U.S. History

Timeline created by Zenaidaverdin3
  • 1492

    Columbian Exchange Begins (1492)

    Columbian Exchange Begins (1492)
    The exchange of plants, animals, and diseases.
  • Period: 1492 to

    European Exploration Era

    European ships were traveled around the world for new trading routes.
  • 1493

    Christopher Columbus “Founds” New World

    Christopher Columbus “Founds” New World
    The explore who found new world while searching for a sea route.
  • 1500

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins
    The Encomienda System that was a labor system.
  • 1500

    Spanish Casta System Begins

    Spanish Casta System Begins
    A strict social hagiarchy structured on racial components.
  • Period: 1500 to

    Triangular Trade

    Triangular trade was a trade route that linked north America to Europe to African.
  • Period: 1500 to

    Middle Passage

    The middle passage was a series of routes which which slaves ships used to transport slaves from west Africa to the Americas.
  • 1520

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans
    A deadly European disease that stayed for a long time and was airborne and killed many.
  • 1521

    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortez Conquers the Aztec Empire

    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortez Conquers the Aztec Empire
    Spanish soldiers and explores who led military expeditions in Americas and captured the land for Spain.
  • 1534

    England Splits from the Catholic Church

    England Splits from the Catholic Church
    Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Henry established the Church of England in 1532.
  • London Company Gains Charter for Set Up English Colony

    London Company Gains Charter for Set Up English Colony
    part of Virginia the London company owned a large portion of Atlantic and inland Canada.
  • Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded

    Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded
    There was years of starvation and death the men spent their time selfishly looking for gold.
  • Period: to

    Colonial Era

    Constant conflicts between England and Spain made it hard for England to focus on their colonization efforts.
  • French found Quebec on the St. Lawrence River and Engage in the Fur Trade

    French found Quebec on the St. Lawrence River and Engage in the Fur Trade
    It's a system that connect all of the rivers.
  • Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe

    Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe
    The colony planned to make profit before tobacco from gold then from glass wear.
  • First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony

    First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony
    The first African slave to land in Jamestown colony these slaves were stolen from Portuguese.
  • Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded

    Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded
    First colonial settlement in New England
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth colony.
  • New Hampshire Founded

    New Hampshire Founded
    new Hampshire was one of the 13 colonies of the united states and was founded in 1623.
  • Dutch New Amsterdam Becomes Capital of New Netherland

    Dutch New Amsterdam Becomes Capital of New Netherland
    Dutch settlements that was started on the islands of Manhattan.
  • “City Upon a Hill” John Winthrop

    “City Upon a Hill” John Winthrop
    The sermon is famous largely for its use of the phrase "a city on a hill".
  • The Great Migration to Massachusetts Bay Colony

    The Great Migration to Massachusetts Bay Colony
    Usually refers to the migration in the period of English Puritan's to Massachusetts and the West Indians.
  • Maryland Founded

    Maryland Founded
    Catholics and protestants seeking religious freedom.
  • Thomas Hooker Founds Connecticut

    Thomas Hooker Founds Connecticut
    Thomas Hooker was a prominent puritan colonial leader who founded the Colony of Connecticut.
  • Pequot War

    Pequot War
    Conflict between an alliance of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth Colonies.
  • Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island

    Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island
    Roger Williams is best known for finding the state of Rhode Island.
  • Harvard College Founded in Massachusetts

    Harvard College Founded in Massachusetts
    Harvard University is a private research it was founded on September 8, 1636.
  • Delaware Founded

    Delaware Founded
    The Delaware colony was founded in the year 1638 it was part of the state Pennsylvania up until 1703.
  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

    Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
    The Fundamental orders were adopted by the Connecticut on January 14,1639.
  • Maryland Toleration Act

    Maryland Toleration Act
    A legal document that allowed all Christian religions in Maryland.
  • North Carolina Founded

    North Carolina Founded
    North Carolina was founded by English settlers looking to make money.
  • Iroquois Confederacy Formed

    Iroquois Confederacy Formed
    The Iroquois formed a confederacy because they thought uniting themselves would be a much better option.
  • Navigation Acts and Mercantilism

    Navigation Acts and Mercantilism
    The navigation Acts were a series of laws passed by the British parliament.
  • South Carolina Founded

    South Carolina Founded
    south Carolina was founded to make money.
  • New York Funded

    New York Funded
    The largest culture funding.
  • New Jersey Founded

    New Jersey Founded
    The colony was founded by Sir George and Lord Berkley.
  • King Phillips War

    King Phillips War
    A series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonist.
  • Bacon’s Rebellion

    Bacon’s Rebellion
    bacons rebellion burn down Jamestown to the ground and then bacon sudden illness and death ended the rebellion.
  • Pueblo Revolt

    Pueblo Revolt
    Pueblo Indians revolted against Spanish colonizers.
  • Quaker William Penn Founds Pennsylvania

    Quaker William Penn Founds Pennsylvania
    Quaker Williams Penn was the leader of religious freedom.
  • Period: to

    Enlightenment Era

    the most apparent cause of Enlightenment was the years of war
  • John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government Published

    John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government Published
    The first Treatise attacks patriarchalism.
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    Act passed by parliament over the monarchy.
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    The salmen trails were a series of hearings and prosecution of people accused of which craft.
  • Period: to

    Salutary Neglect Policy

    A policy in which Great Britain allowed each colony to govern itself.
  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening
    The great awakening was a religious revival that impacted the English colonies.
  • Georgia Founded as a Debtors Colony

    Georgia Founded as a Debtors Colony
    The document that formally established they colony of Georgia.
  • Stono Rebellion

    Stono Rebellion
    The stono Rebellion was located Charlestown, south Carolina.
  • French and Indian War Begins

    French and Indian War Begins
    The French and Indian war was the North American conflict in a larger imperial war between Great Britian.
  • French and Indian War Ends (1763)

    French and Indian War Ends (1763)
    French and Indian war seven years of war between Great Britain and France as their respective allies.
  • Proclamation Line of 1763

    Proclamation Line of 1763
    Proclamation line separated the British colonies on the Atlantic coast.
  • Period: to

    Revolutionary Era

    The revolutions first major battle.
  • Period: to

    Republican Motherhood [TIMESPAN 1763-1781]

    Republican Motherhood was a concept that women should serve as educators of young men.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    Also called the Plantation Act British legislation aimed at ending the smuggling trade.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    The act required colonist to purchase special stamped paper for illegal documents.
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    The quartering act was passed down i n 1765 and meant tat colonist has to feed British.
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    The British parliament act was passed down in 1767 but many saw it as an abuse of power.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    The Boston Massacre was a deadly riot that occurred on March 5,1770.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    the purpose of the Tea act was to help the east Indian company.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    They considered to be unfair taxation on American colonist.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    intolerable acts were punitive laws passed by the British parliament.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress to organize colonial resistance to parliament coercive acts.
  • Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Published

    Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Published
    Thomas Paine publishes "common sense"
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

    Battle of Lexington and Concord
    Battle of Lexington and Concord were the military engagements of the American Revolutionary War.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    Second Continental Congress was a convention of deflects.
  • Continental Army Lead by General George Washington

    Continental Army Lead by General George Washington
    Continental Army Lead by General George Washington he served as the first American president.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Declaration of Independence it's Americas birth certificate.
  • Benjamin Franklin Becomes French Ambassador

    Benjamin Franklin Becomes French Ambassador
    Benjamin Franklin Becomes French Ambassador France charged to gain support for American Independence.
  • Adam Smith Publishes “The Wealth of Nations”

    Adam Smith Publishes “The Wealth of Nations”
    Influent book on the market.
  • Winter at Valley Forge

    Winter at Valley Forge
    Winter at Valley Forge they spent a comfortable winter in Philadelphia.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    Battle of Saratoga included two crucial battles , fought eighteen days apart.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    Served as the first constitution.
  • Period: to

    Abolition Movement

    was thought to be a compromise between antislavery activists and slavery supporters.
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    Battle of Yorktown against British General Lord Charles.
  • Treaty of Paris of 1783

    Treaty of Paris of 1783
    Treaty of Paris of 1783 officially ended the American Revolutionary War.
  • Shays’ Rebellion

    Shays’ Rebellion
    series of attacks crisis .
  • The 3/5ths Compromise

    The 3/5ths Compromise
    The compromise was an agreement between Jefferson's statement regarding the injustice of the slave.
  • Federalist Papers

    Federalist Papers
    Referred to series of 85 essays.
  • Constitutional Convention/ Philadelphia Convention

    Constitutional Convention/ Philadelphia Convention
    It established three branches of government .
  • U.S. Constitution (1787)

    U.S. Constitution (1787)
    Established fundamental laws and basic rights for it's citizens.
  • The Great Compromise

    The Great Compromise
    Two national legislatures bicameral congress.
  • The 3/5ths Compromise

    The 3/5ths Compromise
    compromise agreements between deletes from the northern and southern states.
  • Bill of Rights Added to U.S. Constitution

    Bill of Rights Added to U.S. Constitution
    The first 10 amendment to the constitution make up the bill of rights
  • The French Revolution Begins

    The French Revolution Begins
    there was an attempt to secure gunpowder and weapons.
  • Washington Elected 1st President

    Washington Elected 1st President
    George Washington was elected 1 president
  • Washington Creates Presidential Cabinet

    Washington Creates Presidential Cabinet
    Washington held his first cabinet meeting.
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    Alien and Sedition Acts
    Alien and sedition act was a series of four laws passed.
  • Washington D.C. Becomes New US Capital

    Washington D.C. Becomes New US Capital
    Maryland and Virginia will be the nations permanent capita.
  • Alexander Hamilton Gets Congress to Approve National Bank

    Alexander Hamilton Gets Congress to Approve National Bank
    Alexander Hamilton proposed a national bank
  • Whiskey Rebellion (1791)

    Whiskey Rebellion (1791)
    Farmers from western Pennsylvania protested against the whiskey tax.
  • Washington’s Farewell Address

    Washington’s Farewell Address
    George addressed that American citizens to avoid political parties.
  • John Adams (Federalist) Elected 2nd President

    John Adams (Federalist) Elected 2nd President
    John Adams elected 2nd president.
  • XYZ Affair

    XYZ Affair
    A political and diplomatic episode.
  • Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

    Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
    The Virginia Kentucky resolutions were political statements drafted.
  • Election of 1800 and the Start of the Jeffersonian Era

    Election of 1800 and the Start of the Jeffersonian Era
    Fourth US presidential
  • Period: to

    Manifest Destiny

    Was a widely held cultural belief in the 19th-century United States that American settlers were destined to expand across North America.
  • Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) Elected 3rd President (1801)

    Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) Elected 3rd President (1801)
    Thomas Jefferson elected third president
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    Louisiana Purchase was a land deal
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    the U.S. Supreme Court first declared an act of Congress unconstitutional, thus establishing the doctrine of judicial
  • Congress Passes Preemption Acts

    Congress Passes Preemption Acts
    Congress passed a series of laws reforming U.S. policy on acquiring public lands.
  • Texas Revolution and Independence from Mexico

    Texas Revolution and Independence from Mexico
    Texas Revolution, also called War of Texas Independence, war fought from October 1835 to April 1836 between Mexico and Texas colonists.
  • Increased Irish and German Immigration to the North

    Increased Irish and German Immigration to the North
    From the 1820s to the 1840s, Germans and Irish were the two largest groups of immigrants to the United States
  • James K. Polk Elected US President (Democrat)

    James K. Polk Elected US President (Democrat)
    The 1844 United States presidential election was the 15th presidential election, held
  • Texas Annexation by the United States

    Texas Annexation by the United States
    The Annexation of Texas, the Mexican-American War, and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo,
  • Frederick Douglass Publishes Autobiography “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave” (1845)

    Frederick Douglass Publishes Autobiography “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave” (1845)
    Spread his story and assist the abolitionist cause.
  • Oregon Territory Divided Between British and U.S.

    Oregon Territory Divided Between British and U.S.
    Oregon boundary dispute between the U.S. and Britain was settled with the signing of the Oregon Treaty.
  • Mexican American War Begins

    Mexican American War Begins
    The Mexican-American War was a conflict between the United States and Mexico
  • Wilmot Proviso

    Wilmot Proviso
    The Wilmot Proviso was designed to eliminate slavery
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexican American War Ends

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexican American War Ends
    The war between the United States and Mexico.
  • Mexican Cession

    Mexican Cession
    United States that Mexico ceded to the U.S. in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
  • Free Soil Movement Begins

    Free Soil Movement Begins
    The Free Soil Party was a short-lived coalition political party in the United States
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    When gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade
  • Fugitive Slave Law Passed in Compromise of 1850

    Fugitive Slave Law Passed in Compromise of 1850
    The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was part of the Compromise of 1850.
  • Harriet Tubman Begins Using Underground Railroad

    Harriet Tubman Begins Using Underground Railroad
    First encountered the underground Railroad when she used it to escape slavery herself in 1849.
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe Publishes “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”

    Harriet Beecher Stowe Publishes “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”
    Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly is an anti-slavery.
  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gadsden Purchase
    Gadsden Purchase, or Treaty, was an agreement between the United States and Mexico.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act was an 1854 bill that mandated “popular sovereignty”
  • Bleeding Kansas Begins

    Bleeding Kansas Begins
    Used to describe the period of violence during the settling of the Kansas territory.
  • Republican Party Created

    Republican Party Created
    Commonly cited as the birth of the Republican Party
  • Caning of Senator Sumner

    Caning of Senator Sumner
    The Caning of Charles Sumner, or the Brooks–Sumner Affair
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Dred Scott v. Sandford
    A case in which the Court decided that slaves who were slaves
  • John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia

    John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia
    Assault by an armed band of abolitionists led by John Brown
  • Republican Abraham Lincoln Wins Presidential Election of 1860

    Republican Abraham Lincoln Wins Presidential Election of 1860
    The 1860 United States presidential election was the 19th quadrennial presidential election.
  • Seven Southern States Secede from the Union, Forming the Confederate States of America (1861)

    Seven Southern States Secede from the Union, Forming the Confederate States of America (1861)
    Representatives from Texas arriving later, to form the Confederate States of America.
  • Democrat Jefferson Davis Elected President of the Confederacy

    Democrat Jefferson Davis Elected President of the Confederacy
    Jefferson Davis is elected president of the Confederate States of America.
  • Battle of Fort Sumter

    Battle of Fort Sumter
    Civil War was officially upon both the North and the South.
  • Lincoln Suspends Habeas Corpus

    Lincoln Suspends Habeas Corpus
    Washington, D.C., and Philadelphia to give military authorities the necessary power to silence
  • Period: to

    The Civil War

    The Confederate States of America is formed with Jefferson Davis, a West Point graduate and former U.S. Army officer, as president.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Emancipation Proclamation in the midst of the Civil War.
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    accelerated the settlement of the western territory by granting adult heads of families.
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Battle of Vicksburg
    Mississippi River to the Union forces, who would hold it for the rest of the conflict.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Considered the most important engagement of the American Civil War.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    President Abraham Lincoln delivered remarks, which later became known as the Gettysburg Address.
  • Gen. Lee Surrenders to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House

    Gen. Lee Surrenders to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House
    General Robert E. Lee's surrender of his Army of Northern Virginia to Union General Ulysses S. Grant.
  • President Abraham Lincoln Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth

    President Abraham Lincoln Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
    President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. The attack came only five days after Confederate General Robert E. Lee
  • President Andrew Johnson Becomes President

    President Andrew Johnson Becomes President
    The presidency of Andrew Johnson began on April 15, 1865, when Andrew Johnson became President of the United States.
  • Johnson Pardons the South

    Johnson Pardons the South
    Many southern leaders fled the United States, going to Mexico, Johnson's proclamation.
  • Radical Republicans Champion for Black Civil Rights in Congress

    Radical Republicans Champion for Black Civil Rights in Congress
    To the issue of civil and political rights, the Radical.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The Thirteenth Amendment passed by the Senate.
  • Freedmen's Bureau Created

    Freedmen's Bureau Created
    Freedmen's Bureau, formally known as the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, was established.
  • Sharecropping Begins in the South

    Sharecropping Begins in the South
    Sharecropping had come to dominate agriculture across the cotton-planting South.
  • Black Codes First Passed in the South

    Black Codes First Passed in the South
    Black codes were restrictive laws designed to limit the freedom of African Americans and ensure their availability as a cheap labor force.
  • Ku Klux Klan Formed

    Ku Klux Klan Formed
    Founded in 1865, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) extended into almost every southern state.
  • “Scalawags and Carpetbaggers”

    “Scalawags and Carpetbaggers”
    Northerners who moved to the South after the Civil War, during Reconstruction.
  • Period: to

    : Reconstruction Era (1865- 1877)

    The Reconstruction era was the period after the American Civil War.
  • Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson

    Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson
    During the years immediately following the Civil War, President Andrew Johnson.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal civil and legal rights to African Americans and slaves.
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    Transcontinental Railroad Completed
    the presidents of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads meet in Promontory.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    The right of citizens of the United States to vote.
  • Hiram Rhode Revels Becomes First African American in Congress (Senate) (1870)

    Hiram Rhode Revels Becomes First African American in Congress (Senate) (1870)
    Democrats voting against, became the first African American to be seated in the United States Senate.
  • Industrialization Begins to Boom

    Industrialization Begins to Boom
    expansion of rail and telegraph lines after 1870 allowed unprecedented movement of people and ideas.
  • Social Darwinism Theory Gains Popularity

    Social Darwinism Theory Gains Popularity
    “survival of the fittest”—the idea that certain people become powerful in society because they are innately better.
  • Nativism Spreads

    Nativism Spreads
    Political policy of promoting the interests of native inhabitants against those of The Ku Klux Klan spread.
  • Standard Oil Company Founded by John D. Rockefeller

    Standard Oil Company Founded by John D. Rockefeller
    Standard Oil Company and Trust) was an American company and corporate trust that from 1870
  • The “New South” wants Industrialization

  • Jim Crow Laws Begin in South

  • Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall

    Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall
    An American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine.
  • Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell

    Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell
    Thomas A. Watson talked by telephone to each other over a two-mile wire stretched between Cambridge and Boston.
  • Reconstruction Ends

    Reconstruction Ends
    the commission's members included seven Democrats, seven Republicans.
  • Period: to

    Gilded Age

    American Civil War, overlaps the Reconstruction Era.
  • Light Bulb Invented by Thomas Edison

    Light Bulb Invented by Thomas Edison
    Thomas Edison was not the inventor of the electric light bulb.
  • 3rd Wave of Immigration: “New Immigrants”

    3rd Wave of Immigration: “New Immigrants”
    That period was followed by the third wave, which lasted about forty years.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    shall be permitted to enter the United States by land without producing to the proper officer of customs.
  • Pendleton Act

  • Haymarket Massacre

  • Dawes Act (1887)

    Dawes Act (1887)
    authorized the federal government to break up tribal lands by partitioning them into individual plots.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

  • Andrew Carnegie’s Book “Gospel of Wealth”

    Andrew Carnegie’s Book “Gospel of Wealth”
    An article written by Andrew Carnegie in June of 1889 that describes the responsibility of philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

  • Carnegie Steel Company Founded by Andrew Carnegie

  • Homestead Steel Labor Strike

  • Pullman Labor Strike

  • Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court Case

  • Virginia House of Burgesses

    Virginia House of Burgesses
    The first legislative assembly of element representatives in North America.
  • First Two-Party System Created (Dem-Rep vs Federalist)

    First Two-Party System Created (Dem-Rep vs Federalist)
    Two national parties competing for control of presidency , congress and the states.