Topics 1 & 2 Test

Timeline created by KortneyRiley
In History
  • 3000 BCE

    Cuneiform

    Cuneiform
    The Mesopotamians invented the first systems of writing in order to keep track of tax records. Their form of writing was called cuneiform which included pictographs and syllabic symbols to represent words and ideas.
  • 2680 BCE

    The Old Kingdom

    The Old Kingdom
    The Old Kingdom united Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt under a single ruling house. During the Old Kingdom, the Egyptians developed their own system of writing, hieroglyphics, which was used for record-keeping. The Old Kingdom's government was highly effective in tax collection and the distribution of food, supplies, and work forces.
  • 2340 BCE

    The World's First True Empire

    The World's First True Empire
    King Sargon the Great conquered many of the Mesopotamian cities and united the regions of Sumer and Akkad, forging the first true empire.
  • 2200 BCE

    The First Intermediate Period

    The First Intermediate Period
    During this period, the economy of Egypt diversified and expanded. A real noble class emerged with its own inherited power and land. With more elite people, craftspeople were needed to make royal-inspired goods.
  • 2112 BCE

    The Ur III Dynasty

    The Ur III Dynasty
    The Ur III Dynasty of Mesopotamia is known for its complex system of bureaucracy in which the individual people of the empire were less important than the system itself. The Ur III Dynasty also divided the empire into three tax regions so that its tax bureaucracy could collect wealth without alienating the conquered people.
  • 2040 BCE

    The Middle Kingdom

    The governor of the city of Thebes reunified the Egyptian kingdom establishing the Middle Kingdom. During this time, the kings made a major effort to extend Egyptian power and influence beyond the kingdom itself. The Egyptian kingdom began to interact with other civilizations during the Middle Kingdom, while in the Old Kingdom Egypt was completely isolated.
  • 1780 BCE

    The Code of Hammurabi

    The Code of Hammurabi
    Imposed by the Babylonian king, Hammurabi, the Code of Hammurabi is the most substantial surviving law code. The Code of Hammurabi went into great detail about the rights and obligations of Babylonians.
  • 1720 BCE

    The Second Intermediate Period

    The Second Intermediate Period
    The Hyksos Dynasty seized power in Lower Egypt, beginning the Second Intermediate Period. The Hyksos introduced the use of bronze. With a more durable metal, the Egyptians were able to develop more advanced weapons and tools.
  • 1550 BCE

    The New Kingdom

    The New Kingdom
    During the New Kingdom, the Egyptian empire expanded using its new bronze technology. A great bureaucratic empire was established during this period when pharaohs divided Egypt into two administrative regions. The regional administrators were then able to draft laborers, extract taxation, and supervise the agriculture of the area.
  • 1479 BCE

    Hatshepsut

    Hatshepsut
    The only known female pharaoh, Hatshepsut, ruled for twenty years, overseeing a period of ongoing prosperity. Under her rule, large quantities of African goods were imported from Nubia, such as gold, incense, live elephants, panther skins, and other forms of wealth.