civil rights movement

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    24th amendment

    The 24th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America abolished the poll tax for all federal elections.
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    15th Amendment

    There are two parts of the Amendment, Section One stated that ''The right of citizens...to vote shall not be denied or abridged...on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.'' Section Two granted the U.S. Congress the power to enforcement through legislation.
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    13th Amendment

    Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
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    14th Amendment

    The amendment addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the American Civil War.
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    A landmark constitutional law case of the US Supreme Court. It upheld state racial segregation laws for public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
  • Nation of Islam

    Organization composed chiefly of African Americans, advocating the teachings of Islam and originally favoring the separation of black and white racial groups in the United States
  • CORE

    Congress of Racial Equality
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    Malcolm Little arrested and prison time

    He was arrested for burglary, and while a was in prison he joined a the black muslims.
  • Jackie Robinson integrates Major League Baseball

    A major breakthrough of the color line in sports occurred when Jackie Robinson, a 28-year-old African-American ballplayer and war veteran, was brought up from the minor leagues to play for the Brooklyn Dodgers.
  • Executive Order 9981

    Abolished racial discrimination in the United States Armed Forces and eventually led to the end of segregation in the services.
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    brown vs. board of education

    United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
  • Ruby Bridges

    Ruby Nell Bridges Hall is an American activist known for being the first black child to desegregate the all-white William Frantz Elementary School in Louisiana during the New Orleans school desegregation crisis in 1960.
  • Murder of Emmitt Till

    A African-American teenager who was murdered in Mississippi in 1955 at the age of 14
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    montgomery Bus Boycott

    The Montgomery bus boycott, a seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
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    southern manifesto

    A document written in February and March 1956, in the United States Congress, in opposition to racial integration of public places.
  • SCLC

    Southern Christian Leadership Conference is an African American civil rights organization.
  • Little rock nine

    a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957

    The first federal civil rights legislation passed by the United States Congress since the Civil Rights Act of 1875.
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    Greensboro sit-in's

    The Greensboro sit-ins were a series of nonviolent protests in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1960, which led to the Woolworth department store chain removing its policy of racial segregation in the Southern United States.
  • SNCC is founded by Ella Baker

    The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
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    freedom rides

    Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961 and subsequent years in order to challenge the non-enforcement of the United States.
  • James Meredith and integration of Ole MIss

    James Meredith attempted to enroll at the University of Mississippi, chaos briefly broke out on the Ole Miss campus, with riots ending in two dead, hundreds wounded and many others arrested
  • letter from birmingham jail

    Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. wrote a letter from jail after being arrested for peacefully demonstrating against segregation and racial terror in Birmingham, Alabama.
  • "Bull" Conner and Birmingham, Alabama protests

  • Murder of Medgar Evers

    American civil rights activist from Mississippi who worked to overturn segregation at the University of Mississippi.
  • March on Washington for jobs and freedom

    The purpose of the march was to stand up for civil and economic rights for African Americans during a time when racism was more prevalent throughout society, at this march martin luthar king gave the "I have a dream"speech.
  • Bombing of 16th street Baptist Church

    The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism which occurred at a African-American church.
  • freedom summer

    A volunteer campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African-American voters as possible in Mississippi.
  • Murder of James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner

    Civil rights workers were abducted and murdered in an act of racial violence.
  • Civil Rights act of 1964

    US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
  • Malcolm X Assassinated

    Malcolm X was shot to death by Nation of Islam members while speaking at a rally of his organization in New York City.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote.
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    Watts Riots

    The Watts riots, sometimes referred to as the Watts Rebellion, took place in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles from August 11 to 16, 1965. On August 11, 1965, an African-American motorist was arrested for suspicion of drunk driving.
  • executive order 11246

    Established requirements for non-discriminatory practices in hiring and employment on the part of U.S. government contractors.
  • Black Panthers

    The Black Panther Party or the BPP was a revolutionary black nationalist and socialist organization founded by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton in October 1966.
  • loving v. virginia

    The case was brought by Mildred Loving, a black woman, and Richard Loving, a white man, who had been sentenced to a year in prison in Virginia for marrying each other
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    Newark and Detroit Race Riots

    The four days of rioting, looting, and destruction left 26 dead and hundreds injured.
  • Memphis Sanitation Workers Strike

    The strike began because of poor pay and dangerous working conditions, and provoked by the crushing to death of workers Echol Cole and Robert Walker in garbage compactors.
  • Kerner Commission

    An 11-member commission established by President Lyndon B. Johnson in Executive Order 11365 to investigate the causes of the 1967 race riots.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    Prohibited discrimination concerning the sale, rental and financing of housing based on race, religion, national origin and sex.
  • Tommie Smith and John Carlos black power Olympic salute

    During their medal ceremony at the 1968 Summer Olympics in the Olympic Stadium in Mexico City they turned on the podium to face their flags, and to hear the American national anthem. Each athlete raised a black-gloved fist, and kept them raised until the anthem had finished.
  • Bloody Sunday