• Sharecropping/Tenant Farming

    Sharecropping/Tenant Farming
    Owners of plantations in the South had a challenge to find help working the lands the slaves used to farm. They took advantage of slaves who wanted to make their own farms.
  • Black Codes

    Black Codes
    These codes were passed after the civil war. The laws were made to restrict the black people's freedom and making them work with low wages.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    No slavery shall exist in any state.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    A person born in the US is a citizen. No state can take away life, liberty, and property.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    Citizens have the right to vote. No state can deny anyone the right to vote due to race or religion.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    Jim Crow in the 1830s has become an expression meaning a black person. When the south passed laws about racial segregation directed towards blacks and became known as the Jim Crow Laws.
  • Lynching

    When someone is killed without a trial as a form of punishment. People in the South mostly blamed the newly freed slaves for their financial troubles, lynchings then became popular for white men to let their anger out towards the black people.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    The US supreme court challenged segregation under "Separate but equal". It's origin was from 1894 when an african-american train passenger refused to sit in in a Jim Crow car.
  • CORE

    CORE: Congress Of Racial Equality
    Was founded in 1942. Began one of the earliest racial equality movements.
  • Desegregation

    Ending of political racial segregation. This was common in schools, restaurants, restrooms, and even water fountains.
  • Civil Disobedience

    Civil Disobedience
    This is when refusing to pay taxes and/or disobey laws as a form of non-violent protesting.
  • Brown v. Board of education

    Brown v. Board of education
    1896s Plessy vs Ferguson decision allowed "separate but equal" in schools. The Brown vs board of education helped break state-sponsored education and helped to start the civil rights movement.
  • Emmet Till

    Emmet Till
    Emmet Till was 14 years old when he was murdered by 2 white men for 'flirting' with a white woman. The boy was tortured to death and the white men were set free not guilty.
  • Rosa Park

    Rosa Park
    Rosa Park border the Cleveland Avenue bus, when the bus was full she refused to give up her seat for a white man. She launched efforts to end bus segregation.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    African Americans refused to ride city buses to protest against segregation in public transportation.
  • Martin Luther King Jr.

    Martin Luther King Jr.
    Martin was born in January 5, 1929. He became pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in 1954. King appeared wherever there was injustice to fight with non-violent resistance.
  • Orval Faubus

    Ordered gunmen to block the enrollment nine black students who were ordered by a federal judge to attend the school. President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered federal troops to Little Rock to make sure the judge's orders were obeyed.
  • SCLC

    SCLC: Southern Christian Leadership Conference
    Founded in 1957. The beginnings started by the Montgomery boycott.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    In 1954 the Supreme Court ruled that segregation was unconstitutional. On September 4th first day of school at Central High the governor of Arkansas blocked the student's entry to the school.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    Civil Rights Act of 1957
    President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a law into the civil rights act of 1957. It was signed to protect civil rights.
  • Non-violent protest

    Non-violent protest
    Protesting without violence or when struck at they do not strike back. More commonly used in peace rallies.
  • Sit-ins

    4 african american students went to a 'whites only' counter in a restaurant. When service was refused they sat at the counter patiently and quietly.
  • Affirmative Action

    Affirmative Action
    President John F. Kennedy required government contractors to take action and make sure employees are treated right.
  • Freedom Riders

    Freedom Riders
    13 African american students civil rights activist created the freedom riders. It was created so they went on bus trips to protest against segregation in bus terminals.
  • Cesar Chavez

    Cesar Chavez
    Founded the National Farm Workers Association. Using nonviolent protest Cesar Chaves brought attention to boycotts, hunger strikes, and marches.
  • Ole Miss Integration

    Ole Miss Integration
    On September 1962 students and locals who agreed with segregation started riots. The riots were about James Meredith, a black man wanting to integrate an all-white school
  • Betty Friedan

    She experimented with the idea of women outside of their traditional roles. She helped advance the women's rights movement.
  • March On Washington

    March On Washington
    More than 200,000 Americans gathered in Washington DC for a rally for jobs and freedom.
  • U of Alabama Integration

    U of Alabama Integration
    When African American students tried to enroll in an Alabama school the governor George Wallace blocked the school entrance. On June president John F. Kennedy forced Alabama to desegregate.
  • Stokely Carmichael

    Stokely Carmichael
    The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee made the summer of 1964 the "freedom summer". To register blacks in the deep South.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Ended public segregation. It also banned discrimination against race, color, religion, or sex. First proposed by president John F. Kennedy.
  • Lester Maddox

    He violated the newly signed federal civil rights act by refusing to serve 3 black Georgia students. Lester waved a pistol at them and some customers joined him.
  • Thurgood Marshall

    Thurgood Marshall was born in July 2, 1908. In 1954 he won the case of Brown vs Board of education where racial segregation ended in public schools. He then died in January 24, 1993.
  • Watts Riots

    Watts Riots
    In Los Angeles 2 policemen arrested a black man for suspected drunk driving. Witnesses saw how the policemen abused their power against blacks.
  • Black Panthers

    Black Panthers
    Their purpose was to patrol black neighborhoods to protect the people in them. It's original name was Black Panther Party for Self Defense.
  • Title IX (9)

    Title IX (9)
    No one can be denied the right to have an education. No mater the sex. Everyone will have the right to educational programs.
  • George Wallace

    Served 4 terms as Alabama governor. He is mostly remembered for supporting racial segregation.
  • Hector P. Garcia

    Hector P. Garcia
    In 1984 Hector was the first Mexican-American to receive an honor. There is now a memorial of Garcia on the Texas A&M campus.