Jackie Robinson Gets Signed to The Brooklyn Dodgers (US 1)
Robinson becomes the first African-American man to break the color barrier between both White and Black people during his first game on the baseball team known as the Brooklyn Dodgers.
Board of Education - Topeka,Kansas (WDC 1)
The Board of Education in Topeka, Kansas rules racial segregation in public schools unconstitutional.
The Start of Integration (WDC 2)
"The School Board votes unanimously to adopt Superintendent Virgil Blossom's plan of gradual integration that would start in September, 1957, at the high school level and add the lower grades over the next six years. Mr. Blossom is named "Man of the Year" by the Arkansas Democrat for his work on desegregation."
Rosa Parks (US 2)
Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat to a White woman and is then arrested for disobeying the law.
Appealing of NAACP (WDC 3)
Henry Lemley grants the delay of integration until January of 1961. He claimed it wasn't time for Black students to enjoy the right of integration to White schools.
The Era of MLK Jr. (US 3)
"Martin Luther King, Jr. and others set up the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a leading candidate of the Civil Rights Movement."
Civil Rights Act (US 4)
Senate gave congressional approval to pass a Civil Rights act after a filibuster which lasted close to twenty four hours broke out, leaving it to Sen. Strom Thurmond to dissolve the issue. (A Federal Voting Rights Bill)
Almost Integrated (WDC 4)
Spring 1957 - September 2, 1957: 517 Students that lived in the Central High District were eligible to attend. Only eighty of them expressed the want to attend, 17 are selected and eight of those 17 decided to stay at their current schools because of their fear of the future.
First Day of School (WDC 5)
Melba attends her not-so-successful first day of school. A mob of segregationists run Melba and her mother off the school property.
High Schools Shutting Down? (WDC 6)
Public High Schools in Little Rock close for the year and students are required to seek alternatives as well. (Due to voting).
Cooper v. Aaron (US 5)
"Cooper v. Aaron, is ruled on by the Supreme Court where the court states that the threat of mob violence is not a good enough reason to delay desegregation of the school."
A Delay in Plans (WDC 7)
The Little Rock School Board asks for permission to delay integration until both the students, the school, and the onlookers were ready for such a big change. (Many still disagreed with the idea of ending segregation in their schools, as expected.)
First Black Student to Graduate Central High (WDC 8)
Ernest Green, one of the Little Rock's nine, becomes the first Black person to graduate from Central High.
Continuing Integration (WDC 9)
Supreme Court decides Little Rock will continue its plans to integrate, the schools reopen.
Votes are In! (WDC 10)
'Voters overwhelmingly oppose integration by a vote of 7,561 for and 129,470 against."
Walking Out (WDC 11)
Segregationist members of the School Board attempt to fire 44 teachers and administrators suspected of integrationist sympathies.
STOP Wins the Election (WDC 12)
STOP wins the recall election by a narrow margin and the three segregationists are replaced by moderates on the School Board.
School Closings (WDC 14)
Federal court declared the state's school-closing law unconstitutional. The new school board announced it would reopen the high schools in the fall.
Declared Unconstitutional (WDC 13)
The Federal Court declared the school closings unconstitutional, the school board decides to reopen them in the fall.
Opened Up For Good? (WDC 15)
The board opens up the school a month early. Three black girls attend Central High which results in a not so peaceful protest. Officers then arrested many people.
Charged For Trespassing (Us 6)
Martin Luther King Jr. joined a group of protesters at a sit-in at a Whites only restaurant and is charged for trespassing on their property.
Vehicle v. Segregation (US 7)
By the Supreme Court in the case Boynton v. Virginia case, the court rules that segregation on vehicles that travel between states is unlawful and unconstitutional because it is in violation of the Interstate Commerce Act.
I Have a Dream (US 8)
Doctor Martin Luther King delivers his monumental "I have a dream" speech.
Civil Rights. (US 9)
Congress passes the landmark Civil Rights Act forbidding racial discrimination in areas including voting, employment and schools.
The Nobel Peace Prize (US 10)
MLK Is awarded the NPP.
Selma A. March (US 12)
Black people began a march to Montgomery in support of voting rights but they're soon stopped by a police blockade. Many marchers are hospitalized due to things such as tear gas, whips, and clubs.
Assassination (US 11)
Malcolm X, a human rights activists is assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem.
Stokely Carmichael (US 13)
Carmichael coined the phrase "black power" in one of his speeches in Seattle.
The Assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King (US 14)
MLK is assassinated on the balcony of his motel room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis Tennessee.
Finally Integrated (WDC 16)
All grades in Little Rock Public Schools are integrated.
California v Bakke (US 15)
Black people no longer needed special consideration to overcome their disadvantages.