ray. A fugitive from Missouri. He was the prominent leader of the civil rights movement.
MLK goes to jail in Birmingham
MLK was arrested for protesting the treatment of blacks. A judge ruled that MLK could not hold protests in Birmingham. after arrest their was a public outcry for him to be released and he was later.
Equal Pay Act
This act was put in place to stop unequal pay based on race, sex, religion etc... This was a big step towards equality for all. President JFK passed the law in hopes of taking a step in the right direction of equality.
Kennedy sends in federal troops
President Kennedy sent in federal troops to Birmingham and other major cities around the south to maintain order and stop any other violence from happening.
Assassination of Medgar Evers
In his driveway in jackson Mississippi, Medgar Evers was killed by Byron De La Beckwith, a white supremacist. Evers, who was involved in the Normandy invasion during WWII was buried with full military honor.
March on Washington
The march on Washington also known as the freedom march, was in Washington DC. the purpose of the march was to advocate for civil rights of african americans. MLK gave his famous "i have a dream" speech.
Bombing of church in Birmingham
Before Sunday service a bomb would explode at a black church in Montgomery. The church also served as a meeting place for civil rights leaders. four young girls were killed and many other injured.
On Friday November 22, 1963 the 35th president John F Kennedy was shot and killed by Lee Harvey Oswald, a former US marine. his wife was riding in the car with him.
The 24th Amendment gives the right of citizens of the united states to vote in any primary or other election for president or vice president , or for senator or congress. After this amendment was passed, five states still remained poll states, Alabama being one of them.
Freedom summer was a voter registration drive sponsored by civil rights organizations aimed at increasing black voter registration in Mississippi.
Civil rights act of 1964
This act ended segregation in public, which included bathrooms and water fountains. the act also banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or nation nap origin.
Killing Of Goodman,Chaney, Schwerner
the killing Goodman, Chaney and Schwerner also known as the freedom summer murders happened when the three civil rights activists were abducted and murdered in Neshoba county, Mississippi. It was discovered that the KKK was involved.
Assassination of Malcolm X
Three men, Talmadge Hayer, Norman Butler and Thomas Johnson were convicted of killing 39 year old Malcolm X. Prosecutors suggested at the trial that the slaying was plotted as an object lesson for Malcolms followers.
Selma to Montgomery march
Three protest marches along a 54 mile highway from Selma to the capital, Montgomery. Along the way they encountered deadly violence from local authorities.
Voting rights act of 1965
These laws, passed by president Lyndon B Johnson, was put in place to overcome legal barrier that prevented African americans from voting at all levels of government.
Black Panthers Formed
The Black Panthers was a political organization founded by Bobby scale and Huey Newton in Oakland CA. The back panthers were involved in many fire fights with police and riots.
Loving v Virginia
A landmark civil rights decision by the supreme court, which got rid of laws prohibiting interracial marriage. Mildred loving, a colored woman and Richard Loving, a white man brought the case to the supreme court.
Like many other states Minnesota experienced riots during times of civil unrest. the riots were started by African Americans who were sick of being treated they way they were.
With civil unrest, African Americans took to the street and rioted to show there frustration with the way they have been treated and to further escalate the civil rights movement. The Detroit riots is one of the most famous because of the chaos.
Eisenhower sends in federal troops
President Eisenhower sends in federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas to prevent anarchy and riots.
Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy was shot and killed shortly after midnight at the Ambassador hotel in LA. He had just won the California presidential primaries in the 68 election. He was shot by Sirhan Sirhan a Jordanian immigrant.