The Rise and Fall of The Khmer Empire

  • Period: Jan 1, 800 to Dec 31, 1500

    Rise - Fall of The Khmer Empire

    During this time, the Khmer Empire rose and became a great nation, but started to fail - and was eventually deserted in the end.
  • Jan 1, 802

    The Khmer Empire was founded

    The Khmer Empire was founded
    A prince proclaimed himself to be the God-King Jayavarman II. This was when the Khmer empire started.
  • Period: Apr 30, 802 to Apr 30, 835

    Jayavarman II reigned

    During his reign, Jayavarman II used certain techniques to expand the area under his control. This included wars, alliances and marriges. Jayavarman II also built several Hindu temples. Jayavarman II successors then went on tpo expand the empire the same way he did; by building temples.
  • Period: Jan 1, 889 to Dec 31, 900

    Yasovarman I ruled

    During his reign, Yasovarman constructed a new capital called 'Yasodharapura' and a gigantic resivor in the Angkor area.
  • Period: Jan 1, 944 to Dec 31, 968

    Rajendravaran II Reigned

    During his reign, Rajendravaran II built many temples at Angkor. The Khmers also had their first war with Champa during his reign.
  • Jan 1, 953

    Rajendravarman II built many temples at Angkor

    Rajendravarman II built many temples at Angkor
  • Period: Apr 30, 968 to Apr 30, 1001

    Jayavarman V reigned

    Under Jayavarman V's power, the Khmer court became a centre for scholars and artists, therefore meaning that more educated peope were brought into the Khmer area.
  • May 1, 1001

    Jayavarman V dies

    After the decades following Jayavarman V's death, there was alot of power struggle in the Khmer Empire.
  • Jan 1, 1113

    1113 - 1150 Angkor Wat is built

    1113 - 1150 Angkor Wat is built
    The greatest of all the Khmer Temples 'Angkor Wat' was built in just 37 years by 50,000 workers under the reign of Suryavarman II. The temple was dedicated to the Hindu god Vinshu.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1113 to Dec 31, 1150

    Suryavarman II reigned

    Suryavarman II extended the Khmer Empire by conquering Haripunchi and South West Thailand. He also took several proviences of Champa and extended them North.
  • Jan 1, 1117

    Cham invaded the Khmer Empire

    Cham invaded the Khmer Empire
    After Suryavaman's II death, the Cham invaded the Khmer Empire. They rowed up the Mekong River and across Tonle sap. Once they arrived, they sacked the Khmer capital - as well as killing King Tribhuvanadityavarman. This was one of the major contributing factors to the decline of the Khmer Empire.
  • Apr 27, 1150

    Suryavaman II dies

    Suryavaman II dies
  • Period: Apr 30, 1181 to Apr 30, 1215

    Jayavarman VII reigns

    Jayavarman VII was regarded the greatest of all Khmer rulers. During his reign, Jayavarman VII built and did many things. Many temples were built as well as the 'great city' of Angkor Thom (including the Bayon temple.) For twenty-two years of his reign, Khmer was in war against Champa, as well as gaining alot of its land. Jayavarman VII did a lot to help build the empire, by building many roads, hospitals and rest-houses (which were accommodated by traders and travellers.)
  • Period: May 1, 1181 to May 1, 1215

    Jayavarman VII changes religion

    Before Jayavarman VII reigned, Buddishm and Hinduism had been practised for a long time. As Jayavarman VII was a follower of one of the different types of Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhism, this became the new religion of his state.
  • Apr 30, 1218

    Jayavarman VII dies

    After Jayavarman VII's death, the empire was greatly effected. No more temples were built, as well as loosing much of the land they had conquered. Things did not get better when the first Thai kingdom was established in 1238, due to several Thai nobles rebelling.
  • Period: May 1, 1243 to May 1, 1295

    Jayavarman VIII reigns

    Jayavarman VIII wanted a return to Hinduism, so he converted many Buddhist temples to Hindu temples, as well as destroying THOUSANDS of Buddha temples - which caused mayhem along the two religions. The empire was also threatened by a much more powerful empire during his reign.
  • Jan 1, 1295

    Jayavarman VIII was overthrown by Srindravarman

     Jayavarman VIII was overthrown by Srindravarman
    Jayavarman VIII was overthrown by his son-in-law Srindravarman.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1295 to Dec 31, 1309

    Srindravarman reigns

    The Khmer Empire was introduced Therava Buddism by Srindravarman - it became a more common known religion in the Khmer quickly.
  • May 1, 1327

    The end of the Khmer classical period

    Indrajayavarman is said to be the last 'successor' before the end of the 'Khmer Classical Period.' After this date, there were no longer any more records indicating new kings and no more new temples - this could've possibly been because the 'new' religion Theravada Buddhism didn't require more/new buildings.
  • Jan 1, 1440

    Angkor was abandoned

    Angkor was abandoned
    The Thai's sacked Angkor (in 1431) and it was abonded by the Khmer rulers in the years following.