U.S. History

Timeline created by julieescuadra1
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus “Founds” New World

    Christopher Columbus “Founds” New World
    In 1492, Christopher Columbus lands in the Americas/New World while on his mission to find another trading route from Europe to Asia.
  • 1492

    Columbian Exchange Begins

    Columbian Exchange Begins
    Foods, culture, diseases, animals, etc. were exchanged during the Columbian Exchange between Africa, and the New and Old World after Christopher Columbus "Found" the New World.
  • Period: 1492 to

    European Exploration Era

  • 1500

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins
    The Spanish Encomienda System began and consisted of the forced labor of Native Americans.
  • 1500

    Spanish Casta System Begins

    Spanish Casta System Begins
    The Spanish Casta System was a system with the creation of mixed races and new social hierarchies by the Spanish against Africans and natives.
  • Period: 1500 to

    Triangular Trade

  • Period: 1500 to

    Middle Passage

  • 1520

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans
    Diseases like small pox where spread from Europe and many Native Americans died because of it.
  • 1521

    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortez Conquers the Aztec Empire

  • 1534

    England Splits from the Catholic Church

  • London Company Gains Charter for Set Up English Colony

  • Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded

    Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded
    Jamestown, Virginia was founded and was the first permanent British colony in the Americas.
  • Period: to

    Colonial Era

  • French found Quebec on the St. Lawrence River and Engage in the Fur Trade

  • Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe

    Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe
    Tobacco was introduced to Virginia 1611 and would become one of its biggest cash crops for which they and the Southern colonies profited from.
  • First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony

    First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony
    African slaves were brought as indentured servants were being used less to work in Virginia plantations.
  • Virginia House of Burgesses

    Virginia House of Burgesses
    The Virginia House of Burgesses was formed in 1619 and was the first elected group in the colonies with representatives.
  • Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded

    Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded
    Plymouth, Massachusetts was founded by Puritans who were in search of religious freedom from England.
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    The Mayflower was a document signed by the settlers of Plymouth that established the idea of self-governance in their colony.
  • New Hampshire Founded

    New Hampshire Founded
    New Hampshire was founded as part of the 13 American colonies and the land was given to John Mason.
  • Dutch New Amsterdam Becomes Capital of New Netherland

  • “City Upon a Hill” John Winthrop

    “City Upon a Hill” John Winthrop
    "City Upon a Hill' referred to the Puritans belief that their colony is the one that should set the examples and the one the other colonies look up to.
  • The Great Migration to Massachusetts Bay Colony

  • Maryland Founded

  • Thomas Hooker Founds Connecticut

  • Pequot War

  • Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island

    Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island
    After being banished from the Massachusetts colony, Roger Williams founded Rhode Island with the idea of religious liberty.
  • Harvard College Founded in Massachusetts

    Harvard College Founded in Massachusetts
    Harvard was founded in 1636 in Massachusetts and remains as the oldest university in the United States.
  • Delaware Founded

  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

  • Maryland Toleration Act

  • Iroquois Confederacy Formed

  • Navigation Acts and Mercantilism

    Navigation Acts and Mercantilism
    The Navigation Acts and Mercantilism centered around the policy of Great Britain that restricted shipping and trading of the American colonies for the mother countries benefit.
  • South Carolina Founded

  • New York Funded

  • New Jersey Founded

  • King Phillips War

    King Phillips War
    King Philips War was an armed conflict between colonists and American Indians to drive the colonists out of the land (New England).
  • Bacon’s Rebellion

    Bacon’s Rebellion
    In 1676, a group led by Nathaniel Bacon challenged the Virginia governor.
  • Pueblo Revolt

    Pueblo Revolt
    The Pueblo Revolt was an uprising where indigenous people drove the Spanish colonizers out of what is now New Mexico.
  • Quaker William Penn Founds Pennsylvania

    Quaker William Penn Founds Pennsylvania
    Quaker William Penn founded Pennsylvania as a religious freedom community and part of "The Holy Experiment".
  • Period: to

    Enlightenment Era

  • John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government Published

  • English Bill of Rights

  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    The Salem Witch Trials consisted of prosecutions for those accused of witchcraft by Puritans in Massachusetts.
  • Period: to

    Salutary Neglect Policy

    The Salutary Neglect Policy consisted of the lax attention of Great Britain towards trading in the American Colonies
  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening
    The Great Awakening was a religious movement or revival that influenced the ideas of identity and authority in the colonies.
  • Georgia Founded as a Debtors Colony

  • Stono Rebellion

  • French and Indian War Begins

    French and Indian War Begins
    The French and Indian War began in 1754 due to both France and England wanting the land in the Ohio River Valley.
  • Period: to

    The Industrial Revolution

  • French and Indian War Ends

    French and Indian War Ends
    The French and Indian war comes to an end as Britain is victorious and the Treaty of Paris of 1763 is signed.
  • Proclamation Line of 1763

    Proclamation Line of 1763
    The Proclamation Line of 1763 was an act passed from Great Britain as a result of the Seven Years' War that prohibited colonists settling west of the Appalachian Mountains to avoid further conflict with Native Americans.
  • Period: to

    Revolutionary Era

  • Period: to

    Republican Motherhood

  • Sugar Act

  • Stamp Act

  • Quartering Act

  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    The Townshend Acts were passed by the British Parliament to tax goods imported to the American colonies and were met with colonial resistance and the idea of "no taxation without representation".
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    During the Boston Massacre, British soldiers shot into the crowd and killed American colonists when they were surrounded by the mob and the riot began.
  • Tea Act

  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    The Boston Tea Party was a protest against the taxes on tea by the British Parliament without colonial representation. American colonists dumped tea into the harbor.
  • Intolerable Acts

  • First Continental Congress

  • Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Published

    Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Published
    Thomas Paine's Common Sense was influential to many colonists since in the pamphlet he emphasized and argued for American Independence from Great Britain.
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

    Battle of Lexington and Concord
    The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first battles fought of the American Revolution.
  • Second Continental Congress

  • Continental Army Lead by General George Washington

  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence emphasized the ideals of the American colonies and their separation from Great Britain.
  • Benjamin Franklin Becomes French Ambassador

  • Adam Smith Publishes “The Wealth of Nations”

  • Winter at Valley Forge

    Winter at Valley Forge
    George Washington and his Continental army spent a winter in Valley Forge where they experienced harsh weather conditions and near starvation during the Revolutionary War.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    The Battle of Saratoga was a turning point in the American Revolution and the French were allies with the American Colonists.
  • Articles of Confederation

  • Period: to

    Abolition Movement

  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    The Battle of Yorktown was the last major battle for the American Revolution and the British General surrendered to Washington after being cornered.
  • Treaty of Paris of 1783

    Treaty of Paris of 1783
    The Treaty of Paris of 1783 ended the Revolutionary War and America won its independence while Britain gave up land in North America.
  • Shays’ Rebellion

  • Federalist Papers

  • Constitutional Convention/ Philadelphia Convention

  • U.S. Constitution

  • The Great Compromise

  • The 3/5ths Compromise

  • Bill of Rights Added to U.S. Constitution

  • The French Revolution Begins

  • Washington Elected 1st President

    Washington Elected 1st President
    George Washington was elected the first president of the United States in 1789 after receiving all electoral votes.
  • Washington Creates Presidential Cabinet

    Washington Creates Presidential Cabinet
    George Washington's presidential cabinet consisted of Alexander Hamilton, Henry Knox, Thomas Jefferson, and Edmund Randolph
  • Washington D.C. Becomes New US Capital

    Washington D.C. Becomes New US Capital
    Washington D.C. became the new capital of the United States on July 16, 1790
  • Period: to

    The Second Great Awakening

  • Alexander Hamilton Gets Congress to Approve National Bank

  • Whiskey Rebellion

  • Cotton Gin and Interchangeable Parts Invented by Eli Whitney

  • Washington’s Farewell Address

    Washington’s Farewell Address
    In George Washington's Farewell Address he suggested to Americans to maintain united, to stay out of foreign affairs, and avoid political parties.
  • First Two-Party System Created (Dem-Rep vs Federalist)

  • John Adams (Federalist) Elected 2nd President

    John Adams (Federalist) Elected 2nd President
    John Adams was elected the 2nd president of the United States in 1797 against Thomas Jefferson after being vice president for George Washington.
  • XYZ Affair

  • Alien and Sedition Acts

  • Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

  • Election of 1800 and the Start of the Jeffersonian Era

  • The Market Revolution Begins

    The Market Revolution Begins
    The Market Revolution led to improvements in technological advancements like the cotton gin and centered around the increase of factories and manual labor.
  • Cult of Domesticity Begins

    Cult of Domesticity Begins
    The Cult of Domesticity was the idea that women should stay at home and do domestic work rather than work outside the home.
  • Period: to

    Manifest Destiny

  • Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) Elected 3rd President

  • Steam Locomotive Invented in Great Britain

    Steam Locomotive Invented in Great Britain
    The Steam Locomotive was invented by George Stephenson and Richard Trevithick in the United Kingdom which was a turning point for transportation.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    The Louisiana Purchase was the gaining of land from France to the United States that nearly doubled the size of the country.
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    The case of Marbury v. Madison was very important since established judicial review which means that a Supreme Court can decide if a law is constitutional or not.
  • James Madison (Democratic Republican) Elected 4th President

    James Madison (Democratic Republican) Elected 4th President
    James Madison, a Democratic-Republican was elected on 1808 as the 4th president and won against candidate Charles Pinckney.
  • British Impressment of US Sailors

    British Impressment of US Sailors
    British Impressment in 1812 was when the British Navy would capture American sailors and force them to work in their Navy which would lead to the War of 1812.
  • War Hawks in Congress Support War Against British

  • War of 1812 Begins

    War of 1812 Begins
    One of the reasons for the War of 1812 was the impressment of American sailors and merchant ships for from the British.
  • Francis Scott Key Writes the Star Spangled Banner

    Francis Scott Key Writes the Star Spangled Banner
    Francis Scott Key wrote the star-spangled banner which is now the national anthem originally as a poem in the War of 1812.
  • Treaty of Ghent

    Treaty of Ghent
    The Treaty of Ghent was a treaty that ended the War of 1812 between Great Britain and the United States in 1814.
  • Federalist Party Collapses

    Federalist Party Collapses
    The last presidential candidate for the federalist party was Rufus King who lost against Andrew Jackson.
  • Period: to

    Era of Good Feelings

  • Tariff of 1816

    Tariff of 1816
    The tariff of 1816 was a protective tariff, or tax on imported goods established by the United States in order to protect manufacturing from outside/foreign competition.
  • James Monroe (Democratic Republican) Elected 5th President

    James Monroe (Democratic Republican) Elected 5th President
    James Monroe who was a Democratic Republican was elected the 5th president of the United States in 1817 against Federalist Rufus King.
  • Adam-Onis Treaty/ Spain Ceded Florida to U.S.

  • Compromise of 1820

    Compromise of 1820
    The Missouri Compromise was a compromise that admitted Maine as a free state, Missouri as a slave state and declared the land above the imaginary line, not open for slavery.
  • Universal Male Suffrage Begins to Rise

    Universal Male Suffrage Begins to Rise
    Universal White Male Suffrage began to rise and poor white males were included as opposed to how it only used to be the rich and educated.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    The Monroe Doctrine was a doctrine under James Monroe's presidency that warned other nations to not further colonize and that the United States would stay out of foreign affairs.
  • Henry Clay’s “American System

  • Erie Canal Built

  • John Quincy Adams (Democratic Republican) Elected 6th President

    John Quincy Adams (Democratic Republican) Elected 6th President
    in 1825, John Quincy Adams, a Democratic- Republican was elected 6th president after winning more electoral votes against Andrew Jackson.
  • Lowell, Massachusetts Textile Mill Employs Women

    Lowell, Massachusetts Textile Mill Employs Women
    Women start to work on textile mills, mills that made cloth, but in poor work conditions and that payed them very little.
  • Andrew Jackson (Democrat) Elected 7th President

    Andrew Jackson (Democrat) Elected 7th President
  • Second Two-Party System Created (Democrats vs Whigs)

    Second Two-Party System Created (Democrats vs Whigs)
    The Two Party System with the Democrats and Whigs was created. Whigs were for national bank and protective tariffs, while Democrats wanted limited government and free trade.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The Indian Removal Act was an act signed by President Andrew Jackson that relocated and resettled Native Americans west of the Mississippi River to take their land.
  • Abolition Movement Begins

    Abolition Movement Begins
  • Congress Passes Preemption Acts

  • Trail of Tears Begins

    Trail of Tears Begins
    The Trail of Tear was a relocation of around 60,000 Native Americans forced by the U.S.. an effect of the Indian Removal Act.
  • William Lloyd Garrison Publishes Abolitionist Newspaper “The Liberator”

  • Andrew Jackson Vetos National Bank

  • Nullification Crisis

    Nullification Crisis
    The Nullification Crisis was when South Carolina refused/nullified a federal tariff. South Carolina wanted to secede but Andrew Jackson forced South Carolina to pay the tariff by sending an army.
  • Texas Revolution and Independence from Mexico

    Texas Revolution and Independence from Mexico
    The Texas Revolution ended as U.S. colonists and Texan Mexicans fought against the government of Mexico mainly due to the total power the government tried exercising.
  • Horace Mann Advocates for Public Schools

  • Increased Irish and German Immigration to the North

    Increased Irish and German Immigration to the North
    In 1840, more than 7 and a half immigrants moved to the United States mainly due to faminesand political turmoil in their areas.
  • Federal Support Given to Samuel Morse to Construct Telegraph Lines

  • Dorothea Dix Advocates for Mentally Ill and Prison Reform

    Dorothea Dix Advocates for Mentally Ill and Prison Reform
    Dorothea Dix advocated for prison reform and better treatment for the mentally ill who were under terrible conditions in 1843.
  • James K. Polk Elected US President (Democrat)

  • Irish Potato Famine Begins

    Irish Potato Famine Begins
    A potato famine in Ireland caused many to starve since they were dependent on the potato and, as a result many migrated to the United States.
  • Frederick Douglass writes autobiography “Narrative of the Life of an American Slave”

  • Texas Annexation by the United States

    Texas Annexation by the United States
    In 1845, Texas was annexed, or proclaimed by the United States and became its 28th state.
  • Frederick Douglass Publishes Autobiography “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave”

  • Oregon Territory Divided Between British and U.S.

  • Wilmot Proviso

  • Seneca Falls Convention

    Seneca Falls Convention
    The Seneca Falls Convention was a convention held to discuss women's rights in society.
  • Mexican American War Begins

    Mexican American War Begins
    Signed in 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the War between Mexico and United States, as Mexico gave land to the United States (the Mexican Cession).
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexican American War Ends

  • Mexican Cession

  • Free Soil Movement Begins

    Free Soil Movement Begins
    Those in the Free Soil Movement opposed the expansion of slavery into the western territories of the United States.
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    The California Gold Rush consisted of the discovery of gold in Sacramento where a large amount of people traveled throughout the country and world to get ahold of the gold.
  • Compromise of 1850

  • Fugitive Slave Law Passed in Compromise of 1850

  • Harriet Tubman Begins Using Underground Railroad

    Harriet Tubman Begins Using Underground Railroad
    Harriet Tubman, an abolitionist used the Underground Railroad, a network aimed to help fugitive slaves get to safety, and typically travel to the North.
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe Publishes “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”

    Harriet Beecher Stowe Publishes “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”
    Harriet Stowe, who was against slavery, published "Uncle Tom's Cabin", a novel that went on the change the perspectives about slavery and African Americans and some believe, led to the Civil War.
  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gadsden Purchase
    The Gadsden Purchase was a purchase where the United States bought land from Mexico for 10 million dollars to construct a transcontinental railroad.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    In 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed which declared that the territories of Kansas and Nebraska would be able to decide if slavery would be allowed in their states through voting (popular sovereignty).
  • Bleeding Kansas Begins

    Bleeding Kansas Begins
    As a result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, people with opposing views swarmed the states to try and sway the vote on slavery which resulted in violent revolts.
  • Republican Party Created

    Republican Party Created
    The Republican Party was created, mainly by people who had previously been in the Whig party, to stop the spread of slavery into the western areas of the United States.
  • Caning of Senator Sumner

    Caning of Senator Sumner
    A clash between Senator Charles Sumner (against slavery) and Representative Preston Brooks (for slavery) where Brooks beat Sumner with a cane in the Senate Chamber.
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

  • John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia

  • Republican Abraham Lincoln Wins Presidential Election of 1860

  • Seven Southern States Secede from the Union, Forming the Confederate States of America

    Seven Southern States Secede from the Union, Forming the Confederate States of America
    In 1861, South Carolina, Mississippi, Texas, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Florida seceded, or left from the Union and formed the Confederacy, mainly due to them wanting to keep slavery and being threatened by the election of president Lincoln.
  • Democrat Jefferson Davis Elected President of the Confederacy

  • Battle of Fort Sumter

    Battle of Fort Sumter
    The Battle of Fort Sumter 1861 started the Civil War where South Carolina militia bombarded the United States Army. The Confederacy captured the fort and won the battle.
  • Lincoln Suspends Habeas Corpus

  • Period: to

    The Civil War

  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Passed by president Lincoln in the middle of the Civil War, the Emancipation Proclamation declared that all slaves of the rebellious (Confederate) states would be free.
  • Homestead Act

  • Battle of Vicksburg

  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the Civil War resulted in a better morale for the Union army and the general of the Confederate Army, Robert E. Lee, stopped trying/failed to invade the North.
  • Gettysburg Address

  • Gen. Lee Surrenders to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House

    Gen. Lee Surrenders to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House
    In 1865, the Confederate General Lee surrendered his troops to the Union and thus ended the Civil War.
  • President Abraham Lincoln Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth

    President Abraham Lincoln Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
    In 1865, while watching a play, Abraham Lincoln was shot in the back of the head by actor John Wilkes Booth and died the day after.
  • President Andrew Johnson Becomes President

  • Johnson Pardons the South

  • Radical Republicans Champion for Black Civil Rights in Congress

  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    In 1865, the 13th amendment to the Constitution was passed and it abolished slavery in the United States.
  • Freedmens Bureau Created

    Freedmens Bureau Created
    In 1865, the Freedmen's Bureau was created as an agency to provide relief like shelter, food, clothing, etc. especially towards former slaves. Most of the South opposed the Freedmen's Bureau.
  • Sharecropping Begins in the South

  • Black Codes First Passed in the South

  • Ku Klux Klan Formed

    Ku Klux Klan Formed
    The Ku Klux Klan was formed in 1865 as a racist group of former Confederates that believed in white supremacy.
  • “Scalawags and Carpetbaggers”

  • Period: to

    Reconstruction Era

  • Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson

  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    in 1868, the 14th amendment to the Constitution was passed and it gave citizenship to everyone, which was especially important since it granted citizenship to African Americans.
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    Transcontinental Railroad Completed
    The Transcontinental Railroad was finished on 1869, it connected the United States and made for easier and faster travel of people and goods to the west of the country. The Transcontinental Railroad played a big part in westward expansion.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    In 1870, the 15th amendment was passed which granted African Americans the right to vote. This amendment, however was met with a lot of opposition and later voter oppression against African Americans.
  • Hiram Rhode Revels Becomes First African American in Congress (Senate)

    Hiram Rhode Revels Becomes First African American in Congress (Senate)
    In 1870, Hiram Rhode Revels became the first African American in office in the U.S. congress as a Republican Senator.
  • Industrialization Begins to Boom

  • Social Darwinism Theory Gains Popularity

    Social Darwinism Theory Gains Popularity
    Originating from Charles Darwin's theory of evolution and "survival of the fittest" social Darwinism gained popularity in the U.S. as they sought to incorporate African Americans and Native Americans into white American society by getting rid of their own cultures/traditions.
  • Nativism Spreads

  • Standard Oil Company Founded by John D. Rockefeller

    Standard Oil Company Founded by John D. Rockefeller
    John D Rockefeller established Standard Oil which became a monopoly by eliminating competition and came to control 90 percent of the refineries and pipelines in the U.S.
  • The “New South” wants Industrialization

  • Jim Crow Laws Begin in South

    Jim Crow Laws Begin in South
    The Jim Crow Laws were laws that allowed for racial segregation in the South after the Civil War. These laws usually targeted African Americans and separated public places from white people.
  • Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall

    Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall
    Boss Tweed's influence, a political boss of Tammany Hall, the main political machine of the Democrats in New York City, grew as they helped immigrants in exchange for their votes.
  • Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell

  • Reconstruction Ends

    Reconstruction Ends
    The Reconstruction Era in the United States came to an end marked by the period after the American Civil War where the previous Confederate states were rejoining the Union and some rights to African Americans were granted.
  • Period: to

    Gilded Age

  • Light Bulb Invented by Thomas Edison

  • 3rd Wave of Immigration: “New Immigrants”

  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    A law passed in the United States in 1882, where it prohibited all immigration from Chinese laborers INTO the United States.
  • Pendleton Act

    Pendleton Act
    The Pendleton Act ended the spoils system and made it so government offices would be picked from exams and not just who the politicians wanted to pick, as well as making it illegal to fire government officials for political reasons.
  • Haymarket Massacre

    Haymarket Massacre
    The Haymarket Massacre happened after the bombing of what started off as a peaceful protest for workers that worked eight hour days. A bomb was thrown and the police responded with gunfire that killed 1 and injured more of these workers.
  • Dawes Act

    Dawes Act
    The Dawes Act was a law passed in 1887 that allowed the U.S. government to take land from tribes and distribute these Native American lands to individuals and families instead.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    The Interstate Commerce Act was a law passed in 1887, that regulated and made sure there were fair rates in the railroad industry. This law was mostly aimed to stop the growth of monopolies in the railroad industry.
  • Andrew Carnegie’s Book “Gospel of Wealth”

    Andrew Carnegie’s Book “Gospel of Wealth”
    In 1889, Andrew Carnegie published "Gospel of Wealth" that talks of how the new self-made rich, that dominated the Gilded age, should give to those who are less fortunate, otherwise called philanthropy.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    The Sherman Anti-Trust Act passed in 1890 aimed to prohibit activities that eliminated or restricted commerce and competition, usually trusts and monopolies.
  • Carnegie Steel Company Founded by Andrew Carnegie

  • Homestead Steel Labor Strike

    Homestead Steel Labor Strike
    The Homestead Labor Strike was a violent confrontation were at least 3 guards and 7 workers were killed. The confrontation was between the Carnegie Steel Company and its workers that wanted fair wages and better working conditions.
  • Pullman Labor Strike

  • Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court Case

    Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court Case
    The Plessy v. Ferguson Court Case was a decision by the Supreme Court that declared segregation laws - like the Jim Crow laws-based on race were constitutional as long as they were "equal".