Brown v Board of Education was a Supreme Court case that ruled public schools separating blacks and whites students was unconstitutional. The ruling was a huge jump forward for the civil rights movement.
Brown v Board of Education II
Brown v Board of Education II was a court case that made racial segregation in schools illegal. Many schools still did not follow the court ruling and still didn't allow black students in the school.
White Citizens Council
The White Citizens Council was a group founded to oppose the integration of black students into schools. They also opposed voter registration efforts and integration of public facilities.
Selma to Montgomery March
Selma to Montgomery March was a 54-mile march from Selma to the state capital of Montgomery which was very violent and deadly. The protestors finally reached their goal because they were under the protection of the national gaurd.
Lynching of Emmett Till
Emmet Till was a 14 year old African American boy visiting Mississippi from Chicago. He was murdered for allegedly flirting with a white woman.
Rosa Parks Arrested
Rosa parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat in the front of the bus when a white passenger asked her to move to the back. This event helped spark the civil rights movement.
Montgomery bus boycott
This was a civil rights protest were African Americans in Montgomery, Alabama refused to take the city bus. This boycott was between December 5, 1955, to December 20, 1956 and was the first us demonstration against segregation.
Martin Luther King House Bombing
On this day the home of Martin Luther king was bombed In Montgomery, Alabama. The home was bombed because of the success of the Montgomery bus boycott.
The group was founded by Reverend martin luther king jr. Was created for use of nonviolent direct action to end legal and social discrimination against African Americans. The group organized and sponsored many protest marches and demonstrations.
Eisenhower sends in Federal Troops
Mobs had prevented the enrollment of the Little Rock nine and the local authorities failed to keep things safe so Eisenhower was forced to send federal troops to help. This event was one of the most dramatic events in the civil rights movement.
This group was founded to give younger African Americans a voice in the civil rights movement. The group emerged from the first wave of student sit-ins.
Greensboro sit ins
A group of young African American students sat at Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, and refused to leave after being denied service. The sit in movement then spread to many college towns around the us.
Albany Georgia “failure”
The goal of the Albany Georgia “failure” was a desegregation and voter's rights coalition formed in Albany, Georgia. As a result of this more than 1000 African Americans were jailed.
Freedom Riders were a groups of white and African American civil rights activists who took busses around. They were protesting segregation at restrooms and lunch counters.
Bombing of Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth
Ku Klux Klan members bombed the Birmingham, Alabama, home of Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth nobody suffered major injuries, white supremacy groups attempted to murder him 4 more time over 7 more years. Shuttlesworth also organized and went to many protests and boycotts going after Jim Crow laws.
White mob attacks federal marshals in Montgomery
The Federal Government dispatched 400 marshals and other armed officers to restore order in areas that were broken apart by violent protests. Bus riots in Montgomery hurt 20 federal officers.
Bailey v Patterson
Was a Supreme Court case that decided it was unconstitutional for bus and train stations to be radically segregated. African Americans in Jackson, Mississippi brought this civil rights action to the attention of the court and to enforce their constitutional rights.
MLK goes to a Birmingham jail
Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested and sent to jail because he was protesting the treatment of blacks in Birmingham, Alabama. he wrote a letter to the newspaper explaining why he broke the law. "I am here because injustice is here," he wrote. "I would agree with Saint Augustine that 'an unjust law is no law at all.'"
Kennedy sends in Federal Troops
President Kennedy sent troops to help protect the lives of the citizens that live in Birmingham. Kennedy told the people the government will do whatever to keep order In Birmingham.
Equal Pay Act
The equal pay act was a labor law that prohibits discrimination of gender based pay in the US. The law makes it equal pay for equal work by getting rid of different wages to men and women.
Assassination of Medgar Evers
Medgar Evers joined the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. He was shot death by white supremacist Byron De La Beckwith in his driveway outside his home in Jackson, Mississippi.
March on Washington “I have a Dream”
massive protest march that occurred at Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. where some 250,000 people gathered. The protest was aimed to draw attention to conflicts and inequalities faced by African Americans.
Bombing of a church in Birmingham
Before Sunday morning services at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama a bomb exploded in the church. Four young girls were killed and many other people injured.
Assassination of John F. Kennedy
President kennedywas riding in a convertible waving at a crowd in downtown Dallas when he was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald. President Kennedy was pronounced dead 30 min later at a hospital in Dallas.
Freedom Summer was a 1964 voter registration drive sponsored by organizations including Congress on Racial Equality and Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee. The freedom summer was a act trying to increasing black voter registration in Mississippi.
XXIV (24th) Amendment
The 24th amendment prohibits both Congress and the states from making the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax. Past Confederate States of America adopted poll taxes in laws of the late 19th century.
Killing of Goodman, Chaney, Schwerner
All three of the victims were associated with the Council of Federated Organizations and its member organization the Congress of Racial Equality. The three protesters were abducted and murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The civil rights act of 1964 ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. This was
Assassination of Malcolm X
Malcolm X was assassinated by rival Black Muslims while addressing his Organization of Afro-American Unity at the Audubon Ballroom in Washington Heights. Many Americans viewed his killing as simply the result of an ongoing fight between him and the Nation of Islam.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Was to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote. This was one of the greatest achievements of the civil rights act.
Black Panthers Formed
The Black Panthers were a political organization that challenged police brutality against the African American community. The members dressed in black berets and black leather jackets, the group organized armed citizen patrols in us cities.
Loving v Virginia
Loving v Virginia was a Supreme Court case that struck down state laws banning interracial marriage in the United States. In the case Richard and Mildred Loving marriage was considered illegal according to Virginia state law.
A violent protest which included acts of arson, assaults, and vandalism broke out because of racial tensions. The protest lasted three nights, 150–250 National Guard troops were sent to Minneapolis to control the protest.
The Detroit riots were one of the most deadly and destructive protests in us history. The riots lasted 5 days, 43 people were killed and over 342 were injured and nearly 1,400 building were burned.
Assassination of MLK
Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in his motel room by James Earl Ray who was later found and arrested in London at Heathrow Airport. James pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 99 years in the Tennessee State Penitentiary.
Assassination of Robert “Bobby” Kennedy
On June 5, 1968 senator Robert Kennedy was in Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles was shot dead. 22-year-old Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan shot Kennedy several times, he died a day later.